PERSONAL REFLECTION ON LOGIC 4
PersonalReflection on Logic
PersonalReflection on Logic
Logichas been immensely explored in the contemporary human society.Needless to say, there are numerous comprehensions of this conceptderived from both the conventional and contemporary human society.Logic underlines the study and use of reasoning. Reasoning, in thiscase, takes the form of deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning andabductive reasoning.
Oneof the most fundamental lessons pertaining to logic learnt in thecourse is the use of a certain form of reasoning so as to reach aparticular conclusion regarding a subject (Suppes,2003).As stated, there are three forms of inference that would be made inguiding this form of reasoning. Deductive reasoning revolves aroundwhat would necessarily follow from some provided premises, whileinductive reasoning involves the process where an individual wouldderive dependable generalization from particular observations(Restall,2006).Abductive reasoning, on the other hand, underlines making logicalinferences by making an observation, forming a hypothesis accountingfor the observation and seeking to offer an explanation of therelevant evidence (Suppes,2003).
Onthe same note, one gets to learn the importance of logic, not only inthe academic life but also beyond and particularly in the real life.Logic would enable individuals to comprehend good arguments throughthe differentiation between bad and good reasons for believing intosomething (Hurley,2012).The comprehension of a good argumentation would allow an individualto comprehend the instances that he or she should believe something,while the comprehension of logic would enable them to comprehend goodargumentation (Suppes,2003).
Inassisting the comprehension of good argumentation, logic underlinesthe characteristics that a good argument should posses. These includelogical validity, logical form, and informal fallacies among others(Restall,2006).These are crucial in undertaking critical thinking, comprehendingarguments, as well as making decisions pertaining to what argumentsmake sense or rather what arguments an individual should stand for orsupport (Restall,2006).It allows for critical thinking, which revolves a desire to seek, thefondness for meditation, patience to have doubts, readiness forreconsidering, slowness to make an assertion, as well as hatred forall forms of imposture and carefulness for disposing (Hurley,2012).These are crucial traits in assessing the quality of arguments evenin the professional world. Good arguments inform individuals what hasis potentially true and believable. They would motivate individualsto act in a particular manner and spot faulty arguments that may beused in manipulate them (Suppes,2003).
Hurley,P. J. (2012). Aconcise introduction to logic.Boston,MA : Wadsworth Cengage Learning
Restall,G. (2006). Logic:An introduction.London: Routledge.
Suppes,P. (2003). Introductionto logic.Mineola, NY: Dover Publ.