FromNew Era to Great Depression Analysis
Thenew era to the Great Depression period lasted between 1920 and 1932.According to the readings, American underwent drastic development inpolitical, financial and social fields. Although the readings arebased on excerpts recorded by different authors, they emphasize onthe significance of education and aggressiveness (Johnson 143). Theauthors portray individuals faced by obstacle that they strive toovercome. For example, Margaret Sanger marketed family planningclinics despite high resistance and imprisonment threat to desperatewomen that were seeking to control their birth rates (Johnson 157).Historians describe 1920s as an era of great economy prosperity anddevelopment, although several underlying factors threateneddevelopment of the nation. In fact, majority of the forces thatplayed a major role in shaping the United States, such asindustrialism, were established in the 1920s era (Johnson 147).
EdwardEarle Purinton describes business as the world’s savior. He arguesthat the success a business attains is directly proportional to theprice that an individual pays in terms price and effort. America’ssuccess and emergence as a superpower can then be associated withsmart business development in the first half of the twentiethcenturies as the then superpowers such as USSR and Britain wereplanning wars. The author emphasizes on the power of determination,hard work, resilience and knowledge in order to become successful inlife (Johnson 146). These values formed the American lifestylephilosophy in the 1920s that later propelled it to become the world’ssuperpower economy.
Accordingto Purinton, business is the fairest religion, fullest education,fairest opportunity and cleanest philanthropy. He also asserts thatbusiness changes the status quo. It can harness a dreamer, reform thereformers and superintend a statesman (Johnson 145). I agree with theauthor because the United States was established after powerfulstates such as United Kingdom, Italy and France. However, the countryexcelled in business and effective policies that helped it to becomethe world’s superpower. It can superintend previous superpowerssuch as the Great Britain and offer advice and economic supportbecause the nation invested a lot of time, resources and effort inbusiness development.
Thechurch has a significant role of ensuring that every communityexercises equity and society morals. However, Reinhold Niebuhrcriticizes the church as it was taking a neutral position in the1920s era. He claims that preachers ignored many shortcomings of thewealthy faithful during the industrialization era, especiallyregarding labor issues (Johnson 150). Niebuhr’s church descriptionin the 1920s is replicated in the modern faiths. Several preachersmaintain followers by ignoring the dark life of the influentialbelievers. Besides, they praise and allow influential persons in thesociety an opportunity to address congregations of faithful peopledespite that they may know of public issues that contrast with thechurch morals. Preachers readily welcome the wealthy and influentialpersons in order to benefit from their contributions. Unfortunately,several ministers neither understand nor address problems oppressingthe poor faithful as they rarely allocate time for listening andinvestigating the real problems affecting them. The complacency ofpreachers that compromises their mandate to fight for the poor in thecontemporary churches was present even in the 1920s,
HiramW. Evans asserts that the Ku Klux Klan’s intention was establishingpolicies that could protect the interest of the Americans (Johnson153). The Klan had reason to restrict persons settling in the UnitedStates because some just wanted to enjoy the good life the Americanshad struggled to achieve. For example, many immigrants who hadsettled in the United States changed loyalty during the World War II(Johnson 154). They refused to participate in the war as Americans.Instead, they supported their countries that they had originallydeserted. This made it important for the US to have a screeningmethod that would ensure that the immigrants were loyal to the UnitedStates (Johnson 155). USA’s reputation classifies it as a wealthy,healthy, friendly and comfortable place to live, which makes manypeople desire to migrate into the country. Unfortunately, the nationhas learned to restrict people coming to the country in order toavoid welcoming malicious people with no patriotism. For example,some of the extremists involved in the 911 attacks in the US wereliving in the US as students and immigrants. Ku Klux Klan hadforeseen the danger of letting people get into the country as theypleased (Johnson 155). Besides, the US has a tradition of coachingthe elite in the society, such as people with innovation skills. Thefundamental principles that ruled the original Ku Klux Klan werelegitimate and still embraced in the American society. For example, aperson can only enter the United States if he or she does not haveconvincing reasons for visiting the country.
Insummary, the authors portray the 1920s as the foundational years forestablishing principles that shaped the U.S.A’s future success. Thedouble standards in the society also led to the formation ofmovements that lobbied for the rights of a racial minority.
Johnson,Michael P. Readingthe American Past: Selected Historical Documents.Boston: Bedford/St. Martin`s, 2012. Print.