GENDER INEQUALITY AMONG SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 7
GenderInequality among Specific Populations
GenderInequality among Specific Populations
Genderinequality is experienced in different forms in the society. Forinstance, in most of the countries, women are paid less than men forsimilar work done. Moreover, women have access to fewer educationalopportunities while men hold more professional positions compared towomen. Accordingly, men and women are not at the same level. Genderinequality is also experienced in specific populations.
GenderEquality in LGBT
TheLGBT community still faces challenges with regard to being acceptedin society. There are two groups of homosexuals, gay men and gaywomen otherwise referred to as lesbians. Within the LGBT community,gender inequality is experienced. For instance, among the Filipinopeople, gay men have been accepted and they are associated withstaying funny. Consequently, they are seen in TV displays, comedyflicks and other kinds of entertainment. In cinema, they play therole of supporting laughter. On the other hand, gay women stay in thecloset because culture expects them to find a perfect man, bearchildren and make a home(Nooradini, 2012).In other countries like China, lesbianism is considered to bereligious. Therefore, the Chinese society is more tolerant of gaywomen in comparison the gay women. Subsequently, the level ofacceptance depends whether the homosexuals are male or female. Insome societies, gay men are accepted and live a normal life while inother, gay women are accepted and men rejected.
GenderInequality and Disability
Genderinequality is also experienced among people with disabilities. Forinstance, the global literacy rate for all adults with disabilitiesis as low as 3 percent. However, that of women with disabilities is 1percent. The probability of men with disabilities getting employed istwice that of women with disabilities. Women and girls withdisabilities are also prone to gender based violence. The reason whythe gender gap exists between men and women with disabilities isbecause of the invisibility of girls and women with disabilities atwork. Developments and rights with respect to disability do notgender into account. Women with disabilities face doublediscrimination. The first is due to their disability and the secondis because of their gender(Yee, 2011).
GenderInequality in Mental Health
Inequalityin mental health means unequal distribution of factors that protector promote positive health. Inequality also means unequaldistribution of factors that cause detrimental effects on mentalhealth. With regard to determinants of mental health, women are moredisadvantaged because they are more exposed to detrimental factors.Women suffer higher levels of unemployment and lower levels ofeducation. These two are determinants of mental health(World Health Organization, n.d).Women are also the most affected by gender based violence and otherforms of violence hence more prone to mental health conditions.Accordingly, the rate developing depression during adult life is 3-4times higher in women who suffer physical partner violence or sexualabuse in adult life. In the same context, 1 in 3 women who are rapedare will develop post traumatic stress disorder. Subsequently, womenare more susceptible to mental poor mental health compared to men(World Health Organization, n.d).
Genderinequality is also reflected in research. The relationship betweenthe reproductive function of women in accordance to their mentalhealth has receive intense and protracted security over the years.Conversely, other areas pertaining to women health have been leftout. Contrariwise, the contribution of reproductive functioning ofmen to their mental health has been neglected. Few of the studiesthat have been executed exhibit that men are emotionally responsiveto most of the events just like women. Aside from this, most of theprograms geared toward women narrowly focus on their fertilitycontrol and reproductive health(World Health Organization, n.d).On the other hand, gender stereotyping and bias has been experiencedby female patients being treated for mental health conditions. Femalegender is associated with prescription of psychotropic drugs. Hencewomen are 48 percent more likely to be prescribed with psychoticdrugs compared to men. On the other hand, men are more likely todisclose alcohol use than women due to the social stigma stereotypingwomen who use alcohol(World Health Organization, n.d).
Genderinequality commences during childhood. During infancy, blue is acolor that associated with male children while pink with femalechildren. The differences increase as children grow. Moreover, duringbirth, the sex of the child is a major factor. In most societies, thepreference of male children is higher than for female children. Whilegrowing up girls are introduced to the so called “women task”.They wash utensils as boys watch television. In some of the countrieslike India, a female child who is barely 15 years of age or evenyounger is married off without say. The discussion is betweenparents, and she is led to marriage without her consent. Moreover, asboys continue with their education, girls are married of to startfamilies without fulfilling their academic dreams(Savethe Child, 2011).
GenderInequality and Oppression
Womenare not only unequal from men by they are actively oppressed. Theyare subordinated and abused by men. Women experience physical abusemore in comparison to their men counterparts. This is due to the factthat most of the societies are patriarchal. In these male-dominatedsocieties, women are oppressed in many different forms. Divisions inthe social role and labor underpinning on gender have led to economicoppression through domestic labor left for women. Thus, women engagein domestic labor of which they do not earn from it. Free domesticlabor is a form of oppression and women are inevitably enslaved init. Through this, they are deprived of their skills and knowledge andreduced to nothing. Due to lack of accessibility to employmentopportunities, some women have to turn to prostitution. Prostitutesare oppressed works who perpetuate and reinforce capitalistic scheme(Rajkumar, 2009).
GenderInequality in Minorities
Indifferent minority groups, women are more affected by gender inequality. Subsequently, in ethnic minorities, women are lesseducated, less healthy, poorer and lowly represented. Apart from thedisparities in payment, women from minority groups also suffer frompension gap with low pension. They are less involved in politicalactivities, receive lower pay and also subjected in inequalities inthe manner in which they are treated by the criminal justice system(Ward, 2005).
GenderInequality in Education
Girlssuffer severe disadvantage and exclusion in the education systems atall levels of their lives. In 2011, 31 million girls of primaryschool going age and an addition of 34 million girls of lowersecondary school age were not in school. This is contributed to bydiscrimination. Moreover, different communities have strong culturalnorms that favor education for boys but not girls. Traditionalattitudes pertaining to women also undermine their accessibility toeducation. Pregnancy and early marriages also cause more girls not toget an education. Discriminatory educations laws and policies andgender based violence escalate inequalities in education between boysand girls, men and women(UNICEF, 2014).
GenderDisparities in Victimization
Victimizationin high in women in terms of gender based violence, homicides andsexual violence including rape. Due to inequality, women are moresusceptible to violence. Unfortunately, in some of the countriesespecially in the Middle East and North Africa, men can freelydivorce women. However, it is hard for a woman to divorce a man evenin the end of being victims of abuse(Nooradini, 2012).
GenderInequality in the Media
Genderdisparities exist in the journalism industry and in theater. Forinstance, Angelina Jolie is the most paid female star. Nevertheless,her earnings are equivalent to lower paid male stars, thus LiamNeeson and Denzel Washington. Robert Downey Jr. makes more thandouble what Angelina Jolie makes. In addition to this, most of thesports shows on radios are hosted by men. Only an insignificantnumber are hosted by women. In films, most of the main characters aremen. Women are not just underrepresented, they are alsomisrepresented(McSweeney, 2012).
Genderinequality is experiences across specific groups. In all the groups,women are more affected by gender inequality. Their men counterpartsare at a better level in the society. Women are also exposed todifferent risks as a result of inequality. Consequently, strategieshave to be in place to help curb the gender inequality. Strategieshave to be specific and take the unique characteristics of the groupsinto account.
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Nooradini,I. (2012). GenderInequality and.Retrieved fromhttp://www.academia.edu/1576766/Gender_Inequality_and_Female_Victimization
Rajkumar,J. (2009, Jan 12). Gender Inequality is an Act of Oppression. TheAlternative.Retrieved fromhttp://rajkumarjohnson.blogspot.com/2009/01/gender-inequality-is-act-of-oppression.html
SavetheChild. (2011). AnEqual Start: Why Gender Equality Matters for Child Survival andMaternal Health.London: Save the Child UK.
UNICEF.(2014, Jul 15). Girls`education and gender equality.Retrieved from UNICEF:http://www.unicef.org/education/bege_70640.html
Ward,L. (2005, Feb 17). Ethnic minority women face `massive inequalities`.TheGuardian.Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/feb/17/race.gender
WorldHealth Organization. (n.d.). GenderDisparities in Mental Health.Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved fromhttp://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/242.pdf
Yee,S. (2011). Healthand Health Care Disparities Among People with Disabilities.Berkeley, CA: Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund.