NEW ORLEANS CITY 4
Theinitial occupants of the New Orleans area were the Americans of theMississippian and Woodland cultures. Expeditions of both De Soto andLa Salle passed through the region, but there were exceedingly fewpermanent White settlers prior to 1718, when Jean-Baptiste Le Moynefounded the city of Nouvelle-Orleans on the initial crescent abovethe Mississippi’s mouth. In 1722, hurricane destroyed most areas ofthe new city (Souther,2006). For around 40 years the New Orleans became a Spanish city andtraded heavily with Mexico and Cuba. In 1788 and 1794, the citybecame ruined by fire and was rebuilt in brick. Louisiana becamereverted to the French in 1803, and became sold to the United Statesin the Louisiana Purchase (Widmer &Landrieu,2007). New Orleans became the US’ wealthiest and 3rdlargest city in the first half of the 19thcentury (Souther,2006). After the WWII, conflicts and suburbanization over schoolintegration led to many Whites to flee the city, leaving a bigpopulation of African-Americans.
Tourismemerges as one of the overriding sectors of economy in the NewOrleans economy (Gotham,2007). earns a lot of resources from tourism thatcontributes to the economy. Tourism is usually supported by thecity’s unique culture, music and food because of the influencesfrom Caribbean, Europe, Africa and beyond. Besides, there arefestivals that go all around the year, which are also a source oftourist attractions. In addition, the rich history of the city alsoattracts tourists to the city.
Heritagetourism usually focuses on the culture and history of New Orleans.The places of heritage in include City Park, whichincludes the New Orleans Museum of art, the Botanical Garden,Storyland, and the Sculpture Garden historic cemeteries Historichomes and buildings and religious buildings and facilities (Gotham,2007).
Gotham,K. F. (2007). AuthenticNew Orleans: Tourism, culture, and race in the Big Easy.New York: New York University Press.
Souther,J. M. (2006). NewOrleans on parade: Tourism and the transformation of the crescentcity.Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Widmer,M. L., & Landrieu, M. (2007). NewOrleans 1900 to 1920.Gretna: Pelican Publishing Company.