Internet Development in China


InternetDevelopment in China

InternetDevelopment in China

Inthe beginning of April 1994, delegates from the governments of Chinaand America together with the Sino – American Federation ofScientific and Technology Cooperation met in Washington. The Chinesegovernment representative Hu Qihuan, proposed for internetconnection, to the National Science of America. They were accepted(Zhao, 2008). Around 20 April the Network of Education and ScientificResearch (NCFC) under the Sprint company were able to realize a fullfunctioning connection to the Internet internationally using a 64kdedicated path. This enabled China to be recognized as one of thecountries with access to the internet.

Around15th May, the first Chinese’s web server was established by theHigh – Energy Physics Institute. This introduced the use of webpages, which provided information about China’s news, culture,business, and trade (Qiang, 2007). In addition, the introduction ofChina’s top domain name Servers was done by Computer NetworkInformation Center around late May. In the month of September, Chinaand America signed the Sino – America treaty that allowed China toopen in Beijing and shanghai different dedicated circuits under theSprint Company (Zhao, 2008). In October, the Planning Commissionstarted the CERNET project, which used advanced communicationtechnology in networking and computer, to create a facility foreducation research and information sharing between middle schools,colleges, and university in the country.

InJanuary 1995, China Telecom released two 64kilobytes dedicatedrouters to America, one in Beijing and the other in Shanghai throughSprint Company. In addition, it provided access to internet throughX.25, dedicated DDN circuits, and telephone network. Around March1995, CAS marked the first phase by China to spread internetcountrywide by using IP/X.25 technology to link to its differentbranches. China Telecom in May began to prepare for construction ofChinanet backbone network nationally. CERNET launched the ShuimuQinghua BBS around 8 August (Zhao, 2008).


Zhao,J. (2008). Theinternet and rural development in China: The socio-structuralparadigm.Bern: Lang.

Qiang,C. Z.-W. (2007). China`sinformation revolution: Managing the economic and socialtransformation.Washington, D.C: World Bank.