PROJECT TWO

6

Population and Settlement as presented in the People’s DailyChina

Part One

Ma Xiaochun and Liang Jun. Southern Xinjiang reforms hukou ineffort to draw talent, investment

The article highlights the challenges that civilians intending tosettle in southern Xinjiang face, which has resulted in lowdevelopment within the region. However, the area’s hukou reform hasreduced the limitations and prerequisites on persons that plan tosettle in south Xinjiang. Individuals will also be provided with thesimilar benefits in terms of schooling, work and social welfare aslocal residents. The reform intends to encourage urbanization, aswell as equality in China. The changes in settlement policy are amove to assist the central administration in social development andreforms. It will also ensure equal distribution of resources in thedifferent urban areas.

Yuan Can and Liang Jun. Why are there more UHNWIs in Hong Kong?

Ultra high-net-worth individuals (UHNWI) seem to settle more in HongKong. Following calculations made via proportion of the inhabitants,it is apparent that the super-wealthy in China seem more populated inHong Kong. According to statistics in a research carried out in June2014, above 460 per million Hong Kong civilians qualify as UHNWIs.Hong Kong has internationally turned into the most populated area ofsettlement. The figure comprises of both males and females, thoughwomen depict and increasing growth in settlement in Hong Kong. Therising figure of female UHNWIs in Hong Kong currently stands at 26%,which is twice the international average of 13%.

Du Mingming and Bianji. China has 245 mln migrant population

Towards the end of 2013, the figure of China’s migrant populationwas 245 million, comprising of a sixth more compared to the nation’swhole inhabitants. The change in individuals moving to major townshas not altered, instead resulting in an increase in migrantpopulace. The migrant populace regards to individuals that have lefttheir areas of birth and opted to live and find employment in otherregions. This figure totaled to 236 million in 2012, meaning that thefigure will progress to increase every year. Most of the migrantscomprise of previous farmers that move to towns to operate smallenterprises or avail cheap labor, hoping for increased payment andimproved lives.

Yao Chun. Who needs a second child anyway?

The article notes that most of the Chinese populace is not welcomingto the concept of having a second child. This is especially the caseamid couples that feel having a second child is associated with extraeconomic burden. It depicts that majority of the Chinese populationstill comprises of households that have one child. The lack ofinterest in a second child is particularly high amid civilians bornin 1980s, as well as 1990s. The population makes up 56.8% of theentire Chinese population. The reluctance to want a second childlinks to altering perception on childbearing amid the younggeneration.

Kong Defang and Bianji. Foreign experts advise postponingretirement, raising birth rate

A large percentage of China’s working population comprises of anageing workforce. The country largely comprises of an ageingpopulation, which is attributed to the one-child policy implementedyears back. The article further notes the need to increase the yearswhen an individual will retire. This is because, the old in Chinastruggle in accumulating assets compared to peers in differentnations. The retirement age in China is young, despite the old stillhaving a lot to contribute. The article notes that by postponingretirement, the country will be able to raise the birth rate, asparents are no longer worried of catering for their children afterretirement. This in turn solves the prospect problem of an agedgeneration in China.

Du Mingming and Bianji. 800,000 couples applied to have secondchild under relaxed policy

The article provides closure on the relaxed policy, which currentlyallows China’s couples to have a second child. The policy informsthat only 800,000 individuals have reacted by considering the optionto have a second child. This means that the Chinese populationlargely comprises of households with one child. The policy arises asChina, emerging as a global economy, struggles in addressing theissue of labor force, as well as an aging population.

Part Two

The issues of population and settlement in China are an illustrationof the entire process of diversity. The idea of diversity comprisesof acceptance and respect. It implies having a comprehension thatevery person is different. This can be concerning socio-economicstatus, age, gender among other factors. The population andsettlement of Chinese people depicts diversity in numerous manners.Apparent in Chinese population are individuals from different socialand economic status, a growing population of women being categorizedas wealthy, an emerging young generation of persons disinterested inraising more than one child, as well as a work population comprisingof the old.

Despite China being an emerging economy, it has to incorporatediversity in its population to ensure that the economy progresses toadvance. For instance, the country comprises of a large ageingpopulation. In addition, the individuals still make up a majority ofthe working population. This implies that in prospect, the countrymay not have young individuals to replace the old. To solve such achallenge, the country will have to postpone retirement, whichencourages more couples to give birth. With the early retirement agein China, many individuals are most likely to opt not to havechildren and avoid struggling to provide for their children’s needsupon retirement. However, with more working years, people are able toplan for children thus, increasing birth rate.

There is a disparity in the socio-economic status of Chinesecivilians. This is illustrated in the settlement of individuals indifferent areas. It is also apparent that civilians opt to settle inareas where they feel there are lesser prerequisites to settlement.However, the government is has depicted interest in reducingdiversity in the settlement of civilians, by encouraging people tosettle in regions with minimal population. An illustration is thehukou reform. The reform has minimized the restrictions, as well asprerequisites on individuals planning to live in south Xinjiang.Incentives provided to draw more people to the area includeprovisions of the similar benefits in terms of schooling, work andsocial welfare as local residents. The hukou reforms aims atencouraging urbanization and equality in China. Many civilians areadamant to move to such regions as south Xinjiang, as they are unableto afford resources available in the areas. Through diversifyingsettlement, the government ensures equal availability and access toresources by all, despite of the socio-economic status.

Diversity is apparent in the increasing figure of females settlingin Hong Kong. The region is associated with the settlement of wealthyindividuals, and is the largest town in the world comprising of Ultrahigh-net-worth individuals (UHNWI). Recent findings demonstrate thatthe figure of UHNWI females stands at twice that of high-net-worthfemales living in towns comparable to Hong Kong globally. Thisimplies that women are as well becoming economic and financiallystable as males, and are able to afford the same lifestyle. Althoughmales make up a larger percentage, the percentage of females is alsoincreasing.

Works Cited

Du Mingming and Bianji. 800,000 couples applied to have second childunder relaxed policy. People’s Daily 18 Nov. 2014. Web. 29Nov. 2014 http://en.people.cn/n/2014/1118/c90882-8810756.html

Du Mingming and Bianji. China has 245 mln migrant population.People’s Daily 18 Nov. 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014http://en.people.cn/n/2014/1118/c90882-8810752.html

Kong Defang and Bianji. Foreign experts advise postponing retirement,raising birth rate. People’s Daily 15 Nov. 2014. Web. 29Nov. 2014 http://english.people.com.cn/n/2014/1115/c90882-8809461.html

Ma Xiaochun and Liang Jun. Southern Xinjiang reforms hukou in effortto draw talent, investment. People’s Daily 21 Oct. 2014.Web. 29 Nov. 2014 http://en.people.cn/n/2014/1021/c90882-8797649.html

Yao Chun. Who needs a second child anyway? People’s Daily 27Nov. 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014http://en.people.cn/n/2014/1127/c90882-8815060.html

Yuan Can and Liang Jun. Why are there more UHNWIs in Hong Kong?People’s Daily Online 27 Nov. 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014http://en.people.cn/n/2014/1127/c98649-8814934.html