Border Patrol Unaccompanied Minors Crossing the Border

BORDER PATROL: UNACCOMPANIED MINORS CROSSING THE BORDER 8

BorderPatrol: Unaccompanied Minors Crossing the Border

MonicaDelgado

RowanCommunity College

Outline

Abstract:Offers a conclusive summary of what is to be covered in the wholepaper

Introduction:Offers a background regarding the issue of border crossing,especially by unaccompanied minors.

Thesis:This paper will delve on the issues of unaccompanied minors crossingthe U.S border, the reasons, analysis and proposed solutions to theongoing crisis.

MainBody

Point1: Border crossing as a humanitarian crisis

Point2:Central American region as a source of the crisis

Point3:Case study: The story of Joseph Rodriguez from Mexico

Point4:Efforts being made by the President Obama to curb the issue of bordercrossing

Conclusion

Offerspersonal opinion regarding border crossing

References

Offerssources used in this study.

Abstract

Crossingacross the border has become an issue f concern for many governments,and stakeholders across the globe. The aim of this paper is to delveon the issues of unaccompanied minors crossing the U.S border, thereasons, analysis and proposed solutions to the ongoing crisis. In2014, border patrol expects to apprehend over 74,000 unaccompaniedminors by the end of the year. This is more the population of middleand high school kids in the State of Dallas. President Obama hascalled this issue a humanitarian crisis as many children are held inovercrowded detention centers and warehouses as they awaitdeportation. Over the years various theories and suggestions havebeen put forward and implemented in an attempt to address the illegalimmigration in the U.S but the problem seems to getting worse by theday. Some reforms have taken place for instance in 2012, the USgovernment stopped the deportation of individuals who came to the U.Slegally but have somehow lost their legal status. Further, billionsof U.S dollars have been spent in an effort to address theimmigration issue in the U.S but all efforts have seemed futile. Inconclusion, The U.S government should work on a formula of relocatingthe unaccompanied kids as refugees in the short run. Further, itshould seek ways of fighting crime and drug related gangs in theCentral American region

BorderPatrol: Unaccompanied Minors Crossing the Border

Accordingto the Department of Homeland Security, there has been an 18%increase in the number of persons apprehended by the border patrol.However, most shockingly, is the recent surge of unaccompanied minorwho are crossing the border from the southwest and the Rio GrandeValley. Recent data suggests that, border patrol apprehended 50,000unaccompanied minors attempting to gain entry into the U.S (Scherer,2014).In 2014, border patrol expects to apprehend over 74,000 unaccompaniedminors by the end of the year. This is more the population of middleand high school kids in the State of Dallas. President Obama hascalled this issue a humanitarian crisis as many children are held inovercrowded detention centers and warehouses as they awaitdeportation. Thispaper will delve on the issues of unaccompanied minors crossing theU.S border, the reasons, analysis and proposed solutions to theongoing crisis.

Thereis no doubt that, the U.S is having a serious humanitarian crisis.For almost a decade now the U.S Immigration has been facing animminent immigration problem. Over the years various theories andsuggestions have been put forward and implemented in an attempt toaddress the illegal immigration in the U.S but the problem seems togetting worse by the day. When President George W. Bush wasPresident, the U.S government had proposed the citizenship to theover 11 million residents who had been in the U.S illegally. However,this proposal never got to seen the light of the day as many U.Scitizens believed that their jobs would be taken away. PresidentObama too had a several suggestions in an effort to address thesituation. His administration was open to awarding citizenship to the11 million undocumented aliens but he unfortunately faced severeopposition from the Republican representatives. President’s Obamaadministration forged another alternative which was to speed up thedeportation of illegal immigrants and President Obama was successfulin implementing this policy as he holds the record for deporting mostaliens as a President in U.S history.

Overthe recent years, the Central American region has been going throughsome serious issues. The nations of Honduras, El Slavador andGuatemala have been going through some serious economic difficulties.Some of the children who were apprehended by the border patroladmitted to attempting to cross the U.S border in an effort to maketheir lives better. The youngsters from the three Central Americannations said that having access to food was one of the most pressingreasons of crossing the U.S boarder. Unemployment could perhaps bethe main reason behind the surge of unaccompanied kids because mostof them admit that they cannot have access to food and otheramenities because jobs are hard to come by. The other reason thatcould explain the surge in unaccompanied kid’s numbers on the U.Sborders is that of violence due to increased insecurity, gang anddrug related activities. The three nations which account for over 74%of undocumented kids apprehended each has their own share of troublesas far as violence is concerned. For instance, El Salvador has thehighest murder rates in the world owing back to the country’smilitary coup in 2009(Scherer,2014).It also has the second highest rates of violence due to gang relatedactivities. On the other hand, Guatemala is ranked fifth in the worldas far as murder rates are concerned. The country is home to theZetas cartel which has played a role in the recent increase in cornprices over the years. In fact, the prices of tortillas for instancehave doubled. Mexico too has its own share of problems due to theincreased number of gangs that traffic drugs into the U.S. The gangsoperate by instilling fear among its residents by asking them to jointheir gangs and engaging in drug trafficking or face death (Robles,2014).According to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, of the400 youths that were interviewed by the agency, 58% of them admittedto have been threatened, suffered of feared facing some serious harmthat might warrant international protection(Gordon,2014).Most of the kids apprehended or who tried to cross the border weredoing so to alleviate their families crushing poverty. However, somewere trying to reunite with their parent who had been successful atcrossing the border illegally several years before the onset of therecession. But some are leaving their countries in a wave of gang andrelated activities that has rocked central America.

Thestory of Joseph Rodriguez from Mexico could shed some light on thesituation in Mexico. The story of 17 year of Joseph Rodriguez as acase study is a good example of how drug traffickers have playedtheir role in escalating the number of kids crossing the U.S border.He was captured by drug traffickers in a desert safe house located inNorthern part of Mexico. The boy was given the task of traffickingmarijuana from the Arizona border to the US. Since he did not have achoice, he had to take up the assignment since he had no one to takecare of him. Adrian was however apprehended by the border patrolafter catching up with him in the Arizona desert. By this time, hehad walked for hundreds of miles, had sold some newspapers and evenhis own body for $50 just to get a piece of the American dream. Mostof the children who cross the U.S boarder usually pay for suchservices. Unlike Adrian who was self-sponsored, most kids usually paya fee to smuggling organizations which guarantee a supposed free passto the United States. The increase in criminal organizations whichtransport children across the U.S border has made a killing with theever increasing number of children who seek greener pastures in theU.S. In addition, the passing of the 2008 anti-human trafficking lawthat was passed under President Bush administration has made thesituation complicated. The law prevents children entering the U.S tobe taken back to their home countries without a deportationhearing(Whyare so many children trying to cross the US border?, 2014).The children law is effective on children that are not from eitherMexico or Canada. Given that over 70% of the kids crossing theborders come from Honduras. Guatemala and El Salvador, thedeportation process can be as length as 35 days before they can bedeported back to their home countries. This has led to the growinghuman crisis in the U.S as it takes time for deportation to beeffected.

Billionsof U.S dollars have been spent in an effort to address theimmigration issue in the U.S but all efforts have seemed futile.President Obama has pledged more support by asking for even morefunds to curb the situation. The President has importantly agreed tosend more manpower at the border in order to calm the situation. Butaccording to VenessaAllyn, who is the managing attorney for refugeeHuman rights insists that the U.S courts have been underfunded. Theimmigration courts handle over 1,500 cases per year and have thelargest back log of cases in 20 years (Munguia,2014).

Inmy opinion, Immigration reform is the only solution to the problem aswell as foreign policy. The U.S government should work on a formulaof relocating the unaccompanied kids as refugees in the short run. Inthe meantime, the U.S government should seek ways of fighting crimeand drug related gangs in the Central American region. This willperhaps decrease the number of children running away from their homecountries. Holding the kids in shelters and later on deporting themwill not be a solution to the current humanitarian crisis.

References

Whyare so many children trying to cross the US border?(2014, September 30). Retrieved November 28, 2014, from BBC:http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-28203923

Gordon,I. (2014, July). 70,000Kids Will Show Up Alone at Our Border This Year. What Happens toThem?Retrieved November 29, 2014, from Mother Jones:http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/06/child-migrants-surge-unaccompanied-central-america

Munguia,H. (2014, October 13). TheUnaccompanied Minor Crisis Has Moved From The Border To The Courts .Retrieved November 29, 2014, from Five thirty eight:http://fivethirtyeight.com/datalab/the-unaccompanied-minor-crisis-has-moved-from-the-border-to-the-courts/

Robles,F. (2014, July 4). Waveof Minors on Their Own Rush to Cross Southwest Border.Retrieved November 29, 2014, from NY Times:http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/04/world/americas/wave-of-minors-on-their-own-rush-to-cross-southwest-border.html?_r=0

Scherer,M. (2014, July 14). Boxedin at the Border.Retrieved November 29, 2014, from Time:http://time.com/2972326/boxed-in-at-the-border/