Actionsshould be taken against Global Warming
Actionsshould be taken against Global Warming
Theclimate change phenomenon has changed from being a natural occurrenceinto a global problem. What was supposed to occur naturally in theenvironmental order has changed because of global warming`s balancedecosystem has turned to be the source of global concern. This is themain reason why many people, governments and internationalorganizations are considering several measures to revert thesituation. The cause of concern is evident from the shifting paradigmof world order to consider green means of solving world problems. Thediscussion in this paper will illustrate the effects of globalwarming that illustrate a need for measures to be taken now. Thediscussion will also illustrate the counterarguments against takingsteps to control global warming.
Effectsof Global Warming
Globalwarming has affected the standards of living of the people byaffecting different aspects of life. One of the main effects isreduced agricultural output. As a result, the levels of raw materialsare reduced for production of secondary products. This in turn leadsto increase food prices and food shortages. For instance, theNational Academy Press (2014) estimates that 67% of the change incrop production globally is due to global warming. In addition,reduced agricultural input may lead to ineffectiveness in the worldpopulation due to low working potential as they do not feed well. Inaddition, the reduction in food production has led toover-exploitation of natural resources such as forests as peopleinvade them for farming and timber (UNEP, 2012).
Globalwarming has also affected the social factors of people. One of themain effects is on culture and religion since most of the changes inland have affected societies. Global land has affected the aboriginalland places and sacred places in Australia. This is as a result ofchanges in the economic activities from farming to alternatives.According to UNEP (2012), the society has changed its structure dueto the shift from agriculture to other economic activities. Theshortage of food and agricultural production also leads to fightingbetween communities and tribes as they struggle for the control ofarable land and water. Global warming is also responsible for thedestruction of communal sacred lands such as the Zoroastrians towerof silence in India.
Inaddition, global warming has led to the increased mortality due topoor nutrition and the emergence of new diseases and disease causingpathogens. The reduction in food production has led to low nutritionand poor feeding in the adversely affected regions. As a result, themortality rate has increased. Global warming is also responsible forthe emergence of allergies that lead to diseases and mortality.According to Bajin et al (2012), global warming has caused allergiesin Asia, and has raised the mortality rate especially to the minors.
Inaddition, global warming has led to the development of diseasecausing pathogens such as new viruses in humans and also in animals.For instance, the Japaneseencephalitis virus (JEV)has been one of the effects of global warming. According to Hurk etal (2008), the domestic pigs in Japan and Australia have beenaffected by the JEV virus and the Encephalitis Virus. The graph belowshows the prevalence of the virus infecting in Badu Island innorthern Australia.
(Hurket al, 2008)
Thegraph shows the cases of the virus that were reported in 1995, 1998and 2003. The graph indicates a rise in the number of reported casesin the Badu Island. This shows that as global warming increases, theconditions for the viral infection increase, leading to highermortality in pigs.
Otherdiseases that have increased in terms of prevalence due to globalwarming include malaria and water borne diseases. Water bornediseases arise due to flooding and disruption of sewerage systems dueto the excessive rains caused by global warming. In addition, theheat that reaches the surface of the earth is high, thereby weakeningthe skin. This has in turn increased the risk for skin cancer to thepeople living in the adversely affected areas. According to WorldHealth Organization (2014), the number of diseases reported in Africais higher than any other continents. WHO (2014) estimates thatdiarrhea can increase by 10% due to climate change by 2030.
Despitethe effects of global warming, there is a significant oppositionagainst taking steps to control global warming. According to thecounterargument, the efforts against global warming are not feasible.Therefore, it is argued that people should find alternative solutionsthat can work instead of taking steps against global warming. According to Booker (2011), many people are getting obsessed withglobal warming instead of correcting the political decisions thatcause the effects of global warming. Therefore, instead of working tocontrol global warming, governments should adjust their politicaldecisions (Booker, 2011).
Thesteps against global warming, lower the standards of living anddemeans the way of living of many people. The green restrictionsimposed as a way of reducing global warming limits the livelihood ofpeople. For instance, limiting people to cut trees and build theirhouses reduces their quality of housing. Similarly, the limitation ofthe use of fossil fuel to prevent global warming will reduce thetransport sector in the world. This will reduce people to cycling asa means of going to work instead of cars. As a result, performanceand living standards of people will be reduced.
Inaddition, global warming restrictions limit the development ofindustries. Modern industrialization has increased the output interms of agricultural and industrial production. By regulating theindustries because of global warming, the measures will limit thelevel of output in the economy. As a result, the living standards ofpeople will be adversely affected, especially those who depend on thegoods from the industries. This means that the modern society that isbased on the industrial production will not survive. Moreover, themeasures against global warming are based on the projection ofexpensive proposals that could be done using other methods. Theresources used in these proposals would be used to develop thecapacity for growth of the economies.
However,the counter arguments against restrictions to control global warmingare not valid for the current society. This is because the way oflife has been affected greatly by the effects of global warming thanthe effect of the restrictions in place. Therefore, appropriateactions should be taken to save the world against the disastrouseffects of global warming. The taking of the appropriate actions willsave the economies of the world from devastation and will protect thenatural resources. In addition, prevention of global warming willreverse the increase in mortality by increased agriculturalproduction and good weather. Moreover, controlling global warmingwill improve the standards of living of people due to improvedweather and food production for a healthy society. Therefore, actionsmust be taken to avoid the global warming consequences before thesituation in the world worsens.
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Booker,C. (2011). TheReal Global Warming Disaster: Is the Obsession with `climate Change`Turning Out to be the Most Costly Scientific Blunder in History? Edinburgh,UK: A&C Black
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Hurk,A. T. (2008). Table mosquito infection rates during 3 recognizedincursions of Japanese encephalitis virus, Badu Island, northernAustralia. In DomesticPigs and Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection, Australia.Retrieved From,<http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/14/11/pdfs/07-1368.pdf>November 8, 2014
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