USA from Relative Isolation to International Role

Student’s Name 6

USAfrom Relative Isolation to International Role

Titleof course,

Fromthe Spanish-American War until the present why does the United Statesmove from relative isolation into an international role and what arethe consequences for the U.S. society of that change?1

Sincethe time of the time of the Spanish-American War until the present,the United States went from relative isolation to increased globalinvolvement because it is involved in most policies and worldpolitics that shape regional geopolitics. Due to greater involvementin world politics, there have been some consequences to the Americansociety.

Sincethe Spanish-American War and the independence of Cuba, Guam andPhilippines, the USA has participated in almost all majorcircumstances in the world. It participated in World War I and WorldWar II. It has also participated in other occurrences such as thecold war, revival of Europe’s economy, Vietnam and Korean Wars,Middle East conflicts and other revolutions in the Arab world(Niebuhr 2010, 41)2.America’s involvement has continuously increased due to variousfactors that surround the U.S. society. One of the main issues thathas made USA participate in many world affairs is their spirit ofliberty and democracy. The idea of spreading their capitalistdoctrine in the world has also faced many challenges even to theAmerican society itself. The emergence of two superpowers after theend of World War II, USA and the Soviet Union facilitated thearticulation of different doctrines in the world. Communism appealedto most societies in the world therefore, challenging the Americancapitalist ideas(Ladenburg 2007)3.The spread of an ideology led to the emergence of the Cold War thatdirectly imparted to the American society in different ways. First,the cold war facilitated emergence of conflicts in most third worldcountries therefore, evicting American investors. Another negativeimpact to the American society was built of fear of an emergence of anuclear war with the Soviet Union. The situation accelerated toacquisition of nuclear missiles by Cuba therefore, a direct threatto the American society(Marshall n.d.)4.

Americahas also been involved in rescuing Europe’s economy after itsdestruction by the World War II. Involvement included funding,reconstructions of industries and other factors that led to damagingof the U.S. economy. The strain in the economy adversely affected theAmerican society in that their currency was almost inflated.Inflation of the economy raised the living standards in the U.S.

America’sinvolvement in wars in Vietnam, Korea and other indirect conflictsindirectly influenced the American society. The Vietnam Warspecifically, evoked various challenges in the USA’s society.Racial segregation emerged with the use of African-Americans in thebattle front. Other movements on the USA, such as the pan-Africanmovement gained ground and agitated for better and fair treatment ofAfrican Americans. The situation elevated the divide in the Americansociety between the Caucasian and the African-Americans. The divideruns deeper even today and costs the unity of U.S. therefore thepolitics and other negative conflicts have emerged in the Americansociety(MLK 1967)5.

Involvementin international society by the USA has also facilitated emergence offamous leaders and public figures that have shaped the world policy.Scholars such as MLK Dyson have emerged and criticized most policiesthat the U.S. government has implemented. USA has also been involvedin other issues such as support for the existence of the state ofIsrael. Israel came into existence in 1948 after USA facilitated itsestablishment through resettlement of willing Jews population fromUSA and other parts of the world. The idea created Israel and anegative impact on the Islamic-Arab world(Friedan n.d.)6.The Arab world accuses USA of supporting the demarcation of Palestineand the killing of the Islamic population. After Israel’sestablishment, the Arab world turned against the Americans andanything they supported. The situation was escalated by theirinvolvement with the Mujahideen in the Afghanistan war against theSoviet Union.

America’sinvolvement in the Arab world has created further divide and risk forthe U.S. society. The revolutionist’s ideas have empowered the willof radicals to continuously wage a terror war against the Americansand their friends(Roosevelt 1941)7.The American society has suffered the brutal acts of terror such asthe 1998 East Africa bombings and the 2001 bombings of the WorldTrade Centre in USA. The American society has also endured tougherworld hatred after the intervention of USA in Afghanistan and Iraq inthe first and the second gulf wars.

ThroughUSA’s involvement in world politics, women have also receivedgreater equity and equality in the world. Since the First World War,men were greatly involved in the war and women were left behind andventured in jobs that were previously done by men(Johnson 1968)8.Since then, feminist theorists and leaders have facilitated supportof women even in other patriarchal societies(Halsall 1998)9.Today, American society is a pioneer of equality and equitytherefore, facilitating empowerment of women in the society.

Inconclusion, the American society has greatly changed due to themovement of the USA from relative isolation it was in before itventured in world policies in 1898 to the modern USA that ventures inevery aspect of world politics.

References

Friedan,Betty. &quotThe Feminist Mystique.&quot cuny.edu.n.d.http://websupport1.citytech.cuny.edu/Faculty/pcatapano/US2/US%20Documents/mystique.htm(accessed November 24, 2014).

Halsall,Paul. &quotThe Eisenhower Doctrine on the Middle East, A Message toCongress, January 5, 1957.&quot fordham.edu.November 1998.http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1957eisenhowerdoctrine.html(accessed November 24, 2014).

Johnson,Lyndon B. &quotPresident Lyndon B. Johnson`s Address to the NationAnnouncing Steps To limit the War in Vietnam and Reporting HisDecision Not To Seek Reelection.&quot utexas.edu.March 31, 1968.http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/680331.asp(accessed November 24, 2014).

Ladenburg,Thomas. &quotVietnamization.&quot digitalhistory.uh.edu.2007.http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/teachers/lesson_plans/pdfs/unit12_9.pdf(accessed 11 4, 2014).

Marshall.&quotThe Marshall Plan.&quot archives.gov.n.d.http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/marshall_plan/(accessed November 24, 2014).

MLK.&quotBeynd Vietnam.&quot stanford.edu.April 4, 1967.http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/documentsentry/doc_beyond_vietnam/(accessed November 24, 2014).

Niebuhr,Reinhold. TheIrony of American History.New York: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Roosevelt,Franklin D. &quotThe roosevelt`s War Message.&quot msustennisedu.December 8, 1941. http://130.18.140.19/stennis/FDRwarmessage.html(accessed November 24, 2014).

Truman,Harry s. &quotTruman Doctrine.&quot yale.edu.March 12, 1947. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/trudoc.asp(accessed November 24, 2014).

1 Friedan, Betty. &quotThe Feminist Mystique.&quot cuny.edu. n.d. http://websupport1.citytech.cuny.edu/Faculty/pcatapano/US2/US%20Documents/mystique.htm (accessed November 24, 2014).

2 Niebuhr, Reinhold. The Irony of American History. New York: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

3 Ladenburg, Thomas. &quotVietnamization.&quot digitalhistory.uh.edu. 2007. http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/teachers/lesson_plans/pdfs/unit12_9.pdf (accessed 11 4, 2014).

4 Marshall. &quotThe Marshall Plan.&quot archives.gov. n.d. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/marshall_plan/ (accessed November 24, 2014).

5 MLK. &quotBeynd Vietnam.&quot stanford.edu. April 4, 1967. http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/documentsentry/doc_beyond_vietnam/ (accessed November 24, 2014).

6 Friedan, Betty. &quotThe Feminist Mystique.&quot cuny.edu. n.d. http://websupport1.citytech.cuny.edu/Faculty/pcatapano/US2/US%20Documents/mystique.htm (accessed November 24, 2014).

7 Roosevelt, Franklin D. &quotThe roosevelt`s War Message.&quot msustennisedu. December 8, 1941. http://130.18.140.19/stennis/FDRwarmessage.html (accessed November 24, 2014).

8 Johnson, Lyndon B. &quotPresident Lyndon B. Johnson`s Address to the Nation Announcing Steps To limit the War in Vietnam and Reporting His Decision Not To Seek Reelection.&quot utexas.edu. March 31, 1968. http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/680331.asp (accessed November 24, 2014).

9 Halsall, Paul. &quotThe Eisenhower Doctrine on the Middle East, A Message to Congress, January 5, 1957.&quot fordham.edu. November 1998. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1957eisenhowerdoctrine.html (accessed November 24, 2014).