Logicallows a person to construct a valid reasoning to an argument thus,it delivers a headway to elucidate a sentence as well as a way ofstructuring a sentence. NativLang in the examination of logic inassessing arguments and recognizing validity or soundness in asentence or a reasoning, asserts that a logic involves an argument,premises, and conclusion. As such, NativLang defines argument asmultiple statements and premise as supporting statements to a basewhile conclusions are proclamations that follow the premises. One canuse a simple symbolic logic to construct or translate meaning, forexample, NativLang asserts that by supporting that coffee is food onecan use A, B, and C, where A = B, B = C, then A = C. In this regards,one may assert that coffee is bean, bean is food, and then coffee isfood, where coffee as a bean and bean as a food are premises whilecoffee as a food is the conclusion.
Based on theaforementioned example, one can easily construe a valid argument i.e.an argument with working structures, and an invalid argument i.e. anargument with broken structures. In this regards, a valid argumenthas a working structure and a good premise that leads to a conclusionwhile an invalid argument does not have premises that lead to aconclusion. On the other hand, in construing logic, it is imperativeto define the soundness of an argument i.e. an argument with truepremises and valid forms, for example, in the given example, theargument is both valid and sound. In constructing logic in meaning,it is imperative to comprehend the authenticity of an argument. Doingso requires one to use deductive or inductive reasoning. For clarity,deduction reasoning allows one to analyze meaning and word as well asdraw a conclusion based on the analysis rather than incorporatingoutside examples, for example, in the given example, one analyzes themeaning and content based on the structure. On the other hand,inductive reasoning perceives the meaning in a structure by lookingat outside the structure and utilizing instances while makingabstract statements that hold for all examples to arrive at aconclusion, for instance at looking at all forms of coffee. However,validity in arguments does not generate truth but preserve it ascoherence, correspondence, practical reasons, consensus, orfoundationalism cannot define truth in arguments.
NativLangasserts that in construing a meaning, one may fail to reason, whichmay render an argument invalid. In using logic or reasoning, oneconstructs a cogent argument (valid and with probable premises),while failure to use logic may construct an uncogent argument. Assuch, the utilization of invalid or poor reasoning result to afallacy. NativLang defines a fallacy as an evocative term thatconcerns the development of an argument. Fallacy may be logical,informal, or formal, where a logical fallacy permits an argument topersuade although the conclusion does not follow premises, whileinformal fallacies persuade although premises fail to support aconclusion e.g. AD Baculum, and AD Hominem fallacies. In addition,formal fallacies persuade, although they have invalid arguments. Onthe other hand, truth tables allow one to expand his/her reasoning inconstructing meaning. A true argument must have values andpropositions that support statements. For example, if A = T (true), B= F (false), then A and B are F i.e. a true statement must have validand sound arguments with all values being true. In this example, thevalue of A is true, but the value of B is false, which makes thewhole statement false.
NativLang. "Logic & Arguments – Truth Tables (values ofPropositions, Operators & Statements) – Remastered." YouTube.YouTube, 30 Jan. 2012. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svAyLlMiZto&index=3&list=PL48EEBE55B6385775>.
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NativLang. "Logic & Arguments – Logical Fallacies (formal &Informal Fallacies)."YouTube. YouTube, 30 Jan. 2012. Web.26 Nov. 2014.<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNeagdJd4rU&list=PL48EEBE55B6385775&index=2>.
NativLang. "Logic & Arguments – Truth Tables (values ofPropositions, Operators & Statements) – Remastered." YouTube.YouTube, 31 July 2012. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svAyLlMiZto&list=PL48EEBE55B6385775&index=3>.