Technological Advances during World War 1

TechnologicalAdvances during World War 1

Theworldwitnesseda lotof technological advancesintheyearsbefore theFirst World Warbroke.Thiswasdespite thefactthatthistechnology wasnot appreciated.Militaryleadersdidnot considertheimpactsof theweaponsin thebattle.Whenthewarstarted,themostcommonlyusedweaponthat could beassociatedwith newtechnology wasthemachinegun,which wasseenasa weaponto supporttheinfantry.However,with time,sophisticatedweaponsemergedandthismarkedthebeginningof technological advancesduring thewar.During thiswar,modernartillerywasintroducedto thebattlefield.Thispaperdiscussesthetechnological advancesthat tookplaceduring theFirst World War. Thepaperwill highlight someof themachinesusedduringthewarandtheimpacttheyhadon thewaroutcome.WorldWar 1 Technological advancements

Withthe advancementin artillerytechnology, there werenumerouschangesin thegunsusedto fight.Thewarsawtheintroductionof gunsthat would fireforlongdistances,which replacedthelong-range gunsthat wereusedbefore.Forexample,theGermans inventedthe“Paris gun”that could fireshotswithin a radiusof sixty miles.Usingthisgun,thesoldierscould preventthemselves from dangersince theywerepositionedat a distancefarawayfrom thetarget.Anothertechnological advancementwitnessedduringthiswarwastheuseof tanks,which werepowered by engines.Fightertanksmadeitpossibleforsoldiersto movetowards their targetandstrikeat a closerange.Machinegunscould bemountedon thetankswith armoredtreads,themilitarycould movewith a lotof easein roughterrainandthisensuredthattheycould accessmanyareas.Britons werethefirstto designthetankwhentheycameup with theBritish Mark I in 1915, which wasfollowedby theRenault FT manufacturedby theFrench (Simon 50).

Theuseof thepoisonousgascan alsoberegardedas anotherformof technology that significantly alteredtheFirst World War. TheGermans firstusedchemicalweaponswhentheylaunchedgasattacksagainst theRussians thiswasin 1915. Althoughthepoisonwasfrozenby lowtemperatures,theGermans succeededin usingthepoisonousgasduring thesameyearto attackcolonialtroopsthat werefightingforFrance. Allied forcesdevised a methodof fightingtheeffectsof thegasthrough wearinggasmasks.However,thiswasnot successfulin thelongrunas themilitarythat usedchemicalweaponsdevised startedusingcompoundsthat could penetratethemasksandkilltheenemies(Willbanks 63).

TheFirst World War alsowitnessedtheincreasedusageof aircraft. Attackscould be launchedusingfighterjetsthat werestrategically positionedto attacktheenemywithout beingnoticed.During thisperiod,thecontrolof airtrafficalsobecamea commonphenomenon,andthisensuredthatthere wasan interactionbetween thepilotandsoldiersin themilitarycamps.TheUnited States Army can becreditedfortheinstallationof operational radiosin planes,which enhancedtwo-way communication(GaldorisiandThomas 17). Thedevelopment,which startedin 1915, becamemoreadvancedin 1916, with techniciansmanagingto sendtelegraphmessageswithin a distanceof morethan one hundred miles.Communicationbetween severalplanesthat werein flightalsobecamea realitypilotsmanagedto communicate&nbspandshareinformation aboutthesituationin the battlefied(Simon 50).

Anothermajortechnological advancementduring theFirst World War wastheuseof submarinesandbattleships,which wereveryinstrumentalin fightingwarswhilepositionedin thehighseas. Through theuseof battleships,itbecameeasyto transportsoldiers,as wellas weaponstothesoldiers.Theshipsalsohelpedin fightingsince theycould be usedto attackenemyaircrafts. Shipswerealsousedas airplanecarrierstheycould be usedforlaunchingtheaircrafts,as wellas forlandingpurposes.Planescould belandedon movingshipsandthisensuredthatattackson theenemywerewellconducted.Theuseof flamethrowers can alsobeconsideredas anothertechnological advancement,which tookplaceduring theWorld War 1. Thistechnology wasmainlyusedin trenchwarswhereenemysoldierscould be destroyedwhilehidingin thetrenches.German troopsusedtheflamethrowers morethan anyotherarmyduring thewar.Usingthistechnology,itwaspossibleto burnenemysoldiersaliveandensurethattheir hideoutsweredestroyedcompletely(Willbanks 65).

Theusetracer bulletswasalsocommonduring theFirst World War. Theinventionof thesebulletswasmadeby theBritishwhousedto fightduring thenightusingbulletsthat could emitsmallflames.Theflamesemittedby thebulletsusedto leavea trailandthismadeitpossibleto fightat night.Wirelesstelegraphy wasanothertechnological advancementthattookcenterstageduring theFirst World War. Through thistechnology, communicationbetween shipsat sea becameeasier.In addition,there wasinventionof thetelephoneandradio,which madecommunicationon landpossibleandallowedtheexchangeof messagesto manypeople.TheFirst World War ledto the invention ofadvancedmedicine,which wasinstrumentalin cuttingdown thedeathratesandreducingthenumberof casualtieswhosuccumbedto warinjuries.Developmentsin themedicalfieldensuredthatsoldiersweretreatedusingadvancedmedicaltechnology. Forexample,surgeriescould be conductedonsoldiersto removebullets,andsomeof them could evencontinuefightingafter theyrecovered(GaldorisiandThomas 19).

Thediscoveryof hydrophones wasalsoanothertechnological advancementthat tookplaceduring theFirst World War. Thehydrophones weremicrophonesthat could workin water.With theuseof thisdevice,itwaspossibleto locateenemyboatsapproachingone’sterritory.Thisenabledsoldiersto takecoverandbe preparedto dealwith attacksfrom theenemies.Thehydrophones usedto tellboththedistanceanddirectionof an underwaterobject.Forexample,U-Boats that were25 milesawaycould be detectedusinghydrophones (Willbanks 66).Conclusion

TheFirst World War markedthebeginningof thewidespreaduseof sophisticatedmachineryandadvancedtechnology. Unlike thepastwarswherethemilitaryartilleryusedwasnot advanced,World War One heraldeda revolutionarychangein theuseof weapons.One of thetechnological advancementsin thisperiodwastheuseof aircrafts. Havingbeendiscovereda decade before thewar,airplanesgainedwidespreadpopularityduring theFirst World War. Theuseof submarinesandbattleshipswasalsoa commonpracticein thewar.Missileattackscould belaunchedfrom warshipsandthismadeiteasierto target an enemywhilehidingin thesea. Othertechnological advancementsincludedtheuseof poisonousgases,which formedpartof chemicalweaponsusedin thewar.

WorksCited

Galdorisi,George, and Thomas Phillips. LeaveNo Man Behind: The Saga of Combat Search and Rescue.St. Paul, Minn: MBI, 2007. Print.

Simon,Zoltán. TheDouble-Edged Sword: The Technological Sublime in American Novelsbetween 1900 and 1940.Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. Print.

Willbanks,James H. MachineGuns: An Illustrated History of Their Impact.Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, 2004. Print.