Syntax and Semantics 2
Stringa, “Sally bought a computer”, is a sentence of English language.The syntax and semantics are accurate and correct. There is anappropriate arrangement of noun, verb, and adjective. The sentencehas an accurate form and is semantically correct since it has meaningand makes sense.
Sentenceb, “I explained him how it work” is semantically correct sentenceof English, but syntactically incorrect. The arrangement of wordsdoes not adhere to the grammatical rules of the language of English.The sentence does not have a preposition to link the verb‘explained’, to the pronoun, ‘him’. Additionally, since thepronoun ‘it’ is in singular, the verb, ‘work’, should be insingular. Syntactically speaking, the sentence is not grammaticallycorrect. However, it is semantically correct. Any reader canunderstand the meaning of the sentence, since the writer has used keywords, which reflect the overall meaning of the sentence.
Correctsentence: “I explained to him how it works”.
Sentencec, “bob slept not last night” is syntactically incorrect, butsemantically correct. Syntactically, the sentence combines positiveand negative statements in a single sentence without followingappropriate rules of English language. The present of ‘not’, inthe middle of the sentence without correct connections and helpingverbs. Semantically, the sentence makes sense. Bob is the name of aperson. People sleep at night, but may decide otherwise.
Correctsentence: “Bob did not sleep last night”.
Sentenced, “this my friend is coming over”, is syntactically incorrect,but semantically correct. The form does not adhere to grammaticalrules of English language. The arrangement of descriptive andpossessive pronouns, verbs, and prepositions, does not adhere to theEnglish grammatical rules. However, the sentence is semanticallycorrect, since it refers to the action of a friend coming over tovisit the writer.
CorrectSentence: “My friend is coming over”.
Thesentences demonstrate that syntaxes focus on sentence structures andforms, while semantics evaluate whether a sentence makes sense basedon true/false meters. A sentence can be syntactically accurate, butfail to make sense.