TheImpact of Globalizationon the state is generally positive
Globalizationis characterized by the establishment of global bodies andinstitutions that impact on social, economic and political aspects ofa country. As the world is turning into a global village, individualstates across the globe have experienced diverse impacts of theglobalization phenomenon. Individual states are feeling the effectsof globalization at different levels, but the overall impact ispositive than negative. While there is a notion that globalizationhas negative impacts on states, it is rationally prudent to recognizethe positive impacts of globalization. The discussion in this paperwill illustrate that the impact of globalization has been generallypositive.
Oneof the most significant impacts of globalization is the opening ofeconomic opportunities to the global population. Globalization hasincreased economic integration of countries through trade that leadsto the expansion of commerce for millions of people around the world(Scholte32).Before the development of the benefits of globalization, trade waslimited by the confines of the state and the few agreements thecountry had made with partner nations. However, through the processof globalization, mechanisms have been set for expanding businessesof individual citizens and organization to the global level(Reinsdorfand Slaughter 29).Through globalization, the global market for all goods and servicesproduced in the world has been developed (Smith9).Through the access to the global markets, millions of people areexposed to opportunities for trade and commerce.
Atthe same time, globalization has enhanced the production of productsand services that are unique to each country due to trade.Globalization enables trade to take place in an efficient manner thatallows countries to specialize in the production of goods andservices they are competitive in (Smith14).As a result, the economic concepts of competitive advantage areenabled through international trade. When each country concentrateson the production of products it is endowed with, trade becomes theprocess that allows them to exchange their mutual benefits (Reinsdorfand Slaughter 37).As a result, a nation develops its economy at all aspects even if itis not endowed with everything. This is because globalization createsa platform of importing the goods and services as well as expertisethat a nation lacks.
Globalizationimpacts positively on the utilization, natural resources that acountry is endowed with. Globalization involves sharing ideas andtechnological expertise that inspires a state to discover and utilizeits natural resources (Scholte21).Through education and technological exchange programs, experts oneconomic resources learn how to exploit natural resources in othercountries as well as domicile countries. For instance, theexploitation of oil and natural gas in developing countries is mostlydominated by the western expertise. Through increased impacts ofglobalization, more economic resources are discovered in developingcountries by experts that are the imported from the developedcountries (Ashford and Hall 28). Therefore, globalization contributespositively to the economic development of states through theinfluence of other states.
Theglobalization process has positively impacted on states by allowingthem to share in the global technological developments.Technologically, globalization has been the main phenomenon that canbe credited with the current developments at the global level. Thedevelopment of the internet for instance is one of the mostsignificant aspects of world interaction and communication (Reinsdorfand Slaughter 49).This is because the internet has enabled states to easily relate,communicate and develop social, political and economic platforms formutual benefit. As a result, the internet has become the mostpowerful tool for globalization by delinking nations from theconventional geographical alienation of states to global convergence.The impact of the technological gains from global developments islimitless to individual states.
Throughthe exploitation of global technologies and developments, countrieshave been empowered to develop their economies in ways that theycould not have done individually. Through globalization on thetechnological environment, countries have created new economicsectors and industries that lead to income for the local citizens(Ashford and Hall 41). For instance, countries like the Philippineshave been able to use the internet to export their expertise throughbusiness process outsourcing and create industries that power theirlocal economies. At the same time, eCommerce has helped countries todevelop their traditional industries by exposing their production toglobal customers and investors. As a result, the economies ofindividual states have grown due to globalization compared to theirindividual potential.
Throughthe development of international economic bodies, states havebenefited through the assistance that such institutions provide. Someof the main beneficial global institutions include the World Bank andInternational Monetary Fund among others. These institutions provideinvestment funding, capital, financial expertise and businessplatforms that benefit individual countries (Ashford and Hall 43). Inaddition, these institutions provide important research thatevaluates the progress of individual states at the global arena. Thishelps the countries to realize their economic potential and developtheir economies.
Onthe political scene, globalization has led to the development ofdemocracy and inclusive governance in some states. This is because ofthe exchange of governance ideals and political ideologies throughthe acquisition of education and information that is brought about byglobalization. One of the main political impacts in the world hasbeen colonization of countries by others. While colonization iscondemned as an economic exploitative period, the era saw the openingup of the colonized countries to the modern civilization. Accordingto Stegerand James(35), onset of modernity transforms countries to embrace betterideologies for a better future. As a result, countries that wereinitially led by ruthless traditional and medieval-style rulers wereopened to western democracy. The introduction of democracy in thesestates led to the improvement of their economies and socialstructures compared to the pre-colonial era.
Inthe current day, globalization has developed from the colonial styleto an equal exchange of political ideologies that has transformedcountries (Stegerand James 19).This transformation is not limited to the political set ups, but alsoin the economic and social structures. For instance, the developmentof more democratic Middle East countries is as a result of theinfluence of the western democratic ideologies that are spread by thewestern media. It is worth noting that the spread of this democraticspace has not been limited to politics only, but also in terms ofsocial and economic freedom of citizens in these countries (Maldini196).This can be explained by the fact that the recent revolutions andrevolts of the dictatorial regimes in these regions were highlyinspired by the use of social media by the citizens of these states.
Characteristically,globalization benefits individual states by promotinginter-connectedness between societies (Maldini194).As a result, the local societies learn positive aspects from theforeign societies. Positive ideals are exchanged between countriesthrough the social platforms that are enabled by the globalizationphenomenon. The development of inclusive societies, for instance, isas a result of learning the inclusivity that other countries embracein making decisions. This is the main reason that some countries havelearnt to appreciate people of other races or tribes by appreciatingsocial diversity (Maldini194).For instance, the end of discrimination along racial lines is onlymade possible when the local societies get to learn the ideals of theother race that they previously disregard in their state.
Theimpact of globalization on the security scene has characteristicallybeen positive individual states than it has been negative. Throughglobalization, there has been a massive sharing of securityinformation at the global stage in the quest to fight global crime.The establishment of global bodies such as the international police,Interpol benefits individual states in fighting global crimes thatthey could not have done individually. Moreover, the assistance thatindividual countries get from global conventional against economicand terrorist crimes is significant in protecting citizens ofindividual citizens. As a result, the world has been unified in thefight against crime than before.
Whileglobalization has been labeled to have negative effects, the positiveimpacts are far much greater. Globalization benefits a countryeconomically by expanding opportunities for the local citizensthrough trade. At the same time, exploitation of resources isfacilitated through the exchange of expertise and technology. Inaddition, globalization impacts positively by opening a state tobetter governance ideas and democratic ideals. As a result,individual states grow politically and socially through sharing ofideologies and social inclusivity. Moreover, globalizationfacilitates the security of individual states through global securityagencies and sharing of information. The benefits of discussedillustrates that the impact of globalization has been positive onstates.
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