Therelationship between political and social inclusion and socialcohesion and stability

Thelegal system of any country/state has direct impact on commerce. Astable and well governed legal system provides an effectiveenvironment for businesses and innovation to thrive. The contemporaryworld strives to achieve commercial prowess but turbulence in thelegal system acts not only as a deterrent but also as an obstacle.There is a lot to learn from the Roman Empire stemming frompolitical stability and social inclusion to social cohesion andstability. The legacy that was left behind by rulers in the RomanEmpire transcends to the present day only that most historians andanalysts tend to focus on the dark side of the era.

Prof.Andrew Wallace-Hadrill (2011) explores the paradox which is thepicture that the Roman Empire is presented as in the present world.Hadrill (2011) observes that the invasion of the Romans into Europeleft behind a firm foundation where the modern has been built from.In a bid to substantiate his thesis, Hadrill (2011) explores theimportance that a strong political and legal system had on thesuccess of the Empire. In a comparison of the “good” and the“bad” rulers of the time, it is arguably true that the so-calledruthless were more successful than the rest at least economicallyspeaking. At the time when bureaucracy was slowly diminishing waswhen there was bigger success. Owing to the increasing rate ofgranting the masses with citizenship and the manumission of slaves,there was more social cohesion (Hope,2011).It was no longer amusing that the masses and the senators wouldinteract freely, to the extent where the normal citizen would wearthe purple robes.

TheRoman Empire was able to bring together people from diverse culture.The Empire covered the larger part of Europe, parts of Asia and NorthAfrica this must have been a big deal of diverse beliefs,traditions, cultures and norms(Wallace-Hadrill, 2011).However, the administration sought to find a common ground for thereto be social stability. The modern world ought to buy from the RomanEmpire social cohesion and political stability are very healthyingredients in commerce.


Pragmatismis a wide field in philosophy. For the purpose of this discussion,the concept of pragmatism will be restricted to the global marketplace. My main argument is that pragmatism is a good school ofthought but can have disastrous outcomes when it is appliedexcessively.

Inthe global market, business people have focused their energy indetermining “what works” at least for their success. It is absurdthat the modern commercial world is focused on capitalism. Creationand accumulation of wealth has been the norm. It is the fact thatpeople use to determine “what works.” To better explain myargument I will use the examples of global marketing strategies.Companies and other big businesses are willing to go to any extentsto sell their products their promotion techniques are overwhelming.In order to get people into buying a specific brand of vehiclescompanies are going to the lengths of using obscene ads on televisionand over the internet. Humans will always be humans these marketingstrategies work on them. They are attracted to such explicit content.For the promoting company, it works for them they make huge sales.

Thequestion of whether pragmatism is really effective then pops up. Inthe above example, the excessive use of pragmatism has overriddenethical and social standards in the name of making things work. In myopinion pragmatism should be regulated an evaluation of the pros andcons is critical. When one gets medication that heals their currentcondition, there also ought to be considerations for the side effectsthat could cause future problems.

Allthis is depicted by the Roman rule where excessive application ofpragmatism led to the loss of the masses from execution of slaves andpersecution of people owing to their religious affiliations therewas social discord(Wallace-Hadrill, 2011).However, as time passed by, and with the slow decline of bureaucracy,the results were positive.


Hope,V. (2011). BBC- History – Ancient History in depth: Social Pecking Order in theRoman 16 November 2014, from

Wallace-Hadrill,A. (2011). BBC- History – Ancient History in depth: Roman Empire: The Paradox 16 November 2014, from