Romanesque; French Romanesque Vs. English Romanesque Number

RomanesqueFrench Romanesque Vs. English Romanesque


RomanesqueFrench Romanesque Vs. English Romanesque

Ina brief definition, Romanesque term is used to refer to the arts ofEurope approximately 1000 AD all the way to the rise of famous Gothicstyle around the 13thcentury. However, this period differs from one place (region) to theother. This paper looks into the regional differences throughcomparing and contrasting the FrenchRomanesque (St-Sernin in Toulouse), and the English Romanesque(Durham Cathedral in England) (Charles,2008).

The‘DurhamCathedral’ in England was constructed between 1093and 1130. With its enormous scale, a length of 400 feet, as well asits overpowering towers. The constructions in England werecharacterized by barrel vaults, rounded arches, chevron-patterndecorations,&nbspas well as doors recessed in three orders.St-Sernin,Toulouse, France is a lovely structure designed with an octagonalbell tower. Was made of red bricks with its inside elegantlydecorated as well as vaulted nave. This is the biggest Romanesquechurch in the world that is still standing (Romanesquearchitecture and art, 2013).

Architecturalsimilarities between the two (France and England Romanesque)

Someof the architectural similarities between the two churches are that,they both possessed an interior covered with brightly coloredsculptures, carvings, and paintings. There was also the use of stoneas the stone building were adopted instead of the wooden ones. Thechurches were big, with thick walls and small windows. In addition,the churches were characterized by long towering towers, which wereat the front side of the building (Secker, 2014).

Accountsfor These Regional Differences

WhileRomanesque architecture tends to possess certain key aspects, theseaspects often vary in appearance and building material from region toregion. These variations were contributed due to different stylesi.e.earlier&nbspstyles&nbspversuslater styles. In addition, the variations were because of thematerials used to create these features, and finally it was becauseof local inspirations. Some of the general characteristics of theRomanesquearchitectural included precision cutting of stones, supporting of thestones in the middle with arch constructions, heavy stones were used,and finally, there was ornamentation, which was key to the interiorof the buildings (Romanesque architecture and art, 2013).

Inconclusion, the Romanesquearchitectural has remained key features of the history in variouscountries. Since its commencement in Italy, the construction turnedout to be a common feature in many other countries. There werehowever, notable changes from the initial constructions. And thebuildings remains pars of history in many of the regions they arefound

Fig1 A photo showing the DurhamCathedral in England (Charles,2008)

Fig2 an image of the famous SaintSernin in Toulouse, France (Charles,2008)


Charles,V. (2008).&nbspRomanesqueart.New York: Parkstone Press International.

Romanesquearchitecture and art. (2013).&nbspColumbiaElectronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition,1-2.

Secker,D. (2014). The Early Romanesque `Great West` Towers of St Peter,Stambourne, Essex

andSt Nicholas, Leeds, Kent: `Clerical` Towers for a Lay Lord?.&nbspMedievalArchaeology,&nbsp58(1),285-306.