Legislative Inquiries Part 1

LegislativeInquiries

Part1After140 days,thesessionof the83rd legislaturewasadjourned up to May 27, 2013. During thisperiod,accordingto thelegislativestatistics reportof Texas legislature,online shows,5868senates,andhousebillswerefiled.Thefiling tookplacein theregularsessionsat the83rd legislature.However,only1,437 billswerepassed.Thesebillsshould be submittedto thegovernorforapprovalbefore becominglaws.

Thegovernorcan decideto signthebill,line-item veto,vetoit,orallowthebillto moreof becominga lawwithout his signature.Thegovernortakesa maximumof twenty daysto signthebillafter finaladjournment.Thegovernorapprovesthebillanditbecomeseffectiveon a specifieddayorsometimesthedayis not evenmentioned.Accordingto thearticleIII, section39 in theTexas constitution,a billcannot be effectiveuntil itreachesat least90 daysafter session.Whenthebilldoesnot pass,itdiesat theendof thesession.Thebillis, therefore,not reintroduced in thenextsession(Council,Texas Legislative, 144).

TheTexas legislatureamendedvariousbillswith effectfrom September 1, 2014. Thelegislationincluded83 legislatureregularsessions.Thepaper seeksto discussthree billsamong thebillsthat were amended in the year 2014. Thefirstbillincludesthebillrelatingto punishmentandprosecutionof theoffensesthat relateto person`strafficking. Thebillalsoprovidesprotectionforvictimsof person`strafficking. Thisbillwasunder sponsorshipof Van de Putte, andits lastactionwason 6/14/2013 butbecameeffectiveon 9/1/13. ThebillnumberwasHB 8, anditsauthorsincludedThompson andNaomi.

Thesecondbillis theTexas senatebill5 (SB 5). Thebillwascreatedin June 11, 2013. Thebillwasdiscussedon thefirstspecialsessionof 83rd Texas legislature.GovernorRick Perry signedthebillinto effecton July 18, 2013. Thebillentailsa listof measuresneededin theupdatingandaddingof theabortionregulationsin Texas.

Thethirdbillis thebillnumberSB 2. Thebillrelatesto punishmentforactsof felonythatindividualsof youngerthan 18 yearsmay commit.Thebilltookits effectimmediatelyon 7/22/2013. Thebillwasunder thesponsorshipof theKolkhorst, mood,career,Phil, andking.Thebilladdressesthecrimeunder capitalpunishmentcode10195. Similarly,itcoverstheminorin thejuvenilejusticecode10534. Thisbillwasunder act2013, ch.1140, under thegeneralandspeciallawsof Texas. Thisbillaffectedtheeducationcodeunder previousbillnumberSB2 (Council,Texas Legislative, 144).

Part2

Thelawcan be madegoodthrough ethicallegislation.Lawsare systemof rulesenforcedthrough a socialinstitutionto moreof governa certain behavior. Therefore,agoodlawshould involvetheuseof thestatutesunder legislation.Similarly,theregulationsanddecreesorjudgesbindprecedentsthat can makelawmoreof acceptable.Constitutionconsisting of rightsalwaysencoded makesa lawgood.

Therevisionof thecodeunder billHB 8 wasa goodmove.Thebillseeksto offergreatprotectionto its citizens.Thebillamendedthecodeof criminal,chapter7A to be friendlyto trafficking victims.Thebillintroducesnewclausessuchas sexualassaults,stalking, andabusethatthepreviousbillexcludes. Consequently, thebillcould haveincludeda strictmeasureto thosewhopracticepersontrafficking.Thosefoundguiltyshould betreatedas ifthatwasa murdercase.However, thebillamendmentinvolvedmanyfundsin steeringthewhole processtherefore,thebillseeksto imposemoretaxesto thecitizens(Council,Texas Legislative, 147).

TheSB 5 billprovidestheclausethat protecttheunborn from abortions.Thebillstatesthattheunbornhaverightto liveandgoesfurtherto associatetheir pain.Thebillis goodas itseeksto reducethecasesof childabortions.Theauthorfeelsthatifgivena chancethebillshould neverallowanyabortioneventhe child is one dayold.Similarly,theclausesthat allowtheabortionof unborn to savemothershould be changed.Thedoctorsshould improvisewaysof tryingto saveboththemotherandchild.Sameas anotherbillthisonewill alsobe morecostlyto citizensthusincreasingtheir taxes.

ThebillnumberSB 2 seeksto provideadd-ons andamendmenton previoussectionsof thebill.Thebillelaborateson thefelonyamong theunder18 youths.Thebillamendmentmakesiteasyfortheyouthto avoidsuchbehaviorsandmoreof ensuringthattheeducationcodesaretakenseriously.Thisbillis alsoan actthat relatesto home-rule charterschoolsandcharter schools.Thebillfurtherincludestheestablishmentof theauthorityof charterschools.Forinstance,section1, subchapter D in theeducationcode,thebillrequiresforcommissionersto assessschoolsanddeterminethosethat tendto underutilize theschoolfacilities.Enactmentof thisbillwill relativelyposean impacton schools.(Council,Texas Legislative, 145)

WorksCited

Council,Texas Legislative. &quotTexas Legislative Council Drafting Manual.&quot(2014): 144 – 147