Running head: Question1, 2, 3   1
Q1 Why was the Fourteenth Amendment still necessary once the slaveswere freed?
Afterthe slaves had been freed, the fourteenth amendment was necessary toprotect the civil lights of freed slaves and to facilitate thereconstruction of America after war. In particular, the Fourteenthamendment was aimed at guaranteeing freedom to former slaves preventfurther discrimination of slaves along civil rights(National Archives and Records Administration).The amendment was important in ensuring that equal law protectionapplied to all people. It is under this clause that the freed slavesgained citizenship status, immunities and privileges (Harr, Hess &Orthmann, 2012).
Q2 what are the three "reconstruction amendments," and whatrights were they designed to protect?
Thereconstruction amendments involved the Thirteenth, Fourteenth andFifteenth clauses adopted in the 1865 to 1870 in U.S constitutionafter the civil war. The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery andselective enforcement of the law. The purpose was to emancipate andenhances more civil rights to the freed slaves(National Archives and Records Administration).The fourteenth amendment, on the other hand, increased thecitizenship status of the freed slaves, equal protection by law,immunity and increased civil rights in all spheres of Americansociety. The fifth amendment emphasized on equality in voting andsegregation of citizens on the basis of race or color. As a result ofthe Fifth Amendment, more blacks were allowed to vote and get electedin public offices (Harr, Hess & Orthmann, 2012).
Q3 Discuss two cases where the Fourteenth Amendment protected notjust state citizens but non-residents and aliens
Underthe fourteenth amendment on citizenship clause, the constitutionstipulated that no person was to be segregated regardless ofcitizenship status. The fourteenth amendment guaranteed equalprotection by law for both citizens and aliens. In the amendment,residents or alien born were entitled to some protection under theconstitution. The rule also stipulated that there would be equalprivileges and immunities to all citizens and non-residents as a wayof preventing discrimination in civil rights. Furthermore, under thisclause was the dual process which prohibited local or stategovernments from denying any person liberty without properauthorization (Harr, Hess & Orthmann, 2012).
Harr,J. S., Hess, M. H., & Orthmann, C. H. (2012). Constitutional lawand the criminal justice system (5th Ed.). Belmont, CA: WadsworthPress.
NationalArchives and Records Administration. Constitutionof the United States: Amendments 11–27.RetrievedNovember8, 2014. Fromhttp://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html