Justice 101 Questions Essay Number


Justice101 Questions Essay

Number:

Justice101 Questions Essay

Societytoday is divided along different lines which are all defined bysocial constraints. Power is associated with particular groups ofpeople who are perceived as the ideal lot. Ignorance is one of themajor setbacks in addressing issues of inequality and leveling theground in terms of creating equal opportunities. A common revolutionof minds is necessary to eradicate these forms of oppression andreverse these historical stereotypes. The following paper is aresponse to four questions in reference to justice class.

  1. Social Construction and Structural inequalities

Socialconstruction is the way in which society separates members intocategories based on gender, race and social class. These differencesmay not otherwise be identified because their existence relies on howsociety defines them. Social construction of gender perceives mandifferent from a woman from the time of birth and this continues withthe assignment of different responsibilities. Society has deemed manto be more superior to women, hence the difference in power. Throughhistorical experiences, society has also created different groups ofpeople based on their race. The social construction of class isrelated to that of race. The whites are associated more with the highclass and the blacks with the lower class.

Structuralinequalities are reinforced by policies formulated which works to theadvantage of a particular group. The bias involved in getting loansand real estate assets based on race affects the social classes. Thissubsequently affects education and hence the stereotypes continue tohold. A change in government policies is the foundation forequalizing society. Oppression defines the advantages gained by aparticular group of people to the disadvantage of the other group andmay be intentional or unintentional. Individual oppression is basedon one’s attitudes, institutional oppression is based onorganizational policies and societal or cultural oppression is basedon social norms [ CITATION Iri90 l 2057 ].Socialinequality has over time brought along conflicts among people, andeven communities.

  1. Racial Identity

Socialacceptance based on affinity to a certain race is what constitutesracial identity. The world is an ideological color blind society interms of race, which in reality is based on ignorance. The very factthat racial discrimination is discussed and written-off as a past isthe confirmation of its existence. Utopianism defines how the issueof race is being dealt with rather than dealing with the facts. Theonly way to have a future that is color-blind is by dealing with theissues head-on without hypocrisy[ CITATION Wil97 l 2057 ].

Racismis dominant in society today and has been manifested in three ways:personal, cultural and institutional. However, the issues surroundingneo-racism are discussed privately and in pretense is what runseveryday lives. Whites deal with racism in ignorance, while thepeople of color deal with it in discrimination and fear. An honestand mutually respectful public dialogue is needed to achieve racialequity and the outcome will be of benefit to all [ CITATION And96 l 2057 ].

Inas much as society has categorized races, individuals have a hugerole to play in eliminating these notions. Some races are esteemedhighly in contrast to others by the society at large based onphysical appearance which is subsequently used to define otheraspects of an individual. However, members belonging to a certaingroup have a major role to play in defining themselves and thisbegins by transforming individual attitudes. The notion of an idealappearance with regard to race should be done away with beginningwith the elimination of physical prejudice[ CITATION Chu01 l 2057 ].

  1. Marginalization and Affirmative Action

Societyis socially classified based on ethnicity/race, religion, gender andsexual orientation. The people of color, the poor, the disabled, andwomen are always dealing with the five types of oppression:exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialismand violence. These groups of people become marginalized andvoiceless due to lack of resources to support and advocate for theirrights and most importantly gain power. The possession of power iskey in dealing with oppression and hence the acquisition of equity [ CITATION Iri90 l 2057 ].

Affirmativeaction is a policy driven in favor of the marginalized group so as toachieve eventual equity of all societal groups. It is an effectivetool in dealing with social and historical injustices which havecreated huge gaps in the different domains. Affirmative action shouldbe implemented so as to create equal opportunities for all and levelthe ground for each individual to maximize their potential.

  1. Christianity and Politics, USA

TheUnited States of America exercises freedom of worship. With over 70%of its population as Christians the USA forms the largestcongregation in the world. The link between Christianity and politicshas been a subject of discussion with a majority believing thatChristianity directly influences views on specific political ideologyand philosophy. There are several political figures portrayed in theBible supporting the active participation of Christians in politics.The Bible in these stories acts as a point of reference for goodleadership and gives Christians a further responsibility to amenderrors to make the political field transparent and just. Severalleaders have referenced the Bible in their political campaigns toenhance their views and have gained support from polled Christians.However, the Christian-politic link is slowly losing popularitybecause of the many fraudulent political games.

Oneof the major controlling aspects within Christianity and politics inthe United States is the view of the Islamic community as a rivalgroup in the country. There has been the discrimination within theaspects of religion affiliation as the Islamic communities are seenas terrorists. For example, after the 911 incident in the UnitedStates, the political affiliation fell to the Christians side as theIslamic community was held responsible for the attack. Politics andChristianity has been hand in hand over time in the country.

Inconclusion, the participation of everyone, the oppressors togetherwith the victims is needed to eradicate social classes. A societyfree of prejudice and where all are perceived as equal is fertileground for development and this begins with policy amendments. Thesociety is made of numerous aspects as seen in the essay. In summary,it’s clear that, social construction is the way in which societyseparates members into categories based on gender, race and socialclass. Additionally, Structural inequalities are reinforced bypolicies formulated which works to the advantage of a particulargroup.

Onthe other hand racial identity has also been used or misused withinthe community, where a certain race in the society or country isfavored another or others. Racism is dominant in society today andhas been manifested in three ways: personal, cultural andinstitutional. Finally, Christianity or religion in the United Stateshas been used as bases for discrimination. This is whereby there hasbeen a common view among the Christians of Muslims being terrorists.

References

Andrea Ayvazian, B. D. (1996, February). Can We Talk. Sojourners.

Chung, O. (2001). Finding My Eye-dentity. In V. Nam, Yell-Oh Girls!: Emerging Voices

Explore Culture, Identity and Growing Up Asian American. Harper Collins.

Williams, P. J. (1997, December 11). Seeing a Color-Blind Future: The Paradox of Race. Farrar,

Straus and Giroux.

Young, I. M. (1990). Five Faces of Oppression. In I. M. Young, Justice and the Politics of

Difference. Princeton University Press.