Waste Management Student`s



TheUnited Nations has been a worldwide organization aimed at solving theglobal problems be it warfare, environmental destruction and morerecently it has also made waste management a nut to crack (Afon etal.2007, p.193-204). In my recent visit to the developing worldcountries I have discovered how waste management has turned to be afinancial as well as an environmental problem (Ulfik et al.2014). Atour to Kenya in my recent vacation holiday proved how the problem isa menace. Kenya is only a representative of the actual situation inthose countries. A tour round its capital city left many questionsunanswered. Heaps of garbage was along the streets as well as loadsof rubbish in the city’s pavements. The situation worsens uponvisiting a busy market place. Thousands of flies all over the placeand the stench is quite unbearable. A people so ignorant are quiteevident. Many are seen eating and throwing papers as well as refuseall over and recklessy.The sight of City council askaris frightensmajority who flee or collect the refuse around them. Those whose thepolicemen’s presence does not affect are bundled into a police caramidst a real row and nasty confrontation arising between them andthe men in blue. This is so saddening and I was left with my mouthwide agape as I looked at the scenario which to me is only visible inthe movies. The place was unbearably rowdy and noisy and the litteraround worsens the situation. My friend and I could not stomach itany longer and opted to leave.

Upongetting out of the unpleasant place, we decided to tour the suburbsas well as outskirts of the city. Our first stop was at a slum whichI barely remember the name due to what actually we witnessed. A groupof men are seen sited along a muddy road as well as a stream ofsewage runs near them. We look at it and it is black and a chockingsmell emanates from the place.I we go on walking my friend is hit bysomething in a black nylon paper bag.Whoops! The smell is quiteunbearable besides being irritating. We bend over and on a quick andcareful scrutiny at the content of the paper we see fresh humanwaste. A thought crosses my mind. This is what my lecturer oftenreferred to as ‘flying toilets’ (Murray, 2014, p.81-101). Amention of which was unbelievable and that had in the recent past andhad left all of us bursting into laughter. My friend is deeplyirritated as well as being quite disgusted. We leave the place inhurry as well as we lament severally. We stumble upon pieces of glasslying recklessly ads well as industries’ refuse. Amazingly enoughis how various plants are seen growing big and healthy in the sewagestream. Most of the population sources their food from the sewagestream. This is learnt from an interview we conduct on one of theinhabitants.

Anexperience from a visit to a middle level hospital is no different.Patients who are quite squeezed in their beds are seen being in realshambles. The floor is unclean as well as the place looking sountidy. This leaves a lot to be desired because the health centersare the places least expected to be untidy. There was no specifiedand well constructed sewage drainage system. The washrooms wereblocked and dirty water flew as soon as one tried to enter. In thepatients’ wards there were papers all over as well as unwantedmaterials (Murray, 2014, p.81-101).

Ournext stop was near the most industrialized parts in the country. Thiswas where the industries were located. We coughed severally due tothe chocking fumes that the industries emitted. One of the mostpoisonous fumes released was the oxide of sulphur six. More to thatwas the presence all the oxides of carbon well pronounced in thearea. One wonders how the surrounding inhabitants live. This explainsthe reason for the high number of respiratory diseases experienced inthe area (Afon et al.2007, p.193-204).What is to be expected of thecarcinogenic emissions?

Ourfinal destination was where one of mu long time Kenyan friend lived.What met our sight was first an overflowing heap of rubbish. Dirtylooking individuals were seen fighting at the pit for what seemed asa struggle to collect the refuse which on further interview werealized that their source of these homeless folks in the streets(Afon et al.2007, p.81-101).The situation was no better when weentered the premises. To our amazement the surrounding was litteredmy Kenyan friend’s place been no exception.

Onquestioning him he insisted on the ignorance of the people which leadto their adopting this dangerous care free behavior. The bulk problemtherefore lies in the ignorance of the people. This is a populationwho are not bothered by the unpleasant smell surrounding them as wellas the ghastly heaps of garbage surrounding them. Therefore thesolution to this starts with the people. The United Nations havingrealized this have conducted various conferences to educate thispeople in an attempt to make them change(Ulfik et al.2014).TheHabitat which is one of the organs of the United Nations hasembarked on conducting several educational programs whose aims areemphasizing on proper waste management for the general good of themasses. Other educational facilities should adopt a similar move.This will help the masses realizes the risks they expose themselvesto, by living this dangerous type of lifestyle. Incentives shouldalso be given to those individuals who adopt and implement theadvised move. This acts as a motivation to the rest (Ulfik etal.2014).

Thegovernment should also play their role which over the years they haveterribly neglected. Policies as well as rules should be construed inorder to regulate action by the industries and other members of thepublic(Afon et al.2007,p.193-204).A good instance is by ensuring thatall industries which emit dangerous fumes should fit their machineswith mechanisms that convert the dangerous fumes to less hazardousgases. More to this is the seclusion of areas far from humansettlement areas, for the dumping of these hazardous wastes. Thedisposed wastes should then be burnt and the fumes directed toflowing water masses that are not used by the public. The watermasses should then be fenced and restricted from unauthorized personsas well as animals. The government should then incorporate all thesepolicies and rules into the country’s law which should make itpunishable for any otherwise conduct therein (Murray, 2014,p.81-101).

Littleacts such as spitting in the city as littering it should bepunishable and penalized by the country’s law. Companies that inthe past have caused perilous danger to the society should accord thesociety as well as the government great monetary relief so as forthis to be serving as an example and lesson to the rest (Afon etal.2007, p.193-204).

Commonsense as well as social sense should be adopted by all. The massesneed not to be taught by any one as this are simple inborn traitsthat one acquires by virtue of being born into the world. It istherefore expected of every right minded and sane human being in thesociety to preserve the environment particularly that surroundingthem. One of the ways that one does this is by proper wastemanagement. Masses should enhance on reusing refuse that can be usedmore than once (Murray, 2014, p.81-101). Several right mindedsocietal groups have embarked on this. Metal and metal apparatusesalongside others have majorly and severally are used. A simpleexample is a plastic can which contains cooking fat. Upon the runningout of the cooking fat the can simply be washed and used to fetch aswell as store water. This is applicable to all strata of people inthe society be it rich, poor and also the bourgeoisie class being noexemption (Ulfik et al.2014).

Recyclingcan also be a major waste management method. This refers to changingthe form of a previously used object for use in a different purposeor even setting. A good instance is how newspapers after being ledare gathered and sold to tissue paper makingindustries(Murray,2014,p.81-101).This is better than cutting of moretrees which leads to environmental degradation. This alongsidesolving the financial problem in the country which has been due tomisappropriation of funds and resources also helps in preservation ofthe environment.

Allresidential places should have personnel responsible for collectionof trash. More to this would be the availing of designated places forrefuse disposal. Several third world and developed this system. Allhouseholds are frequently given papers where they throw their trashand occasionally assigned individuals collect the litter and disposeit in the approved and designated places.

Toomuch has been done to correct the situation in the developingcountries. This has been by heavy borrowing of ideas implemented inthe already developed countries. The use of fuel that less pollutesif not at all should be adopted in these developing countries. Thisshould be borrowed from the developed states (Murray, 2014,p.81-101). In many developing countries Kenya being no different thefuel used cause heavy damages to the environment. One of the manyresults has been depletion ofthe ozone layer. The ozone layer isresponsible for protecting the humans from being directly hit by thehazardous rays of the sun. This if not addressed would lead to skincancer diseases. Therefore this explains the seriousness of thematter. More to that, the formation of acid rain is possible and thiswould adversely lead to grievous harm to plants, animals and worsestill mankind. Examples of types of fuel whose use should beeradicated are: charcoal, paraffin among others. This despite beingso costly also depletes the environment. Alternative sources ofenergy such as liquefied petroleum gas should be alternately used(Ulfik et al.2014).

Ihave majorly dwelled on waste management in the third worldcountries, so one might think that the developed countries are notcountered with any cones in their waste management. However this isnot at all the case. In countries such as China and USA where warfareis highly sophisticated the problem is so grave more than one canimagine. The manufacture of these hazardous warfare implements likethe hydrogen and atomic bombs has posed grave problems to thepopulation. Do all lovers of history remember the great Hiroshima andNagasaki wars in Japan (Murray, 2014, p.81-101)? The use of thehydrogen bombs despite causing great harm and death to plants,animals as well as mankind, leads to great environmental degradation.The manufacture also causes the emission of dangerous gases into theenvironment and this leads to grave effects to the society livingaround it. The possible solution to this is the designation of areasfar from humans where these experiments take place.

Fromthe report well discussed one can now comprehend the importance ofproper waste management. Humans should learn to make the world abetter place. This starts from the above discussed simple acts. Thishelps avoid anarchy in the society. So if man is determined to enjoyhis or her life they have to play a major role in making this areality. A clean society leads to healthy society. In an event of ahealthy society then a wealthy society crops up (Afon et al.2007,p.193-204).


Ulfik,A., &amp Nowak, S. (2014). Determinants of Municipal WasteManagement in Sustainable

Developmentof Regions in Poland. PolishJournal of Environmental Studies,23(3).

Afon,A. O. (2007). Informal sector initiative in the primary sub-system ofurban solid waste

managementin Lagos, Nigeria. HabitatInternational,31(2),193-204.

Murray,M. (2014). Waste management in Ireland: Discourses of domination inan (un)reflexive

society.TheSociological Review,81-101.