The Future of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic

TheFuture of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic

Thesethree countries in the Caribbean basin witnessed the most dramaticchallenges in the 1980s (Knight 23). The significance of the eventsin the region derived primarily from the level of superpowerinvolvement in the region, the highest it had been since the CubanMissile Crisis in 1962 (34). However, the tensions of the 1980s weremuch broader than the missile crisis. The regional demands for moresignificant social, economic, and political change had finally boiledover into a revolution. A successful revolution by Marxist guerrillasspread across the region with a lot of Cuban influence. They had somany challenges ranging from military government that imposeddespotism on people, drugs wars, and large-scale human migration asrefugees to the shackles of war and poverty that made the threenations comes to terms with the debt debris. Yet, above all in theregional conflict, the end of the cold war remains the mostsignificant development of for the three countries. It provided theopportunity for the countries to integrate their aspirations withother countries in the Caribbean. For instance, by the end of 1990,Cuba remained isolated from the rest by embargoes imposed on it bythe United States during the cold war and the OAS in acounter-productive U.S policy based as much on domestic policies andhistorical spite as on consideration of realpolitik.

TheFuture and what it holds for the three countries

Thechallenges that these countries face through the post-millennial eraare more or less a slight variation of the dilemmas of the pastcentury(Rogozinski 19). They are not unique in either kind ormagnitude. There are also new opportunities that lie ahead as theyopen new chapters in their countries’ history. They have thecapabilities to integrate in the international community and forgeforward to defeat the challenges they faced in the last century (27).They should also be strengthened by the common heritage they shareand a shared future. It is also critical to recognize that theirdivergence that has characterised the three nations. The future ofthese nations largely lies in their ability to transform theirglobalization ideas, constituent representation, strengthen economicand democratic institutions, and an economic that allows public–private partnerships. Cuba and the Dominican Republic are stillpartially driven economic models that are not yet integrated in theglobal economy of the twenty-first century (Higman 5). Transformingthese country’s economies into modern models will allow them tobenefit from the movement of labor and capital that characterises themodern economy.

Thecurrent leadership has a lot to do in terms of projecting theireconomies and their societies on the international stage. The sharedhistory gives the three countries the reason to pursue integration.They should integrate their economies and their people based on deepand strong inner structures of industry, knowledge-based research anddevelopment, technology. Puerto Rico can use its strategic positionas a U.S territory to infuse new trends into Cuba and the DominicanRepublic (Higman 7). The greatest challenge that lies ahead for thethree nations is to develop a complex institutional foundation forfunctional cooperation to enable them overcome the cumulative effectsof past challenges. The foundation is the best way to design anddevelop the infrastructures of procompetitivenss, establishingsecurity systems for combating social threats such as drug trade anddisease.


Higman,Barry, AConcise History of the Caribbean.Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print.

Knight,Franklin W. &quotTheCaribbean: The genesis of a fragmented nationalism.&quotOUP Catalogue (2011). Print.

Rogozinski,Jan. ABrief History of the Caribbean: From the Arawak and the Carib to thePresent.Facts On File, 1999. Print.