EgyptianFunerary Architecture Evolution
Inthe pre-dynastic period, the funerary architecture of the Egyptianswas dictated by the social class and the religious practices. In theancient Badari culture of the pre-dynastic period, simple oval pitgraves were used with no architectural features. This was common forthe peasants and the graves were plain surfaced. However, the kingsand upper class had their graves covered with woven branches thatwere knit to make a roof. In addition, the pre-dynastic burials ofkings developed to make coffins from clay or woven wood. During theNaganda kingdoms, the Egyptians started burying the nobility inpottery vessels and in rectangular pits.
Duringthe preceding periods such as the funeral practices changed, but thedifferences in their application remained dictated by the socialclass. For instance, during the Pharaoh periods and the laterkingdoms, the peasants still continues to bury the dead in the sameway they did during the pre-dynastic period. However, the kings andthe upper class started to build Mastabas, which developed to befuneral structures. The evolution of more sophisticated funeralarchitecture developed from the simple mastabas.
Thenext stage was the development of step pyramids that housed graves ofthe dead kings such as King Djoser. The tombs were also decorated andplaced with the statue of the dead person. For the nobility class,the tombs were built with cabins and utility tools that they coulduse in the afterlife as it was believed. However, for the lower classof citizens, they used simple funerary art such as theshabti figurines,scrap beetles and the books they had used. In general, they includedthe arts and items that they believed would protect the dead in thelife after death.