Anthony Chair Research Report


The piece of art, Anthony Chair, was designed by Jean Prouve whospent his entire career as a designer working with industrialmaterials. The chair distinguished by the black painted, as well asthe hand-welded steel finish, which are proof of expressiveemployment of hardware. The hard ware portrays mechanicalconnections, which produce a seat with gracefully laminated birchcompound. According to jean, the nature of painted steel rubber andaluminum and Baltic birch that were laminated were consistent withindustrialization and mechanization of the twentieth century. Hemanaged to capture the entire spirit and the interests of the timethrough utilization of industrial materials. On the same note, Prouveemployed a handcrafted tactic in making his working models.

Anthony Chair Image

Prouve’s career in art and architecture was exceptional and it wasadmired by many. As a designer, Prouve abandoned his training as anengineer to produce a practical work body, which ranged frombuildings, door knobs and letter openers. Notably, Prouve was born ina family of artists in Nancy and this probably the source of hispassion for art works. At some point in his life, Prouve was giventraining as a metal smith (Sulzer et al 2002). The training precededhis joining school where he trained in engineering.

As mentioned earlier in the paper, Jean Prouve born and brought up inNancy, in a family of artists. 1901 was the year of birth and he diedin 1984. Jean succeeded in his career due to his undoubted ability tocombine social conscience with economy of means and elegance. Workingas a teacher, designer, craftsman architect and manufacturer, Jeanscareer spanned more than six decades (Vegesack &amp Prouvé 2006).During his term on earth, Jean produced exceptional facades, buildingcomponents and school, home and office furniture.

It is imperative to note that Jean Prouve was well conversant withmetal and the limits of metallic materials following his experiencewith metal as a craftsman. After working with wrought iron for sometime, Jean Prouve shifted his focus on aluminum and steel in a bid toremain consistent and relevant with the modern movement. The tacticswere coupled with arch welding and folding (Sulzer et al 2002).Following his establishment Atelier Jean Prouvé, jean commenced onproducing metal furniture that were of light weight of design thatwas original and unique to him. He proceeded to make collaborationswith other designer as Charlotte Perriand who were recognized fortheir work during the time.

At the core of his career, jean redirected his entire attention toproduction of furniture, with his mind to the public sector. In a nutshell, Jean Prouvé targeted the growing areas in the public sectoras education, health and administration (Vegesack &amp Prouvé2006). The intentions were to portray strong social ideals with akeen focus on the economies of scale. It became apparent to JeanProuvé that his business could thrive extremely well the momentembrace large scale production. At that point, Jean Prouvé wasinspired to patent and develop industrial products, which utilizedfolded metal sheets for house construction. Included in the list ofindustrial products were elevator cages, metal doors and movablepartitioning.

Jean Prouvé Sample Door Image

In 1947, Jean Prouvé shifted his business Maxéville. With awell-established designed studio, Jean Prouvé had an open avenue tointegrate prototype development, research and production. He made themost striking stet of changing the process of building to embracemechanizing industry at the expense of practices that werecraft-based (Sulzer et al 2002). The alteration in the productionprocess facilitated Jean Prouvé to produce furniture that wereinfluence by his own design. The same courtesy was extended to theproduction of prefabricated huts, roof elements, façade panels,windows, doors and houses among others.

After a period of triumph as a factory man, Jean Prouvé lost hisfactory to Aluminum Francais in 1953. Although the loss crippled thecoping abilities of the artist, it opened a new chapter in thecreative development of Jean Prouvé (Vegesack &amp Prouvé 2006).He did designed and built a house from the remnants of the company.With his designing instincts awakened, he started designingsophisticated buildings, and he was given tasks to design banks andother constructions through his Construction Jean Prouvé business.

As fate had it Prouve lost his business again to CIMT and he resortedto consultancy, technical, which devoted to advising and guidingarchitects. Notably, Prouve had a systematic approach to both designand making. The appearance of the design and the design process weregiven equal interests and attention by Jean (Sulzer et al 2002). Toensure that his designs were consistent, Jean prepared flow charts,which indicated how materials moved from one machine to the nextduring the production process (Vegesack &amp Prouvé 2006). Theprocedures of folding and mixing metal sheets were also documentedfor close referencing to avoid mistakes. His tools were alsocategorized and labeled to ensure that the right tool was employedfor the right task.

That said, Prouve was consumed by the desire to establish solutionsto issues through experimentation. His support and appreciation ofcontribution from other people worn Jean great respect among hiscountrymen, artists, architects, designers and students, as well.

References List

Sulzer, P., Binding, G. B., Prouvé, J., &amp Sulzer-Kleinemeier,E. 2002, Jean Prouvé, highlights: 1917 – 1944. Basel [u.a.],Birkhäuser.

Vegesack, A. V., &amp Prouvé, J. 2006, Jean Prouvé thepoetics of the technical object. Weil am Rhein,Vitra-Design-Museum.