Economicand Political Changes
Theyear 1939 was, arguably, one of the most defining years in thehistory of humanity. This is particularly with regard to the factthat it was the year when the holocaust occurred in the much broadercontext of second world war. The invasion of Poland by Germany 1stSeptember and the conquering of a large proportion of Europe by theNazi Germany in the next year undoubtedly took the Second World Warto a completely different level. Needless to say, numerous changeshave taken place since the 1939, not only in the United States but inthe international arena as a whole.
Oneof the major developments after 1939 was the development of thecreation of sphere of influence by the Soviet Union as a politicalfact within the eastern Europe nations. The sphere of influenceunderlines a claim by a nation to predominant and exclusive controlover a foreign territory or area. Of particular note is the fact thatother countries may or may not recognize the sphere of influence(GantzelandTorsten39). The taking up of the countries eastern of Europe was Russia’sway of averting the possibility of facing an invasion ever again as aresult of the immense losses that the country had suffered in theWW2. On the other hand, the United States and Britain rued theprospects of having another dictator controlling Europe and fearedthat Stalin would not offer Eastern Europe people the best policy.This may have played a key role in kick starting the Cold War thatwas to take over almost the entire second half of the 20thcentury.
Inaddition, there was the formation of NATO (North Atlantic TreatyOrganization) an intergovernmental military alliance founded on theNorth Atlantic Treaty that was crafted and signed in April 1949. Thisentity incorporated a collective defense system in which the memberstates would defend each other in case of aggression from an externalentity. Initially, the organization had 12 members but has sincegrown to incorporate 28 members today. Its membership remains open toany European state that has the capacity to enhance the Treaty’sprinciples and contribute to the North Atlantic area’s security(GantzelandTorsten54). Of particular note is the fact that as much as NATO remainscommitted to the resolution of disputes in a peaceful manner, itincorporates the military capabilities that are necessary for crisismanagement operations (Chafe43). Indeed, the military arm has been seen taking charge in areassuch as Iraq, Libya and Syria among other Arab countries in thecontemporary human society.
Onthe same note, there was the fall of the Soviet Union and the tearingdown of the iron curtain in the early 90s, which marked the end ofcommunism in the globe. This marked the place of the United States asthe unilateral power in the entire globe seeing as its onlycompetitor and match had disintegrated (GantzelandTorsten56). The fall of the Soviet Union also meant that the free marketeconomies would be adopted in a large number of countries or ratherthe capitalism of the market. In spite of the changes and theemergence of the United States as the ultimate power, other countrieshave come up to wrestle with the United States in varied frontsincluding economic front (Chafe47). This is especially the case for China whose economic power todayis a force to reckon with.
Chafe,William H. TheUnfinished Journey: America Since World War Ii.New York [u.a.: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print.
Gantzel,Klaus J, and Torsten Schwinghammer. WarfareSince the Second World War.New Brunswick: Transaction, 2000. Print.