Film Genres


1.What are the key components and development milestones integratedwith the action and adventure films?

Traditionally,action and adventure films featured renegade cops, pirates, spies,and outlaws. The villains are in turn portrayed as they escape fromvarious forms of danger. In 1945, action movies often containedstraightforward storylines, loud music, quick editing and volatileaction. By 1950s, action scenes were significant in many film genres,including, World War II movies. In the 1960s, censorship regulationsrelaxed thereby, allowing incorporation of violent scenes. In 1970s,the action genre was characterized by solo stars performing personalstunts, mainly involving motorbike and car chases. Steve McQueen isone of the famous stars that helped in popularizing thesecharacteristics in Hollywood. In the 1980s, actors such as Bruce Leepopularized the significance of hand to hand combat. As a result,many Hollywood stars were muscled characters such as ArnoldSchwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone. The movies containedoccasional explosive action and complex story lines. The use ofdeadly armaments such as guns, tanks, and automatic weapons increasedin 1980s’ action films. Holywood films adopted physical combat.However, action films reached another development level in 1990s(Giannetti, 1982). The inception of advanced cameras that could filmin various angles and computer generated graphics made action filmssynonymous with complex stunts. Realistic computer effects, such asthe stunts in terminator II makes previously impossible actions suchas the melting of the terminator into liquid and then rising from theremains possible. Presently, realistic computer graphics is making itpossible for action films to incorporate complex graphics andtechnologies (Action and adventure, 2006).

2.Aredocumentary movies based on facts or fiction?

Documentaryfilms are normally based on facts. In the 1920s, they were mainlymade with the intention of capturing significant moments orcriticizing certain subjects. For example, directors useddocumentaries to portray World War I and the Great depression usingphotographs or drawn portraits. From the late 1920s to the early1930s, the directors incorporated interviews, background descriptionand carefully edited interview words to deliver the desired message.In the 1950s, documentary films settings changed significantly. Inboth USA and Canada, the “Direct Cinema” approach includedoccasionally planned interruption during shooting. On the other hand,France’s “cinéma-vérité style” included occasional interviewinterruptions with knowledgeable persons towards the subject(Giannetti, 1982). Since 1950s, documentaries are widely used foreducational purposes. The directors collect information from diversesources that can contribute towards giving more sense to a givenfilm. For example, Humphrey Jennings (1943) “Fire Was Started”portrays a blaze in London that was reconstructed for the cameras.The significance of the movie is providing education towards a givensubject. From 1990s, the quality of documentary films hassignificantly improved as most of them feature raw footage of actualevents. Besides, computer graphics and editing makes it easier toenhance the events using realistic graphics (Documentaries, 2006).

3.Whatare the main characteristics of the western movies?

Accordingto the “Chambers Film factfinder”, Western Films are Americanmovies. The Americans solely used the movies in rewriting theirhistory. The early western films often portrayed gun-wieldingfighters shooting from a horseback. The source asserts that NativeAmericans were often portrayed negatively until 1950s decade whenmovies such as the Broken Arrow began portraying the natives in apositive aspect. Nonetheless, the traditionally western movies becameobsolete by 1960s as the movies from Europe films introduced the“Spaghetti westerns”. American Hollywood began making graphicallycritical and violent movies to impress the youths (Giannetti, 1982).Many actors in western genre movies in the 1940s and 1950s decadeportrayed the characters as plain drifters. Modern western films arestill based on heroism, violence, and gunfights. However, the realismand complexity of movie stunts has significantly improved as thedirectors can use either advanced editing techniques and or computergraphics to enhance star movements. An example of a western classicfilm is the Clint Eastwoods’ (1992) “Unforgiven” movie. Ittells of a retired killer who returns to killing business withintention of avenging an abused commercial sex worker, as well asreinstate order (Westerns, 2006).

4.Howhave romantic movies developed within the last one century?

Thesource asserts that since the early times, romance films featuresphysically attractive persons. The scenes are common in action,western and even geographical movies. However, there are alsoentirely romance movies that contain inventive storylines based onlove. Prior to 1940s, romance movies mainly featured comic activitiesas lovers incorporated humor. Film censorship reduced drastically inthe 1940s. However, explicit nudity never gained popularity in thebig screen media. In fact, viewers prefer romantic films that portraylove and even coitus action without revealing the actors’ nudity.Movies that display the private parts or incorporate too much nudityare rated as pornographic, which is not a genre of romantic movies(Giannetti, 1982). Modern romance movies often include complex andinspirational storylines revolving around love matters. In sectionswhere the genre is representing women, the storyline is often poorlywritten. An example of a classic romantic film with an impressivestoryline is Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s 2001 Amelie movie that features aParisian girl who is devoted to solving other people’s maritalissues. On the other hand, she remains single and unable to sort outher relationship problem (Romance, 2006).


Actionand adventure. (2006). In: Chambers Film Factfinder.

Documentaries.(2006). In: Chambers Film Factfinder.

Romance.(2006). In: Chambers Film Factfinder.

Westerns.(2006). In: Chambers Film Factfinder.

Giannetti,L. (1982). Understanding movies. Englewood Cliffs (N.J.:Prentice-Hall.