DRUGS AND CRIME 8
Introduction – this will cover the following parts
I.Explanation of the topic selected and justification for selecting it
II.Explanation of the major ideas and issues that will be pursued andinvestigated
III.Importance, assumptions and purpose of the paper
Literature Analysis – this will provide different information as presented in other studies concerning the subject matter
Connection of Drugs with Crime – this will discuss the relationship that exists between the use of drugs and crime
Conclusion – this will provide information concerning what should be concluded from the literature concerning the topic and available data. Besides, this will present the main ideas discussed in the paper
Drugsare usually associated with crime in various ways. In the most directmanner, drugs are linked to crime since it is a crime to possess,use, distribute, or manufacture drugs that are classified to have apotential for abuse. For example, drugs such as amphetamines,marijuana, heroin and cocaine are usually classified as drugs thatpossess abuse content. Besides, drugs are usually related to crimesthrough their effects on the conduct of the user. For example, theaddiction of drugs may lead to criminal behavior the use ofprohibited drugs has been associated with robbery, rape, theft, motorvehicle offenses, arson, and assault cases (Bennettet al, 2005). The reason for selecting this topic is to find outwhether there is a connection amid drugs and crimes. This topic waschosen because it is of importance to the society. Throughunderstanding the relationship amid drugs and crime, it would bepossible for the society to take the necessary steps in alleviatingcrimes. For instance, in case there is a connection amid drugs andcrime, the society can control the use of drugs in order to assuagethe crime levels this justifies the need for the selection of thetopic.
Thetopic of drugs and crime is of importance since it can help in publicadministration, where the conclusion on the topic can be used inpolicy making. For example, policies on combating crime can be madethrough concentrating on the control of drugs, when it emerges thatdrugs have a connection to crimes. Besides, the knowledge on thetopic is important because it can be used by researchers in carryingout further investigations in the future. The assumptions that willbe made in this paper are that researches conducted on drugs andcrimes are true and valid and drugs are associated with crime. Thepurpose of this paper is to indicate that there is a relationshipbetween drugs and crime.
Theconnection amid drugs and crime has been ignored in the developmentof policies that can help in the alleviation of crime. Differentstudies indicate that there is a relationship between drugs andcrime. Individuals that use drugs have a likelihood of committingcrimes. After using drugs, drug users may become bold enough to dothings that they cannot do, when not under the influence of drugs.Drugs tend to give individuals an inner drive of committing crime.For instance, after using marijuana, some individuals becomevulnerable to committing crimes such as robbery, rape, and assault.This emanates from the inner force that people gain that controlstheir conduct.
Accordingto Arrestee Drug abuse Monitoring Program (1999), a research carriedout in 35 cities in a 1998 survey indicated that between 40% and 80%of the male arrestees that participated in the program testedpositive for using at least one drug during the arrest time. Thisprogram helped in indicating that a vast number of individuals thatbecome arrested will have their records showing a connection betweendrugs and the crimes they have committed (Bennettet al, 2005).
Accordingto the Bureau of Justice Statistics (1991), amid Federal and stateprison inmates, 27% of the prisoners serving robbery sentences and30% to 32% of inmates serving burglary sentences, commit offenses inorder to purchase drugs. Because of drug addiction and lack of meansto sustain their behavior, individuals result in committing crimes inorder to obtain resources that they can use in buying drugs. Thisalso indicates a connection between drugs and crime. Besides, Bureauof Justice (1997) indicates that around 22% of the Federal prisoninmates and 33% of State prison inmates that were convicted ofrobbery, motor vehicle theft, or burglary, were under the influenceof drugs during the time of committing the offenses (Allen &Barkley, 2002). According to the National Victimization Survey(2000), 70% of the cases in which a victim contributed an opinion,31% believed that the offenders were under the influence of alcoholor other drugs.
Inaddition, according to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drugdependence (NCADD), 80% of offenders are involved in abusing drugs oralcohol and approximately 60% of persons arrested for crimes usuallytest positive for using illegal drugs during the time of arrest.Furthermore, almost 50% of the individuals serving sentences inprison indicate that they are clinically addicted.
Connectionsof Drugs with Crime
Thereare different ways through which drugs are connected to crimes. Oneof the ways through which drugs can be connected to crime entails theafter effect of using drugs in committing crimes (Siegel,2012). Most individuals involved in crimes usually test positive forat least one drug during the time of crimes. This is an indicationthat there is a high probability of individuals that use drugs toengage in crimes. This link becomes established because after usingdrugs, individuals get an inner drive that gives them the urge to beinvolved in crimes. For example, after taking drugs, individuals arelikely to become violent. Such violence can lead to one engaging in acrime that he/she did not intend to commit. Although not all drugusers become violent after taking illegal drugs, a vast number islikely to become violent and engage in a crime (Carson &Golinelli, 2013). Besides, after using illegal drugs, someindividuals make ill-informed decisions that may lead to crimes. Forexample, after using illegal drugs, a person may see no harm in usinga weapon to harm others such an act can result in a major crime. Anindividual may behave this way because his/her capacity of makinggood decisions becomes affected by the drugs. This establishes aconnection amid drugs and crime.
Onthe other hand, there is a connection between drugs and crimes sincesome individuals tend to commit crimes in order to obtain drugs(Hammersley,2008). Individuals, who are addicted to illegal drugs, may lackresources that they can use in buying the drugs that they use. Insuch a scenario, these individuals are left with hobnobs choice ofengaging in crimes so as to facilitate the purchasing of the drugs.These individuals may be hired to commit a crime or they maythemselves engage in crimes, where they are themselves initiators ofthe decision (Allen,2007). In both cases, individuals hope that they will obtainresources that they can use in purchasing the drugs. Therefore,addiction of illegal drugs may lead individuals to engage in a crimethis also depicts the relationship between the use of drugs andcrime. In addition, there is a connection between drugs and crimesince the use, manufacture, and distribution of illegal drugsconstitute a crime in itself.
Fromthe data that has been collected from the various studies and cases,there is an indication that drugs are usually related to crime. Forinstance, according to the Bureau of Justice (1997), around 22% ofthe Federal prison inmates and 33% of State prison inmates that wereconvicted of robbery, motor vehicle theft, or burglary were under theinfluence of drugs during the time of committing the offenses.Besides, according to the National Victimization Survey (2000), 70%of the cases in which a victim contributed an opinion, 31% believedthat the offenders were under the influence of alcohol or otherdrugs. These statistics indicate that there is a relationship betweendrugs and crime. One of the ways through which drugs can be connectedto crime entails the after effect of using drugs in committingcrimes. This link becomes established because after using drugs,individuals get an inner drive that gives them the urge to beinvolved in crimes. Besides, after using illegal drugs, someindividuals make ill-informed decisions that may lead to individualsengaging in crimes. On the other hand, there is a relationshipbetween drugs and crimes since some individuals tend to commit crimesin order to obtain drugs. Individuals, who are addicted to illegaldrugs, may lack resources that they can use the drugs that they use.In such a scenario, these individuals are left with an alternative ofengaging in crimes so as to facilitate the buying of the drugs. It iscritical to understand the relationship amid drugs and crime becauseit can help in making important policies for example, the knowledgecan be used in making policies that assuage crimes.
Allen,C. (2007). Crime,drugs and social theory: A phenomenological approach.Aldershot, England: Ashgate.
Allen,C. and Barkley, D. 2002. `Housing for offenders: The role ofunderstanding relationships in "Supporting People`", ProbationJournal,49(4), pp. 267-76.
Bennett,T., Holloway, K., & Dawson Books. (2005). Understandingdrugs, alcohol and crime.Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Carson,E.A. & Golinelli, D. (2013). Bureau of Justice Statistics:PrisonersIn 2012: Trends In Admissions And Releases, 1991-2012 (Revised).
Hammersley,R. (2008). Drugsand crime: Theories and practices.Cambridge: Polity.
NationalCouncil on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (n.d). Drugsand Crime.Retrieved from https://ncadd.org/learn-about-drugs/drugs-and-crime
Siegel,L. J. (2012). Criminology.Belmont: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.