Best Practices in the Correction Field Correctional Mental Health

BEST PRACTICES IN THE CORRECTION FIELD 5

BestPractices in the Correction Field: Correctional Mental Health

BestPractices in the Correction Field: Correctional Mental Health

Correctionalfacilitiesworldwidestriveto achieveone majorgoal.Themainaimis thefacilitation andprovisionof a platformfortheprosecutedoffenders to ‘change’their behaviorstowards a positivedirection(Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). However,thesuccessof theplatformdepends on thecriterionexploitedin theprocess.Asa naturalaspectof a humanbeing,beingin controlis a vitalforce.Whenan individualfeelsin control,thebehavioral aspectsvaryas comparedto whenthefeelingof ‘slavery’is in place.Forthepurposeof achievingthecorrectional goal,andforthispaper,theconsiderationwill concentrateon mentallychallengedoffenders (Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). Thecasestudywill rely on theinformationas relatesto one of themajormentallychallengedcorrectional facility,namedas Atascadero hospital. Atascaderohospitalis a penitentiaryfacility,knownforholding‘themostdangerous’offenders. Asreviewsreveal,‘theoffenders are toodangerousto be letback in thesociety.’However,thefacilitycan be classifiedas one of themostsuccessfulholding providingservicesto thementallyilloffenders (Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). Mostof theinmatesare saidto possessthe‘incurable’conditions.Mentalhealthis a concernthat putstheadministrators,policymakersandtreatmentproviders in criticalpositions.Theconcernsraisemorecomplexissueswith theconsiderationof theprosecutionprocess.Atascadero holdsthesuccess,creditworthto thelayoutof thefacility. Ascomparedto manypenitentiaries,Atascadero’s layoutis significantly different.With thefactthattheinmatesare mentallyill,thefacilityrecognizesthevalueof ‘freedom’though heldas prisoners.Thefreedomachievementis through the‘society’like settingof theholding (Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). In fact,theholding is like a cityby itself, with all therelevant‘streets’andinhabitants.Acrucialpartof the‘freedom’is thattheinmatesare not restrainedorheldin cells.Theinmatesare allowedto movealong freely,therebygivingtheconditionof ‘bestpractice’as concernsthecorrectionof mentallyillinmates(Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). The‘freedom’easestherelationshipof theinmatesas thevitalfeelingof not beingenslavedrulestheatmosphere. Toreinforcethe‘bestpractices’notion,thelawenforcers in theholdingclassifiedas thepolicedepartmentis not allowedto carryarms.Assuch,theinmates,though prosecutedas criminals,havea feelingof ‘acceptance’in thesocietyas theyare not treated‘harshly’by ruleof thumb(Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). Thepoliceforcealsodoesnot respondto a crisislike in theotherholdings, with armsreadyto instilldisciplinethrough ‘violence’criterion.Thefacilityresponds to a crisisas a medicalemergency,therebyfacilitatingthesociallifeof theinmates.Thefactis dueto theknowledgethatmentalillnessdisintegratesthementalperformanceof an individualthat can leadto violentbehaviors(Adam&amp Ferrandino, 2008). Astheprogramdepicts, bestpracticesentailrespectingthehumanrightsindividuals. Thebestpracticesin mentalhealthpromotebothmentalrecoveryprocessanddisciplinary correctional process.Bothareachievedat theAtascadero through thesocietysettingallowingforengagementof uniquefactors.Suchfactorsare suchas semi-interrupted sociallife,through the‘freedom’created.Thesemi-interrupted sociallifemakesiteasierformedicalpractitioners to gaugethesuccessof mentalrecoveryprocessas comparedto therestrainedsituationwherethereactionscould be as a resultof frustrations(Sampl,Wakai, Trestman &amp Keeney, 2008).Frustrationfeelingsarefurtheramplifiedby lackof freedomthat createsa senseof beingin control.At Atascadero, a practitioner can easilygivetherealsocietal valuesof an individualbased on thebehavioral observationin thefacility.Thefactis as a resultof theself-control modelof theprocessthrough unrestrainedlife.Assuch,thebestpracticesat theAtascadero correctionfacilityforthementallyilloffenders recognizethevalueconsequencesof allowingtheself-control aspectsto rule. Whetherdealingwith thementallyill,minorsortheadults,there are somecommonpracticesthat formthebasisof a successfulcorrectional program.Thebestpracticesare suchas cognitive based,collaborative andsupportbased practices.Thesupportbased practicesentailtheidentificationof an individual’sweaknessesandstrengths.Thesupportbased criterionstrivesat encouragingan individualto concentrateon thestrengths,therebysuppressingtheweaknessesthat may havebeenthemaindriversto committingoffensiveacts(Sampl,Wakai, Trestman &amp Keeney, 2008).Cognitive based methodconcentrateson theculturallayoutsuchas thebeliefsandassumptions.Beliefsheldabout an aspectcontrolthereactionsof an individual.Assuch,thecognitive criterionstrivesto understandtherootof thebehaviorandprovideinformationon thebestwayforwardof handlingsuchissues.Collaborative criterionis a majorcontributorto anycorrectional program(Sampl,Wakai, Trestman &amp Keeney, 2008).Wherethere is a perfectcollaboration between theoffenders, andthecorrectionfacilitators, thechallengesinvolvedin theprocessare easilyidentifiedanddealtwith.Collaboration doesnot onlyeasetheprocess,anditalsoactsas a majortimesavingelement. Mentalhealthin correctional programsis a subjectthat callsforcontinuousresearchto determinethebestpracticesto exploit(Sampl,Wakai, Trestman &amp Keeney, 2008).Theresearchwill facilitatetheprogramin ensuringthattheindividualsreleasedbackto thesocietyare not onlybehavioral affected.Theprogramwill facilitatementalhealthrecoveryensuringlessened chancesof repetitionof offendingbehaviors.

Reference

Adams,K., &amp Ferrandino, J. (2008). Managing mentally ill inmates inprisons. CriminalJustice

andBehavior, 35(8), 913-927. doi: 10.1177/009385480831862

Sampl,S. Wakai, S., Trestman, R. &amp Keeney, E.M. (2008).FunctionalAnalysis of Behavior in Corrections: Empowering Inmates in SkillsTraining Groups. Journalof Behavior Analysis of Offender and Victim: Treatment andPrevention, 1(4),42-51