Substantive Questions




SubstantiveQuestion 1


Infilms, directors use cameras, lighting and sound to stir up emotions.A camera is a cinematic device. A cinematographer may put the cameraat a higher elevation look down at the artist with the intention ofmaking him/her appear weaker (Timberg, 1982). A closup may also beemployed in order to make the audience feel more compassionate, whilea broad angle shot creates a feeling of objectiveness (Timberg,1982).

Variousemotions are dictated by the degree of lighting. For instance, softlighting implies peace or romance brightly lit light suggesthappiness, dim lighting conveys suspense or nervousness, and stronglighting suggests realism. It is at the center of cinematography andit is deemed as being sensual, inspirational, and technical(Phillips, 2009).

Differentsound effects suggest different emotions. For instance, a sound whichall over a sudden amplifies in volume suggests a sensation ofintensity, impatience, climax, aggressiveness, and concentration(Kaye &amp LeBrecht, 2009). A sound which increasingly amplifies involume suggests a sensation of suspense, patience, ruthlessness,progress, resolution, and pursuit. A sound which little by littledies away conveys a sensation of temporary defeat, suspense andunhappiness (Kaye &amp LeBrecht, 2009).

Anexample in which my emotions changed is Lenny. As explained byMcConkey and Klinge, the use of lighting in the film suggested amood-setting power (1982). In the film, the accident occurrence waswet and dark. The final humiliation where Bruce Lenny is seen lyingdown on a bathroom floor lifeless and unclothed. This picture wassuitably caused to be by gritty, cruelly lighted motionless image.This kind of lighting resulted in negative emotions of sadness. Thefilm was also characterized by bright lighting which suggested assensation of happiness. After Honey was discharged from hospital,when she is making love with Lenny, and when she is posing nudeappears to be the most happiest times and they are also characterizedby bright lighting. These scenes evoked positive emotions ofhappiness and romance.

Thechange of my emotions in the film Lenny was as a result ofcinematography (Goodykoontz, B. &amp Jacobs, 2011). Some of themajor aspects in cinematography are manipulating camera use(adjusting focus and lenses) and lighting play a key role in evokingemotions. In Lenny, the manipulation of light by the cinematographerchanged my emotions in different scenes.


Amovie in which music affected me emotionally is Sleepless inSeattle. Through music, the romance in the movie has been broughtout. According to Goodykoontz &amp Jacobs (2011) &amp Kaye &ampLeBrecht, (2009). music has helped in accelerating the action. Thepassion brought out by the actors is matched with the appropriatemusic. This elicited my emotional response in a positive way byhelping me to be connected with the scenes. Music elicited a feelingof excitement and happiness (Konecni, 1982). The movie has employedvarious songs encompassing Jimmy Durante – Make Someone Happy andDion Celine – When I Fall In Love.. The softness and slowness of thesongs in Sleepless in Seattle assisted in bringing out thecalmness, romance and the actors’ passion which also helps theaudience identify themselves with the movie. This helped in elicitingpositively the feeling of calmness and excitment associated with themovie.

SubstantiveQuestion 2

Directedby Wong Kar-Wai, a highly recognized popular director in the worldtoday, Fallen Angels is among the films in whichcinematography has been used in a creative way. Wong has employed astyle that uses tentative and valiant photography editing, as well asmusic aimed at capturing the pressure of the forthcoming times. Thevideo develops characters as well as their roles and brings themtogether similar to photo montage. Wong uses the characters in thefilm as subjects. Fallen Angels is considered as an exemplarywork that interweaves two exciting tales of seclusion and love. Thefilm is characterized by an unconsummated love affair that existsbetween Michele Reis and Leon Ming. Ming is a contract killer whileReis is a ravishing woman who reserves Ming’s tasks and doescleanups after the completion of jobs. The love affair is followed byisolation when Ming makes a decision of moving on and leaves Reiswith just a coin.

SubstantiveQuestion 3

InHollywood’s Role in Shaping Values (1988), David Puttnam,the filmmaker, converses with Moyers Bill regarding the status ofcinema in America in the contemporary time. They also discuss how thesociety can be reflected by films. In the films, Puttnam sees how thestate has been reflected being unusual with itself. During this erathat is characterized by visual image, the virtues and vices imitatedby politics are made attractive by popular culture. Puttnam isacknowledged as a supporter of moral and quality standards andprinciples in Hollywood, an industry that is believed to have beentainted by money. In Hollywood’s Role in Shaping Values, Puttnamtogether with Moyers talks about the stories individuals utter aboutthemselves in films and how viewing them mirrors and shapes thesociety they live in. it can be said that individuals standingoutside our society frequently perceive it with lens createdprecisely by perception and distance.

SubstantiveQuestion 4

TheArt of Film (2003)simply talks about the art of film making. What makes individualsremember specific films or TV programs over others? Certainly, thetale being narrated is the answer to this question. The series of theopening title can also be a good answer to this question. The mannerin which a film opens contributes much as far as remembrance isconcerned. The initial scene of a movie is what sets individuals’expectations of a certain film. The artof the film providesa series which articulates in individuals’ imaginative side. Thetitle of the film offers a link between graphic design, art ofcinematography and visual culture in general. The title of the movieoffers significant information to the audience. Animation was one ofthe features that were adopted for enhancing film titles. Typographyand digital graphics have greatly influenced the art of filmmakingand has resulted in motion design.

SubstantiveQuestion 5

CinemaAsia: Iran (2007),directed by Abbas Kiarostami, occurs frequently at movie festivals.Kiarostami is a renowned film director, and his creation of thecurrent film is one of his great works. CinemaAsia: Iran isan attractive film that covers the dawdling revival of Iranian movieindustry. The manipulation of cinematography sets including lighting,use of camera, editing and sound has given the film a feeling ofemotions from the audience. The Ministryof Culture and Islamic Guidance hasmade use of puritanical censorship. As a result, filmmakers in Iranhave put together unique cinematic styles, which include substitutingviolence, sex and special impacts for humanist narratives on a dailylife. CinemaAsia: Iran hasemployed one characteristic that appeared to be principallyoutstanding. It was the employment of child central character to telltales which would not be allowed with adult protagonists under thesupervision of the ministry.


Goodykoontz,B. &amp Jacobs, C. (2011). Film:From Watching to Seeing.San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education Inc.

Kaye,D. &amp LeBrecht, J. (2009). Soundand music for the theatre: The art and technique of design.Focal Press.

Klinge,P &amp McConkey, L. (1982). Introductionto film structure.Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.

Konecni,V. J. (1982). Socialinteraction and musical preference. The Psychology of Music.New York: Academic Press, Inc.

Phillips,W. H. (2009). Film:An introduction(4th ed.). New York, NY: Bedford/ St. Martin’s.

Timberg,B. (1982). Therhetoric of the camera in television soap opera. Television: TheCritical View.(3rd ed). New York: Oxford.