GUANTANAMO BAY PRISON DEBATE 7
GuantanamoBay Prison Debate
GuantanamoBay Prison Debate
GuantanamoBay is the United States Naval Station, located in the southeasterncoast of Cuba. The US army, operating a highly controversialdetainment and interrogation facility, runs the facility. The prisonor station is referred to with such names as Guantanamo Bay, theG-bay, and Gitmo. In addition, the prison is divided into Camp Delta,Iguana, and Camp X-Ray, all designed for interrogation and detentionproposes.
Guantanamobay prison is viewed as one of the most controversial prisons in theworld, especially because of the limited rights prisoners have.Additionally, a variety of torture techniques are usually utilized onthe prisoners, either to force them to disclose certain informationor do certain tasks. Is the torturing of prisoners anyway beneficialto the global security?
Mybias with this issue that the facility does not adhere to the ThirdGeneva Convention in relation to the handling of prisoners of war andthe Fourth Geneva Convention citing the security of civilian personsin the time of war, extending some procedural and substantive legalrights to the prisoners of war and victims of armed conflicts. Aspart of the Convention, the US is legally bound to afford protectionassured to prisoners captured in the conflict. However, according tothe United States government, the torture of war prisoners atGuantanamo Bay is geared toward the fight to stop global terrorism.
Factualand Ethical judgments in resolving the issue
Thisissue falls into the factual and ethical judgment categories becausefacts have been laid on the inhuman treatment of prisoners in thefacility, the laid facts have also proved to be an ethical showingdegradation of human dignity. So of the facts put across includesexual degradation, forced use of medication, religious maltreatment,and torture by use broken glasses, burning cigarettes, deprivedsleep, and sensory deprivation (Lewis et al, 2004).
Prosof Guantanamo Bay
Accordingto Nemish (2009), keeping the facility operational is the best way bythe American government to protect its people from terrorism, thus,making it beneficial to the world security. The detainees who aremajorly a security threat to the world are guarded by military policethat are well trained making sure escape is nearly impossible.Therefore, the facility ensures the resourceful enemies of the US whohave vowed to kill Americans are in a secure facility. Conclusion,Guantanamo bay is beneficial to the people
Priest(2005) views the facility as the best ways to ensure justice for thedetainees as well for the victims of terrorism. Majority of theprisoners in the facility were captured engaging in armed hostilitiesagainst the US. Thus, the detainees are enemies captured at warrepresenting such terrorism groups as the Al Qaida, and they disservepunishment for disturbing the global peace. Conclusion, Guantanamobay is beneficial for holding enemies of the state.
TheGuantanamo bay facility holds criminals of war who if released wouldreturn home only to take up terrorism activities again againstcivilians. Research has shown that previously released detains werelater captured or killed while fighting US forces in Afghanistan.Thus, detaining the prisoners at the facility serves a securitypurpose to the globe of protecting continued terrorist activitiesagainst civilians. Conclusion, Guantanamo bay prevents a continuedterrorism spread (Fletcher, 2004).
Guantanamo Bay prison is beneficial to the People
Ensures Justice for the Victisms of Terrorism
Protects People from Terrorism
Consof Guantanamo Bay
Accordingto Miller (2005), the facility detains indefinitely foreign nationalswithout trial and without evidence. The administration at thefacility in Cuba is able to have administrative immunity based on theargument that the prison is not in territories within jurisdictionsof the US. Various nations whose nationals have been held at thefacility, assert monitoring of living conditions of the nationalsheld as prisoners have been hampered by the US administration. Inaddition, several countries and international organizations, classifythe detention itself as illicit and it bares inhuman conditions.Conclusion, the facility is in infringement of the internationalhumanitarian laws and international criminal laws.
Crueltyand concerns at the Guantanamo Bay prison include hunger strikes.Lewis, (2004) asserts that hunger strikes have been a common thing atthe facility since 2004. For example, in 2004 detainees went on ahunger strike to in protest of their living conditions. It wasreported by end of the year over eighty prisoners had their weightsdrop below 100 pounds. As a result forced feeding procedures wereintroduced in the facility and made a part of the stand operatingprocedures. These triggered outrage with many human rightsorganizations, however, they had little outcome. Conclusion, theprison disrespects basic human rights.
Accordingto Lewis (2004), there have been other human rights violations at thefacility. Prisoners at the facility have complained of abuse,anguish, and human rights violation. The United Nations havepreviously proposed for the closure of the facility citing inhumanacts of torture as the main reason. In addition, the prison has beennotorious for holding prisoners without prosecution among theseprisoners were children with the youngest being only 13 years old.Conclusion, Guantanamo bay prison is controversial for detainingchildren, and use of torture in interrogations.
Guantanamo Bay prison is a Controversial Prison
Application of torture techniques
Limited rights to prisoner
Briefly describe one aspect of the current state of affairs.
Controversysurrounds the US detention and treatment of over two hundred allegedmembers of the Taliban and other threats of the global security atthe Guantanamo Bay. However, on focus has been the applicability ofthe Geneva Convention treaties providing international humanitarianlegal standards during armed conflict all which are not adhered to atthe US Cuban based facility Guantanamo Bay (Lewis et al, 2004).
Briefly describe one aspect of the historical state of affairs.
Thedetainees and various humanitarian organization rights groups fromacross the globe have been in protest in regards to the ability ofprisoners held at Guantanamo Bay to have access to dignifiedtreatment. The facility as not been observing treaties set on thetreatment of war captives and thus, the continued pressure on the USgovernment to shut it down (Fletcher, 2004).
Briefly describe one aspect of the social state of affairs.
TheGeneva Convection set legal standards in treat of all nationals ofstate parties who fall into enemy custody. However, the Guantanamobay facility is characterized by hunger strikes in protest hostileliving conditions and physical torture (Priest, 2005).
Fletcher,G. P. (2004). Black Hole in Guantanamo Bay. Journalof International Criminal Justice, 2(1),121-132.
Lewis,N. A. (2004). Red Cross finds detainee abuse in Guantanamo. NewYork Times30(11).
Lewis,N. A., BAY, G., & Cuba, N. (2004). Guantanamo Prisoners GettingTheir Day, but Hardly in Court. TheNew York Times8.
Miller,D. Q. (Ed.). (2005). Proseand cons: essays on prison literature in the United States. McFarland.
Nemish,M. C. (2009). ToClose or Not to Close: Guantanamo Bay (No. AU/ACSC/NEMISH/AY09). AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL.
Priest,D. (2005). CIA holds terror suspects in secret prisons. WashingtonPost, 2,A1.