KARL MARX 4
KarlMarx and the economic and philosophic manuscripts of 1844 were notpublished during his lifetime until 1927 after his death. Thedocuments show how he changed from philosophy to economics. Marx`sinterest in economics is clearly illustrated in the manuscripts andthis distances him with other philosophers. He uses differentapproaches to explaining economic scenarios (Marx, 2013). Under theeconomic systems, he separates individual ownership into two. Thefirst part comprises of owners while the other part represents theproperty workers. He explained how workers are deprived theirstrength making them more vulnerable and useless. Workers are peoplewho commit their life into the work they do. However, even the littlethey get is not sufficient. Marx urged that the more they produce,the more they become sensitive (Marx, 2013). All the efforts used inthe production contribute to the outside world in which they do notbelong. Workers help boost the economic growth, but it does not helpthem in any way. Mark referred this detachment as an antagonism of aperson who works and the outcome of his work.
Theother detachment that Marx addressed was the separation of workersfrom the production processes. He explains that most of the workersperform their duties in order to survive. Majority of the duties andresponsibilities allocated to them are new and at times have noexperience in these fields (Marx, 2013). They are forced to performthe duties. The third issue addressed was on human identity. Humanbeings are created with the knowledge of changing inorganicsubstances into useful objects. They change the nature to objectsusing different practical means. However, in the division of labourand individual ownership, workers are not part of the human character(Marx, 2013).
Marxalso addressed on issues related to religion. He identifies LudwigFeuerbach as the best philosopher who demonstrated that religion hascontributed to isolation among different social relationships (Marx,2013). Ludwig had criticized religion on grounds of privileging thereligious beliefs, thought and knowledge among others, an idea thatMarx supported. The primary function of religion is to promoteself-consciously in the society.
Moreover,Marx explained the last experience on how workers are isolated fromactivities on the basis of man to man. Since the workers do notpossess the work or the products that they produce, the owners ofthese products are referred to as capitalists. Most workers refertheir bosses as venomous people. They feel that they have beendistant from the systems that help these private individuals tosucceed in life while they remain in poor conditions (Marx, 2013).Marx points out that a worker become poorer as he continues toproduce more wealth. They are also regarded as cheap commodities asproduction increases.
Inan industrialist community, structures of private individuals definethe basic needs by identifying money as a human need. Marx states inhis manuscripts that the needs of an investor depend on the socialclass that he belongs (Marx, 2013). The more an investor earns, themore the needs. Contrary, the more a worker produces, the more theneeds, but he does not earn enough to cater for the increasing needs.In addition, Marx states that capitalists ensure that they onlyprovide a means of survival to the workers. He developed a politicaltheory known as communism that would help workers regain theirstrength through better compensation. The theory would make sure thatall the property is publicly owned, and workers are paid according totheir skills and experience (Marx, 2013).
Marx,K. (2013). Economicand Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844.Lanham: Start Publishing LLC.