STAGE AND CHANGES 4
Adolescenceis a development stage that is characterized with big social andemotional changes among the young people. During this stage, thereare numerous changes in the way the young person interacts withfriends and family (Damon et al., 2012). Every child respondsdifferently to these socio-emotional changes. Development of everychild depends on his unique combination of environment, genes andexperiences with community, culture, friends and family. Thesesocio-emotional changes impact family systems in different ways.
Thefirst impact is changes in relationships. When a child isexperiencing these changes, he wants to spend more time with friendsthan family (Damon et al., 2012). In addition, they tend to have morearguments with their parents. Research shows that arguments betweenparents and children during this stage are standard as it shows thatthe child is maturing. For instance, a conversation between a parentand child about schoolwork may seem serious on the parent but thechild perceives it as an argument (Cummings et al., 2010). Further,parents can advise the child on serious issues but the childexperiences it in anger.
DanielLevinson developed a theory of adult development. The theory explainshow growth and development occurs during adult years. The keyconcepts emphasized are stable and transitional period. Stable phaseoccurs when one makes important choices in life while transitionalperiod represents the end of the stage and start of another(Harrington & Terry 2009). Levinson identified six stages ofadulthood.
Thefirst stage is early adult development. The stage occurs when aperson leaves adolescent. A person can now make preliminary decisionsas an adult (Kail & Cavanaugh 2013). The stage occurs between theages of 17 and 22 years. Entering the adult world is the secondstage. Between 22 and 28 years, a person can make choices inlifestyle, love and friendship among others. The third stage definedby Levinson is age 30 transition. The life changes at the age of 30years and one are ready to settle down.
Thefourth level is the settling down stage. The person has a family andis expected to act like a parent. In addition, he has accomplishedhis career goals and had more roles to play (Kail & Cavanaugh2013). The fifth and sixth levels are mid-life transition and middleadulthood respectively. They occur between the age of 40 and 50years. It is a stage of crisis in meaning and value in the life of anindividual. A person realizes how short life is and struggles in anattempt to leave legacy (Harrington & Terry 2009).
Reference Topof Form
Cummings,E. M., Davies, P., & Campbell, S. B. (2010). Developmentalpsychopathology and family process: Theory, research, and clinicalimplications.New York: Guilford.
Damon,W., Lerner, R. M., & Eisenberg, N. (2012). Handbookof Child Psychology Volume 3. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Harrington,N., & Terry, C. L. (2009). LPNto RN transitions: Achieving success in your new role.Philadelphia: Walters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.
Kail,R. V., & Cavanaugh, J. (2013). HumanDevelopment: A Life-Span View(6th ed). Belmont: Cengage Learning/Wadsworth.