Peoplewith Disabilities and Education
Peoplewith Disabilities and Education
Peoplethat grow with disability face several challenges in their quest tolearn and deal with the demands of education. These challenges areeither physical, psychological or environmental issues that limittheir ability to learn smoothly. According toJaeger and Bowman (2002),the challenges faced by people with disabilities are furthercompounded by the failure of some educational systems to accommodatetheir special needs. This limits the extent at which people withdisability can cope with the pressures of education as well asovercome the challenges. In this regard, it is important to explorethe trends and the issues of debate surrounding the plight of peoplewith disabilities.
Oneof the issues of debate in education for people with disability isthe level of accessibility to education that they have. According toHolsingerand Jacob (2009),people with disability have low accessibility to education because ofthe challenges that limit their learning abilities. This is observedby the low intake of students with disability in education comparedto normal students. Holsingerand Jacob (2009),further argue that people with disability are treated unequally dueto their situation compared to other students. It is notable that alarger percentage of these students do not access education becauseof discrimination or lack of enough support.
Inaddition, another issue of debate is the contributor poverty to theinaccessibility of education for people with disabilities. Mostpeople with disabilities do not access education because they cannotafford the expensive facilities needed to aid their learning. Thisassertion is based on the lack of resources in many countries tosupport the education for people with disabilities. According toSharmaand Mahapatra(2007), the majority of the population with disability in the worldare in the developing countries. Sharmaand Mahapatra(2007) observe that 80% of the 600 million people with disabilitiesworldwide live in the developing countries and the majority live inpoverty. This shows that education for all global goals may not beachieved if the resources are not allocated for the accommodation ofthe special needs of the students with disabilities.
Inaddition, there are some areas of controversy that contribute to theproblem of coping with the demands of education by people withdisability. One of the controversies is what constitutes disability.Some educators do not accommodate the special needs of people withdisabilities because they consider them as partially disabled.According to Florian(2008),definition of disability is sometimes misunderstood due to somediversity in the social perspectives. At the same time, Holsingerand Jacob (2009) notethat some education systems in poor countries place people withdisabilities in the same classes with normal students. This limitstheir ability to learn with their ability and with their speed.
Moreover,there is a neglect of people with disability by not providing theright facilities to aid their learning. According to Sharmaand Mahapatra(2007), the neglect is more pronounced in the developing countriesthan the developing countries. Jaegerand Bowman (2002)argue that such neglect is because of lack of commitment byeducational authorities as well as governments. However, Sharmaand Mahapatra(2007) observe that most of the countries are challenged in terms ofincome and resources to dedicate to people with disabilities. Thislimits the ability of people with diverse disabilities to learn sincethey are sometimes provided with similar equipment despite theirdifferent challenges.
Despitethe challenges in handling the issues surrounding the people withdisabilities, there are trends that have emerged in supporting theireducation. One of the trends is the use of technology in aiding theireducation. Pabloset al (2011) argue that the use of computer assisted learning andtechnologically advanced equipment helps such people learn despitetheir challenges. Pablos et al (2011) argues that some people withdisability have developed their learning skills through computer andtechnological aids to the extent of the normal students. This tendsto bring equality in the access of education for all.
Itis important to note that the disabilities affect the grades ofdisabled people in higher education challenges they face. Bullying isone of the challenges that affect the grades of these students. Dueto bullying, people with disabilities lose self esteem due to beinglooked down upon by other students and the arrogant members of thecommunity (Marinelli& Orto, 1999).This creates the second challenge of the feeling of shame for theirsituation. As a result, they are not comfortable in educationalenvironments and end up getting poor grades.
Moreover,people with disabilities face education with a lot of fear of failurethat is developed by the other students. Foreman(2009), such fearis as a result of lack of confidence in them by their teachers,fellow students and family members. In addition, people withdisabilities get low grades in higher institutions because of theirchallenge in regulating their emotions. According to Marinelliand Orto (1999),people with disabilities face emotional challenges due to theimbalance of emotions because of shame and fear. They thereforechange emotions irregularly, which affect their educationalperformance.
Florian,L., & McLaughlin, M.J. (2008). DisabilityClassification in Education: Issues and Perspectives.Newbury Park, CA: Corwin Press
Foreman,P. (2009). Educationof Students with an Intellectual Disability: Research and Practice.Charlotte:InformationAge Publishing Inc
Holsinger, W.Jacob, J. (2009). Inequalityin Education: Comparative and International Perspectives.Heidelberg:Springer Science & Business Media
Jaeger,P.T., & Bowman, C.A. (2002). Disability Matters: Legal andPedagogical Issues of Disability in Education. Greenwood PublishingGroup
Marinelli,A., & Orto, A.E. (1999). ThePsychological and Social Impact of Disability. Heidelberg:Springer Publishing Company
Sharma,C., & Mahapatra, B. (2007). EmergingTrends In Inclusive Education. NewDelhi: Sarup & Sons
Pablos,P.O., Zhao, J., & Tennyson,R.D. (2011). TechnologyEnhanced Learning for People with Disabilities.Hershey, Pennsylvania: Idea Group Inc (IGI)