The CRAAP Test

TheCRAAP Test

TheCRAAP Test

Researchon the benefits and health effects of GMO products has elicitedcontentions and health concerns. Proponents of GMO products cite foodsecurity as one of the fundamental goals in biotechnology, whileopponents associate gene alterations in GMO as having potentialeffects to human health. The arguments presented are based onextensive research and evidence collected from developing nations’food security indices. The following report takes a One-Thumb-Up,One-Thumb-Down to establish the positive and negative effects of GMOson human health.

One-Thumb-Up

Globalwarming, environmental degradation, population growth, and otherclimatic changes, are affecting the overall food productivity in theworld. The effect is severe in developing countries, and otherat-risk regions experiencing low rainfall and extreme weatherconditions that cannot sustain food production. However,biotechnology has enhanced production of different foodstuffs bycreating resistant, fast growing commodities through gene improvementand hybridization. This has made it possible to sustain foodproduction and counter the global effects in developing andunderdeveloped countries.

CRAAPTest

Qaim,M., &amp Kouser, S. (2013). Genetically modified crops and foodsecurity. PloSone,&nbsp8(6),e64879. Retrieved fromhttp://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0064879

Currency:Thearticle was published in 2013, making it accurate with currentaffairs and occurrences in the world. It establishes a reduction of15-20% in food security between 2012 and 2013. The paper wasreceived, scrutinized and accepted for publication in 2013.

Reliability:The information presented explores the benefits of GMOs to foodsecurity. This information is related to the topic underinvestigation, and offers detailed analysis of GMOs to caloriesconsumption. The research is usable in advanced research since it isexploratory and conclusive. The research targets a dynamic audienceincluding food experts, governments, biotechnologists andnutritionists.

Authority:The research was funded by the German Research Foundation, whichsupports projects based on relevance and importance. Both researcherswork at the department of Agricultural Economics atGeorg-August-University of Goettingen, hence making them qualified toresearch and write on this topic. The source gives a link to theauthors’ emails.

Accuracy:The research took 6 years to complete using expostanalysis methods and comprehensive panel data at the micro level. Itsmethodology was appropriate and followed multistage samplingprocedure. The data relied on raw, verifiable data and interviews tocrosscheck whether data collected correlated with participants’contributions. The information does not have any spelling, grammar,or typographical error. Statistical tools were employed to test andeliminate errors.

Purpose:The information aims at illustrating the impact of GMOs in enhancingnutrients’ intake among smallholder farmers. The authors use factsto justify the importance of GMOs to food security. The research isnot founded on political, ideological, cultural, or institutionalbias, but rather on facts collected using years of research.

One-Thumb-Down

GMOsengineering takes place by altering genes using biotechnologicallytested bacteria and virus, but which pose adverse long-term effectson human health. Gene alteration using seconder metabolites may posehealth problems to humans.

CRAAPTest

Kaya,I. H. (2012). Genetically Modified Crops and Human Health. Journalof Animal and Veterinary Advances 11(9),3613-3617. Retrieved fromhttp://docsdrive.com/pdfs/medwelljournals/javaa/2012/3613-3617.pdf

Currency:Theresearch was published in 2012, hence making it current. The articlehas not been updated, but offers current information related to theresearch topic. The article is easily accessible in print andelectronic formats.

Reliability:The research topic follows the current topic’s objective. The maintarget audience is the Public Health Regulatory Agencies, which areexpected to investigate the actual effects based on the paper’sfindings. The researcher uses animals to test GMO effects, andfollows the longstanding research process of using animals for testsbefore initiating human tests. The information is usable in otherstudies.

Authority:Kaya Iraz is a researcher at the Institute of Biotechnology,University of Ankara, Turkey. The publishing journal is one of thecredible and largest privately run journals. Additionally, the authoris qualified to research on animal products towards findings effectsof GMO on humans. The article gives the author’s affiliation andcontact institution.

Accuracy:The article offers possibilities of GMO effects on humans based onanimal tests. There is no primary data on human effects. Although thedata lacks factual reference to humans, the animals used have beenused to conduct other associated tests on diseases and have generatedpositive results. The paper does not have grammatical or typographicerrors. The tone is not biased, but strongly speculative.

Purpose:The information calls upon public health regulatory agencies toexpand research and verify whether GMO effects on animals can beexperienced in humans. From the results, GMO affect gene formationand cause adverse effects to body cells. The conclusion is objective.

References

Kaya,I. H. (2012). Genetically Modified Crops and Human Health. Journalof Animal and Veterinary Advances 11(9),3613-3617. Retrieved fromhttp://docsdrive.com/pdfs/medwelljournals/javaa/2012/3613-3617.pdf

Qaim,M., &amp Kouser, S. (2013). Genetically modified crops and foodsecurity. PloSone,&nbsp8(6),e64879. Retrieved fromhttp://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0064879