Language and Grammar Question 3

Languageand Grammar


Ina campaign for the position of a Mayor, Harris was asked about histake on the rampant corruption in the city. The journalist pointed tothe recent grabbing of public land and utilities by the city’sbusinesspersons, and asked the candidate, if elected, “Canyou take the trash out?”In the statement, the journalist wanted to know whether the mayoralcandidate was courageous enough to confront corruption by exposingall the corrupt deals done by the city’s prominent persons. Theword, trash, is used to mean, corrupt. Therefore, the major is beingasked by the journalist to assure voters whether he has the capacityand courage to expose all corrupt persons and restore the city’scredibility, hope, and vision. Trash refers to all the uncleanstuffs, wastes, and unwanted things, which are collected anddestroyed. Similarly, the use of trash in reference to the corruptmembers of the society and city’s prominent persons is appropriate.It demonstrates the extent within which the city has lost millions incorrupt deals, oppression of the poor by the rich, and an existingsocioeconomic imbalance between the two groups. However, if the mayorpromises to clean out the city by exposing and removing all thecorrupt members, then the city would be clean of all corruption.


Parta: What did you do for your birthday?

  1. I went to Tropicana Cinemas in Las Vegas for the first time in my life, and watched three movies, one of them being “Snow white”, from 9AM to 4PM.

  2. I spent it all in the theater.

Thesecond statement is infelicitous because it does not offercomprehensive information regarding the activities of the day.Someone would ask “which theater?” Another would ask, “Whatwere you doing in the theater?” the statement, along with othermisunderstands make the answer vague and unclear. Additionally, thestatement violates maxim of quality, since it does not offercomprehensive information.

Partb: Which classes do you think you will take next spring?


  2. I will be proceeding from the current classes offered by the university

Thesecond statement is infelicitous due to its inability to offersubstantive evidence regarding the courses. Every institution oflearning has an order of courses that must be taken at each level ofstudy. The courses have prerequisites, which must precede certaincourses. This offers students a higher probability of understandingthe courses proceeding at each level of study.

Partc: I am going to the grocery store. Do you need me to pick anythingup for you?

  1. Yes please. Kindly bring for me a bunch of purple grapes.

  2. Yes please. Kindly pass by the wine store and get for me a bottle of red table wine, also grab some grapes, you can also pass at the convenient store and grab for me some shampoo.

Althoughthe second statement offers a shopping list, it extends beyond theproducts found in a grocery store. The response includes wines andother products found in convenient stores and wine stores. This makesit inconveniencing to the person being sent. Additionally, theresponse fails to consider the context within which the items areincluded. Whereas the offer concentrates on goods found in convenientstores, the response exceeds the explanations and violates the maximof quantity.