Causesof High Energy Use in Cities and Alternatives
Causesof High level of Energy use in Large Cities
Largecities in the world today are consistently consuming a lot of energyat an unsustainable rate. There are several reasons why cities have acontinued use of non-renewable energy at such high rates. One of thereasons is a continued increase in the population of cities at a ratehigher than the developments in energy production (Harvey,2013).Secondly, industrial growth in the cities has led to the developmentof factories at a rate higher than the sources of energy can sustainthem. This discussion will describe the two causes of high levels ofenergy use and suggest ways of reducing the consumption in thecities.
Higherpopulations in the cities have caused a high level of energy use fordomestic and commercial purposes. The most tragic fact is that mostcities are supplied energy for domestic and commercial use bynon-renewable energy sources. As a result, an increase in populationin the cities causes a strain in the sources of energy that supplythe cities with the non-renewable energy. According to Jupeand Taylor (2007), such astrain is caused by the demand for energy that comes from theresidents. At their homes in the cities, people use energy fromfossil fuel to power their homes, automobiles, cooking and machines.At the same time, people use the same energy sources for poweringmachines and factories at work places.
Theincrease in population in the cities is a direct consequence of themigration of people from the rural areas in the country-side totowns. As people look for jobs in the cities, the populationincreased and domestic demand for energy is increased. At the sametime, corporate bodies and governments develop the urban centers andset administrative and management centers in the cities (Harvey,2013).Therefore, commercial demand for energy is increased as moreadministrative centers and organizations are set around the cities.With these factors in combination, the demand for energy in citiesincrease at a rate higher than the existing sources of energy canprovide.
Inaddition, the industrial process has seen increased industrial growthin cities. Just like corporate bodies, most industries are set aroundthe cities and in urban centers. These industries have heavy demandfor energy that is mostly supplied by the non-renewable sources ofenergy (Jupe& Taylor, 2007). Toworsen the situation, the industries set in the cities do not designalternative sources of energy or adopt greener methods of generatingenergy. Instead, they all depend on the conventional non-renewablesources of energy. As a result, their demand for energy increases asthe city increases in population of people and commercial factories.This increased is mostly higher than the rate at which the sources ofenergy can sustain.
Solutionsto handle the situation
Thesituation created by the high level of energy use in cities can becontrolled by adopting solutions that reduce energy use in urbanareas. One of the recommendations is spreading of business,administrative and industrial centers of large cities in other partsof the country (Cunningham& Cunningham, 2012).The spread of the organizational structure of corporate bodies andadministrative centers of states will lead spread the demand forenergy across the country. As a result, the demand for energy in thecities will reduce to sustainable levels. As a result, the use ofenergy from all sources, especially non-renewable sources willreduce.
Anotherrecommendation is adopting policies that will spread the populationfrom the cities into other parts of the country. One of the policiesis to develop the countryside and rural areas to accommodate thepopulation that is shifting to cities. In addition, location of stateadministrations will attract people to live in small towns in searchfor jobs (Harvey,2013).The adoption of such policies will create a shift in the demand ofenergy from the overwhelmed cities into the unpopulated rural towns.
Thesituation can also be addressed by adopting green alternative sourcesof energy. One of the main sources that could address the situationis the use of renewable energy from sources such as solar and windenergy. According to Grant(2010),renewable sources of energy like solar and wind will generate enoughenergy for a city if adequately adopted for domestic and industrialuse. Solar energy for example, would power homes, thus reducing thedomestic burden on the demand for the non-renewable energy (Grant,2010).
Inaddition, the alternative sources of energy would supplement therenewable sources of energy such as coal and fossil duel. To explorethe benefits further, large cities should develop appropriate plansand policies that require all the commercial establishments toinstall such alternatives (Cunningham& Cunningham, 2012).Moreover, governments should generate and distribute energy from thegreen alternatives for cities.
Inconclusion, the adoption of alternatives to non-renewable energysources is the most appropriate solution to the problem of highenergy use in cities. In addition, governments and nationalorganizations should adopt policies that will spread the populationof cities into rural towns. Through such policies, the demand fornon-renewable will reduce and solve the high dependence on theunsustainable energy sources. More importantly, the alternatives willreduce the high level of use of energy use in large cities.
Cunningham,W.P., & Cunningham, M.A. (2012). ‘SustainableEnergy’. In:Cunningham, W.P. and Cunningham, M.A. (eds) Environmental Science: AGlobal Concern.12th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Grant,G. (2010) ‘Energy:creating an energy efficient landscape with green roofs’.In: Droege, P. et al, (eds.) Climate Design: Design and planning forthe age of climate change. A collection of works from academics andAECOM’s thought leaders.Pt. Reyes Station, Calif: ORO Editions.
Harvey,D. (2013). Energyand the New Reality 1 – Energy Efficiency and the Demand for EnergyServices.New York: Routledge
Jupe,M.A., Taylor, P.C. (2007). "Increasing the energy yield ofgeneration from new and sustainable energy sources". Sustainableenergy14 (2): 37–62