Empirical Research as a Foundation for Scholarly Research and Writing.

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EmpiricalResearch as a Foundation for Scholarly Research and Writing.

Thearticle taken into consideration here is “observing bullying atschool and The Mental Health Implications of Witness Status.Thearticle is by a group of authors. They are Ian Rivers, NathalieNoret, Paul Poteat and Nigel Ashurst. The article was written in theyear 2009 and published in the school psychology journal.

Thearticle begins with an abstract that is made up of a number ofsegments. In the abstract, they state the purpose of the study thatis to analyze the implications of bullying on the witnesses. Theabstract also contains other important aspect which is the scope ofthe study that is to be carried out. The authors state theirparameters of the study on page 211 where they state that the studywill involve 2,002 students ranging between 12 to 16 years. Theauthors, however fail to show the rationale for the study in theirabstract.

Inthe introduction, the hypothesis question is presented on page 212.The key terms in the work include bullying, observer, and witness.The authors also undertake some literature review on page 211. Thepopulation sample in the study is described on page 213. It focuseson the participants involved in the study. Data collection proceduresand methods were also shown on pages 213 and 214. The authors clarifythat 14 schools were invited to take part in the study.

Theauthors also give a narration of the findings that were realized bythe study and the procedures. They addressed the common studentconcerns. The other aspect that the authors covered was the resultsof the research. The findings were not presented graphically sincethe authors opted for tabulated data. The data was put in table formto show the relationship between the different variables. The datainformation was analyzed, and an explanation was offered on page 215.A discussion of the data was also done on page 217.

Inconcluding, the authors stated conclusions that are related to thehypothesis on page 220. They explain the identification of the roleand effects of the witness status. The authors also pose questionsfor future research, and that ison page 221. The authors did not failto include the references. The references are on page 222.

References.

Rivers,I., Noret, N., Poteat, P., &amp Ashurst, N. (2009, January 1).Observing Bullying at School and The Mental Health Implications ofWitness Status. Retrieved December 3, 2014, fromhttp://www.google.com/url?sa=t&amprct=j&ampq=&ampesrc=s&ampsource=web&ampcd=9&ampved=0CF8QFjAI&ampurl=http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/spq-24-4-211.pdf&ampei=AxJ_VLbcOc7xaoibgLgM&ampusg=AFQjCNFGQaKhtGPOvDg9EcYR-PvGXWufjw&ampsig2=qmz5pFBsUCl9E-yGgE4zYA