FRACKING IS HARMING THE EARTH 4
Frackingis Harming the Earth
Frackingis Harming the Earth
Frackingis a method employed to harvest natural gases that exists in theearth core. Also known as hydraulic fracturing, fracking useschemicals to crack the shale of rocks of the earth core so as toreach the oil and gas that lies thousands of feet below. While theprocess has been utilized over time, hydraulic fracturing hasnegative effects on the surface of the earth. The process ofhydraulic fracturing has serious harms on the earth, from the use ofgases with health risks to serious environmental impacts ofthreatening ground water. It is because of the effects and impacts ofthe process that lead to the assertion that hydraulic fracturing isharmful to the earth.
Thefirst main harm of hydraulic fracturing of the earth is thecontamination of the ground water. According to Hollowayand Rudd (2013),hydraulic fracturing liquid used in the process could contaminate theground water for future use. Even though much of the fracking wateris removed from the earth core to the surface as wastewater, some ofit finds its way to the ground water (Holloway& Rudd, 2013).In addition, the waste water contains some chemicals that are used tofacilitate the hydraulic fracturing process. These chemicals pollutethe natural set up of the earth`s ecosystem and the undergroundwater. This threat is because millions of liters of the frackingliquid containing chemicals are released into the ground to break thesale of earth rocks.
Moreover,hydraulic fracturing leads to the potential threat from radioactivematerials from the earth core. This happens due to the removal ofsuch radioactive materials as contained in the waste water that comesfrom the hydraulic fracturing process (Obo,2013). This wastewater is exposed to the environment through the holdingponds that sometimes leak or overflow to the surrounding. Thenaturally occurring radioactive contents and metals are harmful tothe environment in the surface of the earth (Weinhold, 2012). Thosewho live near the areas where hydraulic fracturing is done areexposed to these risks that may affect their health. They end updrinking water that is polluted by these underground contents.Moreover, pollution of water catchment areas leads to health risks tomillions of the population in cities who use the water from suchcatchments.
Thehydraulic fracturing process leads to global warming and greenhouseeffects due to the release of methane gas. The natural gas that isreleased contains methane, a gas that is more potent than othergreenhouse gases. According to Weinhold (2012), methane contained inthe natural gas is twenty times more harmful in terms of thegreenhouse effect. The hydraulic fracturing process also leads to theproduction of other gases like benzene, hydrogen sulfide and carbondioxide, which have potential harmful effects to the environment(Weinhold, 2012). These gases are suspected to increase the riskfactors for respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases amongother health effects.
Whilethere is argument that the economic benefits of hydraulic fracturingare significant to the economy, the negative impacts of the processare increasingly high. With the pollution of the earth core andground water, there are health risks to the future use of such water.Moreover, the exposure of natural radioactive chemicals and materialsfrom the earth cores to the environmental risks the balance of theecosystem. Through the hydraulic fracturing process, most watersources are polluted, leading to health hazards. These effects of themethod make fracking a harmful process to the mother earth.
Holloway,M.D., & Rudd, O. (2013). Fracking:The Operations and Environmental Consequences of HydraulicFracturing.New York: Wiley and Sons
Obo,O. (2013). HydraulicFracturing (Fracking): Procedures, Issues, and Benefits.New York: Okon publisher
Weinhold,B. (2012). The Future of Fracking. EnvironmentalHealth Perspectives, 120 (7),A272-A279.