Formativeassessment occurs in the short term as learners are in the process ofmaking meaning of any new content and integration of the content intowhat they already know. This type of assessment offers an immediatefeedback to the learners to enable the learners change theirbehaviors and understand the right approach to undertake tasks.Formative assessment also enables the teachers to rethinkinstitutional strategies, activities and content based on thestudents understanding and performance. Teachers play a role instudents learning just like coaches in the field. Formativeassessment can be informal as observing that learners work as aformal as a written test. Formative assessment is a strong type ofassessment for improving student understanding and performance.
Interimassessment takes place occasionally at a larger time period ascompared to formative assessment. Feedback to the learners is stillquick but may not be that immediate. Interim assessment tends to bemore formal using tools such as projects written assignments andtests. The learners here should be given the opportunity todemonstrate their understanding once the feedback has been digestedand acted upon. Teachers can help identify any gaps that may exist inlearning and offer further instructions on the same.
Formativeassessment takes place at the end of a large chunk of learningexperience with the results being primarily for the teacher’s orschool’s use. Results may take time to be returned to the students,feedback to the students is usually very limited and the student hasno opportunity to be reassessed. Thus summative assessment tends tohave the least impact on improving an individual’s studentunderstanding or performance. Students can use the results ofsummative assessment to see where their performance lies as comparedto adopted standards.