Spanish American war

SpanishAmerican war

Titleof course,

Fromthe time of the the, United States went fromrelative isolation to increased global involvement because ofnational interest in economic and commercial expansion the desire tocompletely alleviate the suffering of the people of Cuba from Span’soppressive thumb and lastly major influence from congress,presidential advisor and powerful U.S civilians. The consequence onAmerican society of that greater involvement were empowering yet atthe same time providing an ill-deserved sense of confidence therewas a downward spiral of violence, racism, despire and confusion andalso the awakening which President Eisenhower would refer as anAmerican ‘military-industrial complex’ thus leading to Americaninvolvement in six of the foreign based wars thus signifying thecommencement of a century tainted with terrorism, hypocrisy andsystematic oppression.

Reasonwhy America went from isolation

Thepolicy makers considered global involvement because of nationalinterest in economic/ commercial expansion. As early as the early18thcentury America had great interest in a canal through Central Americaswelled for a hundred years and eventually reached a breaking pointin the year 1898. The initial manifestation of interest was theconstruction of the Trans- Panama Rail road which began in 1848-1855 this was because fifty years earlier had acquired the presentday California, then rich in unprosecuted gold resources. This led tothe need for more convenient trade routes between the oceans, whicheventually turned the eyes to Panama. Britain and America attentionshifted to the possibility of another route the route throughNicaragua further spawning the rivalry between the two countries. TheClayton- Bulwer Treaty was later signed in 1850 thus ensuring thatneither of the two countries would have complete control of thetransoceanic pathway. In 1881, a French entrepreneur Ferdinand deLesseps began attempts to construct the Panama Canal. Having spent$287 million USD the French effort bankrupted and in 1902 the U.SSenate voted to seek total control of the canal, President Rooseveltbought the excavation equipment and site for $ 40 million USD. Thecanal was officially opened on August 15, 1914. It is at this pointthat U.S realized the importance of naval protection of its assetsoverseas 1.

Businessleaders and Humanitarians agreed that the Cuban people had undergonegreat atrocities from the Spanish occupants and international actionwas needed. Information could not be reliably fact checked by meanavailable to the U.S civilians. During the period of 1895 and 1898 America experienced a lot of mass-tabloid press. The Yellowjournalism had not been explained to the civilians the populace wasunsuspecting. Newspaper tycoon Joseph Pulitzer and William RandolphHearst seized this opportunity and sold gripping daily installment toreaders in U.S about fabricated fictitious account of the despair ofthe Cuban rebels and how their families were slaughtered by themilitary of Cuba. The Cuban War of independence was served to theAmerican People as a one sided this ignited fiery support for it inthe American people.

Influencefrom presidential advisors, powerful U.S civilians and Congress putimmense pressure on President McKinley to take action. The action,which he took, was later considered as the gravest mistake that hemade in his entire life. Samuel Flagg Bemis referred to the resultingwar as “a great aberration in the American history”. The latterspeculated that this was the instant that America cast aside itsanti-imperialist and anti-colonialist ideals and began to acquireforeign colonies for itself. The yellow journalism left the civilianhungry for war, and the prospect lined the pockets of non- civilianpopulation.

Consequencesof the U.S society

Inthe next generation America fundamentally changed its foreign policyprocedures beginning with the participation in a nasty series ofevent in the period of 1917 to 1918 collectively referred to as WorldWar 1. Dr. Malcom Magee stated in one if his lectures that “Once anAmerican President acknowledged that isolation was obsolete as aforeign policy, not as a political strategy, the era of neutralitywas over.” 2.Having maintained an non-interventionist policy since the onset ofthe war in 1914, America entered the conflict on August 6th,1917in response to Germans repetitive violation of the Arabic and Sussexpledges3.The Treaty of Versailles was signed putting an end to the four yearand eleven month conflict in which 9,911,000 death took place.

Throughoutthe nation the population felt and continue to feel the awakening,which President Eisenhower famously referred to as an American‘military-industrial complex’ 63 years later, signifies the startof terrorism, systematic oppression and hypocrisy. This was a verydangerous shift in ideology from the anti-colonial, anti-imperialisttendencies upon which the country was built. In 1823 President JamesMonroe made it clear that any further European efforts to colonizeland in America would be viewed as an act of aggression by thegovernment. The Spanish territory of Cuba was exempted since prior tothe civil war America had intended to colonize it. This smalltechnicality made Cuba ideal for imperialization. A tiny loopholemade it possible for the U.S to snatch just one more piece of landand seized the opportunity to murder an estimated 10,665 humans forit4.The moment America had tasted the forbidden fruit, the imperialistictendencies of America’s corrupted strain of the human nature couldnot be ignored. From that moment, onward U.S government has stoppedto pursue interest overseas.


  1. McGinty, Patrick Eugene. 1986. Intelligence and the Spanish American War.