Andersen,M. L, Taylor, H., & Logio, K. (2014). Sociology:The Essentials.NewYork: CengageLearning.
Thisbook demonstrates to the reader the main difference between devianceand crime. The author further explains how sociologistsconceptualize, as well as give explanations on the topic of devianceand crime. According to the authors of this book, deviance should beunderstood using the social context in which it takes place.Specifically highlighted is the psychological explanation of deviancethat positions the cause of deviance solely within an individual.Furthermore, the authors further analyze how sociologists layemphasis on the social context in which deviance takes place. As aresult, they view deviance as a process resulting from group andinstitutions. Furthermore, this book also explains how sociologicaltheory plays a part in the study of deviance and crime. Sociologistshave studied and provided explanations focusing on the socialcontexts that deviance develops. In addition, the association betweendeviance, crime and inequality is given. This book is relevant anddemonstrates the major types of deviance such drug abuse.
Brym,R. J., & Lie, J. (2010). Sociology:Your compass for a new world, the brief edition.Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Thisbook deals with deviance, crime and social control. According to theauthors of this book, both deviance and crime are comparative. Thisis because crime is deviance that entails breaking the law, whiledeviance involves turning away from the norm and inducing negativereaction from other people. According to the authors, deviance andcrime can be well understood by studying how norms and laws becamesocially constructed. Furthermore, the authors have classifieddeviance and crime into four types including: social diversions,social deviations, conflict crimes and finally consensus crimes. Thisbook is relevant since it exemplifies deviance and crime in thesociety.
Crossman,A. (2014). Sociology of Deviance and Crime. TheStudy Of Cultural Norms And What Happens When They Are Broken.Retrievedfromhttp://sociology.about.com/od/Disciplines/a/Sociology-Of-Deviance-Crime.htm
Accordingto Crossman, in their study sociologists observed deviance and crimebased on cultural norms, how norms are enforced and change over time,and what occurs when societies and individuals deviate from thesenorms. The author further states that deviance and social normsdiffer from one society to another and mostly sociologists payattention to the cause of these differences as well as how theyimpact on individuals and groups. In her book, Crossman furtherargues that deviance is simply nonconformity with the socialexpectations. This book concludes by demonstrating how sociologistsexplain ordinary events, such as drug abuse based on theirunderstanding of deviance. This article is relevant to this topic andexpound on why sociologist lays emphasis on deviance as groupprocesses and judgments and not just as mere individual actions.
Krohn,M. D. (2009). Handbookon Crime and Deviance.Dordrecht: Springer.
Accordingto the author of this book, social labeling plays a role in theprocess of developing crime and deviance. The labeling theory isbased on the assumption that deviant behavior can be caused byvarious conditions, and when an individual have been labeled asdeviant, they end up facing new challenges that comes fromself-reaction and stigma from others. As a result, these problems endup increasing the probability of stable and chronic deviant andcriminal behavior. In summary, this book is relevant and providesuseful information demonstrating how labeling plays a role ininfluencing deviant behavior.
Mayr,A., & Machin, D. (2012). Thelanguage of crime and deviance: An introduction to criticallinguistic analysis in media and popular culture.London: Continuum.
Thisbook demonstrates on the relationship between crime and deviance,particularly in the mass media. The authors state that crime storiesare a major part of the media since they serve a significant rolesocially, culturally, economically and politically. It is for thisreason that the reporting of news plays a crucial role in shaping howpeople perceive crime and deviance. The authors further claim thatthe media may misrepresent crime in how they define some events.Furthermore, how the media portrays crime and deviance cause fear,fascination and escapism. This book is relevant and provides reliableinformation on how entertainment in the modern world is repackaged bythe media to influence how people perceive crime and deviance.
Henry,S., & Einstadter, W. J. (2006). Criminologicaltheory.Lanham: Rowman & Littlfield publishers, Inc.
Thisbook analyses underlying assumptions of criminological theory.According to the authors, crime is perceived as a problem linked toenvironmental change adaptations. Therefore, crime and deviance areviewed as a normal response to circumstances that are abnormal. Thestructural organization adopted by a society such as division oflabor, culturally prescribed goals, nature and distribution ofoccupational roles have a huge effect on crime and deviance. Insummary, environmental factors play a huge role in raising orminimizing thresholds in which an individual can engage in criminalbehavior. This book is useful and gives reliable information on thetopic of crime and deviant. The author further gives illustrationregarding crime and deviant using various theoretical perspectives.
Sampson,R. J. & Laub, J. H. Crime and Deviance in the Life Course.AnnualReview of Sociology,Vol 18: 63-84.
Thisbook demonstrates research in criminology and emphasizes on thestrong association between age and crime. According to the authors,most crimes peak at the adolescence stage and then continue todecline over the life course. This book provides findings on researchregarding childhood antisocial behavior, youth delinquency and adultcrime over the life stages. Additionally, the research focuses on thestudy of the association of crime and deviance based on varioussocial phenomena, such as opportunity structure, marital attachmentand occupational attainment. This book is relevant to this topic andhas attempted to integrate crime and life course.
Siegel,L.(2007).Criminology: The Core.NewYork: CengageLearning.
Theauthor of this book is Siegel. According to him, criminologists havededicated themselves in defining and understanding crime anddeviance. This book demonstrates how criminologists view behaviorthat is deviant. On the other hand, Siegel suggests that in mostcases, crime and deviance is confused since not all crime becamedeviant, and also not all deviant actions are considered criminal.For this reason, criminologists are mostly concerned with this theoryof deviance and how it relates to criminality. Moreover, they areworried on the extent the society is supposed to draw a line betweendeviance and crime. This book is relevant to this topic since itcontinues to demonstrate how a person become a criminal, and givefurther details about the concept of crime. Siegel furtherdemonstrates how criminologist view crime using concepts, such as theconsensus view, interactionist view and the conflict view.