Policing Activities and Operations

POLICING ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS 6

PolicingActivities and Operations

Thepoliceforceis a crucialaspectin anyState’s operations.Heroiccrimefightersare thepopularimageheldby themajority.However,thepolicingroles,responsibilitiesandsignificanceare morethan thepopularimagecreated.Thepoliceforce,as viewedin moviesandtelevisionshowsthepoliceofficersputtingtheir livesin linewhilecombatingoffenders andsavingthevictims.Theprocessincludesdealingwith gun-toting, thieves,murderers,drug-dealers andpsychopaths.Assuch,thepolicingactivitiesandoperationsare dangerousconcepts.Themoviesandtelevisionshowscreatea vividdescriptionof thepolicingduties,thoughinsomeinstancesitis exaggeratedin comparisonwith thelessdramaticreallifeactivities.Dangersof policing Thepoliceofficersinvolvedin lawenforcementfacesdirectthreatsto their livesandindirectthreats.Thethreatscreateimmediateandfuturedangersto thelivesof thepoliceofficers.In their activitiesandoperations,themajordangersare incurredin thefieldof operation(Brandl&amp Stroshine, 2009).An exampleis whenthepolicingactivityincludespursuitof armedcriminals.Thepoliceofficersfacethedangerof losingtheir liveswhensucharmsheldby thecriminalsareused.Thedangermay alsoleavethelivingofficersin physicallyunfitcondition,an examplewherelegorhandhas to beamputatedas a consequenceof injurysuffered(Brandl&amp Stroshine, 2009). Dangersalsoaccruein thelong-term as aconsequenceof threatsreceivedfrom convictedoffenders.In somecases,theoffenders haveto be releasedeventually.However,thereleasedconvictmay undertakevengeance,therebyposinga dangerto thearrestingandprosecutingofficers(Brandl&amp Stroshine, 2009).Thedangersleavethepoliceofficersandtheir familiesin emotionalpains,unableto determinewhatmay happenin their liveswhilethevengeanceindividualis outin thewind.Assuch,thedangersfacedby policeforceincludeemotionaltortureandphysicalsufferingsas aconsequenceof thedailyactivitiesandoperations.Less-than-lethalWeapons Theissueof less-than-lethal weaponsin policingactivitiesraisestheelementof theintegrityof thepoliceforce.In variouscircumstances,thepolicingactivitiesandoperationsare criticizedforusingviolence,excessiveforceorinappropriateproceduresin their course.Theissueof less-than-lethal weaponsas pertainsto policingoperationstrivesto determinewhatproceduresandat whatcircumstancesto take(Alpert,Smith, Kaminski &amp Kubu, 2011). Theproceduresare designedto avoidtheuseof inappropriatemodelsas theofficers’carry-on their dutiesandresponsibilities.Officerscommitcrimesin thefields,intentionallyorunintentionally,thatin turnruinstheintegrity,imageandrelationshipwith thecitizens.In thequestto reducetheseverityof themisconducts,less-than-lethal weaponshavebecomepopularin thepolicingoperations.An exampleof theless-than-lethal weaponis theconductive energydevices,commonlyreferredto as the‘stun gun’(Alpert, Smith, Kaminski &amp Kubu, 2011). Thoughtheweaponsare lessthan lethal,concernsabout theimplicationsof their useis stilldebatable,with somecritiqueson thelong-term effectson an individual.Technologyusedin policing Technologicaladvancementsin thecurrentcenturiesare rapid.Theadvancementscreatenewmethodsof ‘doingthings’not exempting criminalactivities(Morris,2010). Suchcrimesas cyber crimeshaveemergedwith theadvancementsin technology. Assuch,thepolicingactivitiesalsohaveto adaptto theadvancementsin an effortto neutralizeheeffectsandremainrelevantandsignificantin carryingout thedayto dayactivitiesandoperations.Technology usein policing,forexample,in thecommunicationchannelsaidsin enhancingtheefficiencyin undertakingtheoperations(Morris,2010). Theenhanced efficiencyimprovesthequalityof servicesofferedto thecitizensas wellas reduced‘burden’to theofficers.Theadvancementsinfluence‘how’thepoliceorganizationsfunction.Examplesof thetechnological advancementsthat havebeeninstitutedinto thepolicingactivitiesto improveeffectiveness includePhotography, telephone,automobiles,mobileradios,tape-recorders, fingerprint technology, DNA profiling among others(Morris,2010).Homelandsecurityandlawenforcementrelationships Lawenforcementorganizationsstriveto identifythecausesof crimesin thesociety.Theaimof identificationis to decreasecrime fear in various communities (Skogan&amp Frydl, 2010). Fearreductionisachievedthrough theinstitutionof effectiverelationwith thecommunity,privateandpublic-sector resources,and theexploitation of problem-solving strategies.Thelocallawenforcementagenciesfindthemselves strivingin the identification of responsibilitiestothethreatof homelandsecurity(Skogan&amp Frydl, 2010). Assuggestionsthatcommunitypolicingcan robustinto nationalstrategiesforhomelandsecurity,researchoutlinescommunitypolicingmodelsandtheir applicability to national plans for the homelandsecurity.Communitypolicingprogramoffers training to the civilianvolunteers.Thetrainedvolunteers’helps various police departments to carry out “non-sworn” duties,thus enabling officers to spend more time on other activities(Skogan&amp Frydl, 2010).

AdditionalCriticalIssue(Ethics) Policingactivitiesandoperationsinvolvecitizen’slives.Theactivitiescan, therefore,affectthenatureof lifeadoptedby an individual.Theeffectis on howtheoperationsare carriedout, suchas correctionof evidence(Sun,Payne &amp Wu, 2008). Ethicalconcernsin policingactivitiesare critical.Observingethicalpracticesputsthelivesof thecitizensat ease.Thecitizenshavenoneedto worryof an intrusionby thepolice,seekingevidencesince there is theconfidenceof propermeansexploitation. Whereethicalmeasuresarenot putin place,therelationshipamong thepoliceofficersandthecitizensare deteriorated,to theextentof receivinghostiletreatmentevenfrom innocentindividuals(Sun,Payne &amp Wu, 2008). Therefore,ethicalpracticesare criticalin thepolicingactivitiesandtheoperation.

References

Alpert,G. P., Smith, M. R., Kaminski, R. J., Fridell, L. A., MacDonald, J.M., &amp Kubu, B. (2011). Police use of force, tasers, and otherless-lethal weapons (NCJ No. 232215). Washington, DC: U.S.Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Instituteof Justice.

Brandl,S. G., &amp Stroshine, M. S. (2009). Toward an understanding ofthe physical hazards of police work. Police Quarterly, 6,172-191. doi:10.1177/1098611103006002003

Fyfe,J. J., &amp Kane, R. J. (2006). Bad cops: A study ofcareer-ending misconduct among New York City police officers.(NCJ No. 215795). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Officeof Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.

Morris,R. G. (2010). Identity thieves and levels of sophistication: Findingsfrom a national probability sample of American newspaper articles1995-2005. Deviant Behavior, 31, 184-207.doi:10.1080/01639620902854969

Skogan,W., &amp Frydl, K. (2010). Fairness and effectiveness inpolicing: The evidence. Washington, DC: The National AcademiesPress

Sun,I. Y., Payne, B. K., &amp Wu, Y. (2008). The impact of situationalfactors, officer characteristics, and neighborhood context on policebehavior: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36,22-32. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.12.004