advance in a state. This aspect is even made more complex by thediverse and heterogeneous nature of the society. The existence ofvarious types of people from varying cultural backgrounds, races andreligions make it extremely difficult for governments to exercisedemocracy. There are often conflicts over resources, ideologies andpower amongst the various groups or elements which hamper democracy.
Plurality has also been cited as a notion that implies that there isdemocracy whereas there is no democracy. Plurality encourages the useof various powerful groups or institutions to influence decisionmaking processes and policy making processes for their own interests.The majority of the people who democracy should serve hardlyparticipates in the policy making process. The representatives thatare elected after garnering plurality votes are not representing theviews of the majority but of a few people in society. It is clear inthis regard that the policy making process is in the hands of a fewpeople and therefore not democratic.
Different types of people such as race, tribe, language andethnicity will exhibit varying interests and desires when livingtogether in a society. The government cannot satisfy the demands anddesires of every person or every group. Therefore, when the needs ofsome groups are not met, the process of democracy fails. In instanceswhere one group has numbers and is dominant over the other, theminority group feels oppressed and therefore cannot agree with thepolicies of the government. There are a few solutions that have beenput forward by scholars that would ensure that democracy thrives inplurality, diverse and heterogeneous societies. Inclusion,redistribution and equality are vital elements that must be upheld inorder to enhance democracy.