Theroad to abortion-on-demand is a slippery one. It starts by allowingabortion for medical reasons where there is a risk of foetal andmaternal health, then progressed to moral issues like termination ofpregnancies due to incest or rape. In the end, abortion becomespermissible due to social reasons like the inability to raise theexpected child, bad timing of the pregnancy, or when it the pregnancywas an expected one. Abortion is the termination of pregnancy,whether spontaneous or induced. It is a grave violation of humanrights for someone to decide on the viability of another human beingand by so doing electives that its birth be terminated for whateverreason. This essay argues on why abortion should be illegal andpromotes the sanctity of human life (Ziegler, 2013).
Theproponents of abortion, state that it is a fundamental human rightlegalized by the US Supreme Court ruling in the Roevs. Wadecase in 1973 (Ziegler, 2013). It allowed women the freedom to decidewhether to terminate their pregnancy. This is a fallacy since itpresumes that all abortions performed are a result of hard cases thatrequire the intervention of abortion, otherwise the life of themother will be at risk. The truth is that only a small percentage ofabortions worldwide fall in this category intended to save the lifeor health of the mother, rape, incest, and foetal deformities. Recentstatistics show that these hard cases are usually very rare and thatthe majority of the abortions that occur are sought for social oreconomic reasons (Garfield& Hennessey, 1998).
Itis assumed that termination of a pregnancy with abnormalities willrid the world of human beings who would be dependent on others. Thisworldview is distorted since it presumes that one life is better thatthe other and that we have the choice of allowing one life to prosperand snuffing out the other. Abortion can be construed as a tool ofeugenics since we cannot justify killing imperfect people. This makesman to assume the power of a deity that has dominion over otherbeings and can on their behalf decide what is good and bad for them.Until now, no one has been able to control his or her life or death,it is an inevitable part of living, and none knows its timing.Therefore, the survival of one being is under the control of deityand cannot be determined by a fellow being (Sethna et al, 2013).
Ifwe allow women free rein to do as they please in the guise of givingthem control over their body, then we will legalize anarchy. Theywill demand an abortion when pregnant for any reason and this meansthat they cannot take responsibility for getting contraception toprevent an unplanned pregnancy. In addition, despite medicalprocedures being safe, medical doctors concur that abortion is notneeded to save the life or health of the mother. These safe practiceswould better be used to carry a pregnancy to term. Thereafter, thechild may be given up for adoption if the parents cannot afford totake care of it (Garfield& Hennessey, 1998).
Unlesswe are willing to uphold the rights of all – not discriminatingagainst the unborn since they cannot build their case againstabortion – then we should ban abortion-on-demand, as it is a grossviolation of human rights (Crum& McCormack, 1991).
Few(7%) abortions are procured due to extreme cases – foetal andmaternal health concerns – the majority (up to 92%) are due tosocial and economic reasons for example poor timing, inability toafford baby, relationship issues or where parents had finished childbearing.
Crum,G., & McCormack, T. (1991). Abortion:Pro-choice or pro-life?.Washington, D.C:
Garfield,J. L., & Hennessey, P. (1998). Abortion,moral and legal perspectives.Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
Sethna,C., Palmer, B., Ackerman, K., & Janovicek, N. (2013). Choice,Interrupted: Travel and
Inequalityof Access to Abortion Services since the 1960s. Labour/ Le Travail, 7129-48.
Ziegler,M. (2013). Women`s Rights on the Right: The History and Stakes ofModern Pro-Life
Feminism. BerkeleyJournal Of Gender, Law & Justice, 28(2),232-268.