Child development

Childdevelopment

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Changesin familydynamics when a child is born

Theessayexplainshoweverything changeswhena childisborn,wherebythefamilydynamics gothrough remarkablechangesthat directlyaffecteverybody in thehousehold.Everyone in thefamilyis forcedto makeadjustmentsin orderto accommodatethenewborn.Thedynamics affectnewborn,father,mother,siblings andalsomembersof theextendedfamilymembersin thefamily.

Accordingto Puckettet al (2001), thechangesthat affectthenewbornare as a resultof facinga newenvironment.Thebabyis usedto a soundandsafeenvironmentin her mother’swombuntil thedelivery.In theuterus, thebabyobtainsfoodfrom her motherandalsoitis warmandconduciveforher. Whena childisborn,shegoesthrough variouschangessuchas breathingindependently,gettingusedto changingtemperaturesandnewmethodsof feeding.Thebabyisprovidedwith medicalcareandinteractedwith thefamilyto maketheadjustmentsfasterandeasier.

Themotheralsoexperiencesa varietyof changeswhena childisborn.Poole(2004) asserts that themother`srole is very important intheearlystagesof thebabyhenceher adjustmentsare verydifficult.Womengothrough radicalhormonal changeswhentheyare pregnant.After delivery,their bodiesneedto resumethestatethat wastherebefore pregnancy.Thiscausesfluctuationof hormones resultingin depressionas wellas moodswings.In additional,themothergetscompletelytiredas a resultof feedingandcaringforthebabiesallthetimeandsomanythingstheyhaveto dealwith.Theylackenoughnutritionas wellas sleeptheyrequire.

Thefartherto thenewbornexperiencesvariouschangesafter a childis bornandis requiredto adjust.According to Dupont and Renaud (2012), thefatherwhois usedto gettingall theattentionfrom themothermay feelleftout since themotherhas to caterforthenewbornmostof thetime.Makinglovethat isconsideredabasicneedby manyfathersbecomesa problem.Thisis madedifficultby since themotherfeelexhaustedandregularinterruptionswhenthechildcrieswhenthere thefathergetsa chanceto spendwith his wife.Thefathermay be requiredto domostof thechaossince themotherhas to takecareof thechild.

Siblingsare facedwith differentchallengeswhena childisborn.According to Dickey et al (2006), mostsiblings especiallytheyoungonesspendmostof thetimewith their mothers.Themotherdoesalmosteverything forthem includingwashingandbathing. Thesechangesimmediatelythechildis bornwhereeverything revolvesaround thenewborn.Siblings are expectedto spendmostof thetimewithout their motherandalsodoassistin otherresponsibilitieslike cooking.Siblings, therefore,needto be guidedin thisprocessof adjustment.Membersof extendedfamilyalsoexperiencechangeswhena childisbornin a family.Visitingeachothermay becomedifficult.Itbecomesevendifficultto eattogethersince thebabyrequiresmother’sattentionmostof thetime.Membersof extendedfamilymay are expectedto offerassistancewherenecessary.

Conclusion

Whena childisborn,allfamilymembersgothrough adjustmentsto accommodatetheneedsandrequirementsof theyoungchild. Mostfamilymembersexperienceproblemstryingto adjustto thesechangessince theyare not usedto them. Thenewbornalsohas problemswith thenewenvironmentshe/heis not usedto andis expectedto donewthingslike breathingindependently.Thesechangesare affectingcallforadjustmentsto welcomethenewbornin thefamily.Allfamilymembersshould prepareforgreatchangesthat directlyaffectthem. Theyshould shareresponsibilitiesteachingothers howto welcomeandlivewith thenewbaby.

References

Dickey,S. B., Greenberg, C. S., &amp Bowden, V. R. (2006). Childrenand their families: The continuum of care.Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams &amp Wilkins.

Dupont,M., &amp Renaud, J.-P. (2012). Siblings:Social adjustments, interaction, and family dynamics.Hauppauge, N.Y: Nova Science Publisher`s.

Puckett,M. B., Black, J. K., &amp Black, J. K. (2001). Theyoung child: Development from prebirth through age eight.Upper Saddle River, N.J: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Poole,M. (2004). Family:Changing families, changing times.Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen &amp Unwin.