Question1 Reason behind the Existence of Numerous Denominations in ChristianReligion
Christianityis a religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ who founded theChurch. However, splits in the Church have led to the formation ofover 37million churches forming the different denominations. Thereasons for these differences are expounded below (Smith, 1999).
Differencesin Doctrine:Doctrine is a set of beliefs or principles that a particular churchteaches its congregation. Some of the major disparities in thedifferent denominations include issues of baptism, communion andinterpretation of bible teachings. The East-West schism: Orthodox(Eastern) and Roman Catholic (West) can be attributed to differentinterpretations of the Bible especially on matters regarding the HolySpirit.
PersonalityDifferences:Human beings have different personalities, talents and passions whichdictate how they explore their Spirituality. The differentdenominations offer different ways in which to express faith andtherefore attract different people. Conservative people as far asreligion is concerned may choose Catholicism, which is more reservedand has distinct cultures and traditions. The protestant groupattracts more of the enthusiastic people who are open to amends so asto make Christianity more appealing (Smith, 1999).
FalseTeachings:A third of the world’s population follows Christianity andtherefore attracts even ill-intentioned people, especially those whoare looking to exploit blind believers financially. Jesus warnedagainst these false teachers who would lead the Church astray.
SynopticGospels Thegospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke comprise the synoptic gospels whichhave similar stories of the life and times of Jesus Christ. Thesesimilarities in content have been used to affirm Christians andemphasize the message that though they have different views on theBible teachings, they are all united by their belief in Jesus Christ(Smith, 1999).
Question2 similaritiesand differences between at least two sects of the Islamic religion
TheIslamic religion which has over 1.6 billion followers the world overis based on the teachings of the Quran. There are two main sects inthe Islamic Religion are the Sunnis and the Shias. The two Islamicgroups are well distributed throughout the world. Some of the aspectsthe two groups’ shares together include they both believe in oneGod (Allah) and in the teachings of Prophet Muhammad. They both prayfive times daily facing Mecca, observe fasting and prayer in themonth of Ramadan, participate in charitable acts (zakar) and striveto visit Mecca in their lifetime for pilgrimage (Smith, 1999).
Themain difference between these two sects is based on the succession ofProphet Muhammad hence it is more political than religious. TheSunnis comprise the group that accepted Abu Bakr as the rightfulsuccessor of Mohammad together with Omar, Uthman and Ali. LikeMuhammad, he was from the tribe of Quraish. The group that is nowknown as the Shia believed that the successor of Muhammad should havebeen from his family proposing his cousin Ali Bin Abi Talib.
Roleof Islamic Women
Inthe Islam religion a woman’s basic role in line with the Quran liesin being a dutiful wife and raising children which is complementaryto a man’s role. These are her primary roles and therefore shouldnot restrict her from other responsibilities as many misconceptionshold. The Muslim woman has been subject to scrutiny in that she issupposed to balance her roles and religion and still remain relevantin a modern and civilized world. Issues with dressing, marriage,circumcision and rights of inheritance by the Islamic women have beena subject of debate over the years and are different from otherreligions (Smith, 1999).
Question3 The 5 Ks of Sikhism
Sikhismdates its origin to the 15thcentury in the Punjab region and was founded by Guru Nanak. Sikhsbelieve in One Immortal Being and focus on the realization of thetruth. Sikhs who have undergone initiation ceremony are identified bythe five K’s which symbolize faith and it is mandatory to wearthem. Khalsa is a term given to a Sikh who has accomplished all thefive K’s. Sikh Guru Gobind Singh is associated with these articlesexpounded below (Singh, 2014).
Kesh:This involves having uncut hair and symbolizes the act ofsurrendering physical appearance and concentrating more on spiritualgrowth.
Kara:The circular iron or steel bracelet represents the continuity of lifeand is also a reminder that Sikhs should work according to thecounsel of the Gurus.
Kirpan:This is a sword or dagger worn always for self-defense and also forprotection of others, especially the weak, hence symbolizes bravery.
Kachehra:This is a cotton undergarment worn by both male and female Sikhs inreadiness for battle for soldiers and also to be a constant reminderof self-control in terms of lust which is one of the five evils inthe Sikh religion.
Kanga:This is a small wooden comb kept in the hair and under the turban andshould be used twice daily symbolizing that we should preserve ourGod-given beings by having a clean body and mind.
TheKirpan is the most significant symbol because it is supposed to notonly protect the individual but also those around. It is a constantreminder of the fight against injustice, tyranny and protection ofthose who are considered weak in society hence holds muchsignificance.
Smith,H. (1999). TheWorld´s Religions.Harper Collins Publishers.
Singh,B. (2014). THE FIVE SYMBOLS OF SIKHISM. SikhFormations: Religion, Culture,