Differencesand similarities between philosophies of Booker T. Washington andW.E.B Du Bois
Inlate nineteenth and early twentieth century, Booker T. Washington andW.E.B Du Bois were great leaders of the black community. However,they had different views on education, strategies for the blacksocial, work, political, and economic progress. Booker T Washingtonwas a reformer, educator, and the most prominent black leader duringhis time. He advocated the philosophy of racial solidarity,self-help, and accommodation. He persuaded the black to ignore anykind of discrimination that they faced, but work hard for materialprosperity. According to him, there was no shame in manual labor aslong as there is payment. He urged the African to acquire educationespecially in crafts, cultivation of virtues of patience, farming andindustrial skills, enterprise, and thrifts. He believed that once theAfrican acquire education, they would also win respect from thewhites hence, they would accept them as citizen and integrate themin the strata of society. According to Washington, one school ofthought is better suited to advance the Africa-American community inthe south. He based his argument on the bases that the best way forthe blacks to gain equal social rights was through industry,intelligence, thrift, and property.
Onthe other hand, W. E. B. Du Bois was a scholar, political leader, anda towering black intellectual. He was against Washington’sphilosophies and believed they were just to propagate the whiteoppression. On his side, Du Bois advocated for civil rights agendaand political action. In addition, he reasoned that social changecould only be effective by developing a group of college-educatedblack, which he called “The Talented Tenth.” Contrary to BookerT., Du Bois believed the blacks should not limit themselves on manuallabor, but should acquire education so that they would beacknowledged as full citizens. He was against the idea ofaccommodation, and believed the African American would achieveeconomic and social equalitythrough political equality.