JUVENILE JUSTICE

JUVENILEJUSTICE

JUVENILEJUSTICE

SOCIALLEARNING THEORY

  1. How can the environment influence one from committing a crime according to social theory?

Theenvironment contributes a lot to learning behavior as behaviors arelearned through observing (Bandura (1977). Children usually followwhat others are doing, and act in the same way, since children learnthings from their peers. In a society, there are models such asteachers and parents of whom children emulate their behavior for theybelieve what their peers are doing is the right thing to do. Isupport this argument because young children learnt from theenvironment in which they are brought up, and they just observe thebehavior of others in order to emulate them. If a child is growing inan environment where people fight one another, he child will growknowing that fighting is not a bad thing because his peers always do.Accordingto the author Zirpoli (2014), young children get exposed to variousenvironmental behaviors that may put them at a risk of antisocialbehavior. Therefore, understanding the environmental variables thatmay lead a child to misbehavior can help caregivers and peers tounderstand the influences that impact on a child behavior.

Onemight ask himself why peers are responsible for a child behavior inthe society.

Thepeople around a child especially the adults often respond to a childbehavior either through a punishment or reinforcement (Bandura(1961). Therefore, if the imitated behavior by the child is rewardingthe child often continue with the behavior. Likewise, in caseimitated behavior get a punishment response, the child knows that itis not a good behavior. Therespond a child receives after imitating an adult will help the childlearns what sort of behavior is that whether right or wrong. However,in case a child imitates a bad behavior, and nobody is questioninghim he can assume that the behavior is good even if it is a bad one.This is the reason Juvenile courts places the responsibility for achild’s crime to the parent. (MeekStolz (1967) explains that parents have great influence on theirchildren because every parent has a different way of rearing a childthat determines the child’s behavior. The closest people who relateand interact with a child are the parents and thus they are liablefor child behavior.

Onemight ask why Juvenile Justice aims at rehabilitating the youngoffenders and not punishing?

JuvenileJustice involves laws governing less than eighteen years old whosemain aim is to rehabilitate instead of punishing the offender(Trulson &amp Carmen 2005). The young offender may get involved incrime activities because of lack of parental control or simplythrough socializing with bad people who influence the child to badbehavior. TheJuvenile system performs remarkable work in helping the youngchildren to change their behavior through rehabilitation. A child whois below eighteen years old his or her behavior should be controlledby a parent. In the case whereby the parent neglects his parentalrole in regulating the child behavior, the child may engage incriminal activities or any other antisocial behavior. Tierra(2011) reported that children in juvenile systems have shown adecrease in involvement in illegal activities after the courtintervention to regulate the children behavior. Children, therefore,needs close attention and supervision for them to thrive in life andbecome responsible people in the society. Kids in Juvenile courtsalways get additional resources mainly related to mental health. Whydo the children in Juvenile systems changes their behavior afterstaying in the system for sometimes? Ithink it is because they get the attention and the supervisionrequired for a child to grow well. The child needs to be taught onwhat to do, and this helps the child to grow upright. Most of thechildren engage in illegal activities due to lack of parental controlto regulate their behavior. Therefore, children in Juvenile tended tobe closely monitored and corrected where they go against the ruleshence changing their behavior for better. Accordingto Tierra (2011), children behavior in Juvenile changes due toeffective supervision that make the child adopt good behavior. Thechildren also receive additional resources that are helpfulespecially for their mental health.

Howdo people gain motivation to commit a crime? Can it be through peerpressure or self-driven?

Themotivation to do a crime among the children comes from thesurrounding that is the people whom the child interact with in dailyactivities. According to Bandura (1977), children behavior isinfluenced by the people around the child. The child usually imitatesthe adults in whatever they are doing. For example, a young childbelow eighteen years may be influenced by an adult to engage incriminal activities if the person believes in crimes. Ithink the motivation to engage in antisocial behavior comes from thepeople around you or those who you are interacting with. Most youngpeople get involved in criminal activities due to peer pressure. Ayoung person may do something because his friends are doing it and inorder to maintain their relationship he ends up engaging in badpractices. Mikami(2010) describes how parents and teachers should take theresponsibility of controlling peer relationship among children. Notall the children peers have good behaviors, and thus parents shouldtake the initiative of knowing the types of peers who relate withtheir children. Isupport this argument because I have witnessed many young childrenbeing misled by his peers to engage in bad behaviors that result tomoral decay among the child. The parents who monitor their childbehaviors enhances the behavior of their children bringing upresponsible children. Children cannot make the right decisionconcerning their actions, and they are easily persuaded to do thattheir peers are doing.

Whatare the factors that leads one into committing a crime?

Weatherburn(2001) argued that there are several factors that can make one commita crime starting from family factors, biological and also influencefrom peers. The inadequate parenting a have contributed to theJuvenile involvement in crimes. He stated that our confidence thatpoor parenting contribute to crime, therefore, we should enhanceparenting to reduce the cases of criminology.I believe that many factors contribute to one engaging in crimes asthe environment we live determines our behavior. It is true that mostof the Juvenile is as a result of poor parenting whereby a child isnot monitored by the parent hence participating in criminalactivities. Some of the research has shown that some crimes areinherited from family members and thus it is genetically generated.

References

Bandura,A. (1977).Social Learning Theory.Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice

Del,C. R. V., &amp Trulson, C. R. (2006). Juvenilejustice: The system, process, and the law.Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Stolz,L. M. (1967). Influenceson parent behavior.Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.